South Coast Harbours 1698 logo, button to main menu
South Coast Harbours 1698
report by Edmund Dummer and Thomas Wiltshaw

chart features - Southampton Water and Solent

title cartouche
scroll cartouche
foliage cartouche
title cartouche snip image

The title cartouche is in scrolls of foliage, coloured red, blue, green and yellow; centre bottom is a bearded face. The title is:-
The River of Southampton wth: the Scituation of Bussleton Beauley & Lymington Rivers within the Isle of Wight
table of data
table of data snip image

Printed in the middle of the map is a table linking letters on the map to an explanation.
orientation
compass rose
up is NNW
The title cartouche contains:-

compass rose snip image

In the sea, The Solent, is a compass rose. This has four arrow pointers for the cardinal and half cardinal points coloured in red, pink, grey, blue and a yellow fleur de lys marking north. Up on the sheet is about NNW.
sea plain
sandbanks
foreshore
rocks
sea snip image

The sea is uncoloured. Major sandbanks are marked and tinted pale brown, and some labelled with a letter keying to the table of particulars.

sea snip image

y - Bramble
x - Middle in Southampton River
z - Middle Grounds
The sands west of the Isle of Wight are shown but not named.
The coastal foreshore is drawn, between the tides? coloured pale brown. River channels are clearly drawn through these flats.

sea snip image

At Hurst Point there is a darker area which could be mistaken for the Shingles sandbank; it ?is a stain on the paper. Hurst Beach, pebbly, is indicated clearly.
Rocks on the foreshore are shown by scattered + signs; for example on the NW edge of the Isle of Wight.
Three large pillars off the island are labelled

sea snip image
a - Needles
sea marks
sea snip image

At the entrance to the River Meon where Titchfield Lake is marked, are drawn two features which could be taken to be marker posts for the channel.
coast appearance
The coast line is mostly a plain line with the foreshore as noted. Inland is tinted pale green. In places the coast appearance is drawn; low cliffs along the shore NW of Hurst for instance.

coast line snip image

and west of Calshot.
castles
coastal defence
The coastal defence castles of the time of Henry VIII are drawn, castle wall, tower and a flag. Some are labelled:-

coastal defence snip image
m - Calshott Castle
g - Hurst Castle
Some are not, Netley castle and the castles in Yarmouth and West Cowes.
rivers
bridges
lakes
rivers snip image

River channels are clearly drawn through foreshore areas and inland. Rivers are not drawn above their estuary, and are not named, but can be identified from an adjacent settlement. Except:-
d - Newton Creeke
on the Isle of Wight is labelled, having no settlement.

bridges snip image

Bridges are drawn by a double line crossing the river at Beaulieu and Redbridge.
A pool is drawn at the boggy area of the River Meon's estuary at Titchfield Haven, labelled:-

rivers snip image
v - Titchfield Lake
lake in Hampshire is much used as a term for a river course.
relief
hillocks
hills snip image

Little relief is shown on the map except the clear distinction of sea/foreshore/land and the coast appearance of low cliffs. A few hillocks, some wooded, are drawn on the Isle of Wight, as navigation aids?
woods
trees snip image

Trees are drawn in settlements, coloured emerald green, but other woods are not shown except on a ridge of hills on the island. The spit down to Hurst seems to be covered in bushes.
settlements
town walls
town gates
settlements snip image

Settlements along the coast are shown by clusters of little houses - look at these magnified, they are nicely done, the rooves tinted slate blue. The size of the cluster matches, sort of, the size of the place.

settlements snip image

Southampton has town walls, town gates at north and south, and two churches. Other villages and towns have a church drawn with tower or steeple - which seem mostly to match what is there now.
Most places are labelled by a letter keying to the table of particulars, qv.
salterns
salterns snip image

Salterns are shown by a series of rectangular ponds along the coastal land west of the Lymington River.

chart features - Bursledon

title cartouche
drape cartouche
title cartouche snip image

The map has a cartouche of red drapes, with branches of leaves, held up by an eagle, bottom centre.
Bussleton River
The cartouche also holds:-
scale line
scale
A scale line, one mile chequered in quarters.
scale line snip image
A Scale of one Mile
The 1 mile = 72.4mm assuming a statute mile is 1 to 22229 or assuming a sea mile of 6082.95 ft is 1 to 25608. The map scale is about:-

   1 to 22000 or 1 to 26000
   3 or 2.5 inches to 1 mile
orientation
compass rose
up is N
compass rose snip image

There is a compass rose in the sea W of the river mouth. It has arrow points for the cardinal and half cardinal points, coloured red, pink, grey, blue, with a yellow fleur de lys marking north. The map is orientated roughly up is north.
sea plain
foreshore
sea snip image

The sea is plain and uncoloured.
The foreshore area is coloured a sandy brown. An area east from the river mouth has what could be a bank of shingle on the upper foreshore. There is an inlet, almost a lake, in the foreshore east side at the mouth.
coast appearance
coast line snip image

The coast line is pretty flat. An area on the E side of the estuary, about 2 miles in, is drawn with low ?rocky cliffs. There is another low cliff about 3 miles up on the W side. The landward area is tinted pale green.
rivers
ferries
rivers snip image

The Hamble river mouth is the subject of the map. A small creek on the west side, 2.5 miles in, is drawn through the foreshore and a little inland. This seems to be the small stream that runs down from the area named Lowford.
The ferry at Bursledon is labelled by letter:-
rivers snip image
c - Bussleton Ferry
relief
hillocks
hills snip image

The land area is modelled with low hills, shaded to the east, with a tree or two on each. The drawing of the spit on the E of the river mouth suggest a lower lying area, tinted a paler green (almost layer colouring!)
woods
hills snip image

Woods are shown by groups of trees at settlements, and elsewhere. There are occasional trees about the land, tinted emerald green.
settlements
Settlements are shown by clusters of little buildings, pencil drawings with grey tinted roofs; hamlets being just a few houses, villages suggested by the drawing of a church. One of these is labelled by a letter referring to the table of particulars:-
settlements snip image
b - Hamble
Another can be identified by being adjacent to:-
c - Bussleton Ferry
A hamlet on the E side of the river mouth is not labelled. On Milne's map, 1791, this is Hook.
roads
The map shows roads:-
roads snip image
d - Road to Southampton
drawn by a double line from a tiny hamlet NE of Bursledon, on the river bank, by the ferry, through Bursledon, and off to the west towards Netley. This road continues east as a single dotted line across the foreshore, crosses by the ferry, is drawn as a single dotted line along the opposite foreshore to a house opposite Burseldon, where it become a double dotted line off to the ESE towards Fareham, labelled:-
e - Road to Portsmouth
salterns
At the river mouth, W side, on a low headland is:-
salterns snip image
a - Salt Pans
drawn as a series of rectangular ponds, with a house. These salterns were still visible on Milne's map, 1791, on Hamble Common.

chart features - Beaulieu

title cartouche
scroll cartouche
title
title cartouche snip image

Bottom centre of the map is a scroll cartouche with some acanthus leaf decoration, tinted in reds and greens. The map title is:-
Beauley. River
The title cartouche contains:-
scale line
scale
A scale line:-
scale line snip image
A Scale of one Mile
with divisions at quarter miles. The 1 mile = 72.1mm; assuming a modern statute mile this gives a scale 1 to 22290; or, if a sea mile of 6082.95 feet, 1 to 25715. The map scale is about:-

   1 to 22000 to 1 to 25000
   2.5 or 3 inches to 1 mile
orientation
compass rose
up is NW
compass rose snip image

The map has a compass rose. There are four star points for the cardinal directions, tinted red/pink, and four more for the half cardinal directions, tinted grey/blue. North is marked by a yellow fleur de lys. Up on the sheet is NNW.
table of data
table of data snip image

There are tables at left and right at the bottom of the map, in plain rectangular cartouches. These explain letters used to mark some features of the map. Eg:-
b. Road to Lymington
sea plain
foreshore
sea snip image

The sea is plain. The expanse of sandy or muddy flats across the river mouth is tinted sandy brown.
rivers
bridges
rivers snip image

The subject of the map is the Beaulieu River, which is drawn from its large bends seaward for about 7 miles inland. Various creeks are shown in the estuary mudflats and there is a series of meanders about 5-6 miles from the sea.

bridges snip image

At Beaulieu village a bridge is shown by a double line arching over the river. The river is tinted pale blue along its edge.
relief
hills snip image

The land is tinted pale green with suggestions of low hills drawn in profile.
woods
forests
trees snip image

Trees are drawn sparingly over the land, but grouped closer in:-
d Part of the New Forest
which is clearly bounded by a line.
Trees are drawn in settlements, with a small wood SE of Beaulieu.
settlements
settlements snip image

Settlements are drawn by small buildings, roofs tinted grey. One place is marked by letter:-
house snip image
a. Ginns
which is a great house more than a village?
roads
A road is drawn by a double line, with a dotted line down the middle for the track itself, eastward from Beaulieu. It continues as a track, just the single dotted line, when it enters the New Forest. This is:-
roads snip image
c. Road to Southampton
This route crosses to Southampton over the Hythe Ferry. Another road is marked:-
b. Road to Lymington
on the west side of the village. But nothing of the road is drawn.

chart features - Lymington

title cartouche
title
title cartouche snip image

The map's title cartouche bottom centre is a panel surrounded by foliage scrolls tinted in reds, greens and yellows. Top centre is a ?helmet with spears and flags to each side. The title is:-
Lymington River East of Hurst Castle within the Isle of Wight
The central item above the cartouche could be a cresset - perhaps the basket of Jack?
The cartouche contains:-
scale line
scale
A scale line chequered red and white in quarter miles:-
scale line snip image

A Scale of one Mile
The 1 mile = 72.1mm; assuming a modern statute mile this gives a scale 1 to 22290, or if a sea mile of 6082.96ft then 1 to 25715. The map scale is about:-

   1 to 22000 or 1 to 25000
   25. or 3 inches to 1 mile
orientation
compass rose
up is NW
compass rose snip image

The map has a compass rose. There are four star points for the cardinal directions, tinted red/pink, and four more for the half cardinal directions, tinted grey/blue. North is marked by a yellow fleur de lys. Up on the sheet is NNW.
table of data
table of data snip image

There are tables at left and right at the bottom of the map, in plain rectangular cartouches. These explain letters used to mark some features of the map. Eg:-
b. Salt Panns
sea plain
foreshore
sea marks
sea snip image

The sea is plain, uncoloured. The expanse of sand or mud flats at the mouth of the Lymington River is tinted sandy brown and is drawn with many creeks off the main channel.
The outer marker of the channel into the river is a post with triangle and circle at the top, named:-
sea snip image

a. Jack in the Baskett
The land is tinted pale green.
rivers
harbours
The subject of the map is the Lymington River. It is drawn for about 3 miles from sea to just above the town.
sea snip image

The navigable channel in the river is marked all the way up by posts, the circle at the top tinted dark green.

sea snip image

Lymington is by a meander, where there is a landing stage at the harbour.
settlements
settlements snip image

Settlements are drawn by groups of houses, roofs tinted grey-blue, with groups of trees, tinted emerald green. Lymington, a town, has a church with a tower, and a turret? on that, and is not named. It has a landing stage at the river's edge.
Other settlements are small and unnamed, except:-

house snip image

c. Buckland
where is drawn a great house.
roads
Two roads are shown, each by a double line for its edges, plus a line of dots down the middle for the track itself. The roads are marked:-

roads snip image

e. Road to Beauley
running westward from Lymington, and:-
d. Road to Christ Church
running northward parallel the river.
salterns
windpumps
Along the shore of river estuary and sea, south of Lymington, are extensive:-
salterns snip image
b. Salt Panns
salterns snip image

Many rectangular ponds are drawn, tinted blue at their edges, and some windpumps, and some buildings.

chart features - Christchurch

title cartouche
wreath cartouche
title
title cartouche snip image

The title cartouche bottom centre is a wreath of leaves, tinted green, tied with a red ribbon. The title is:-
Christ Church River Westward of Hurst Castle wth:out ye. Isle of Wight
'without' not meaning lacking but outwith (outside).
The cartouche contains:-
scale line
scale
A scale line:-
scale line snip image
A Scale of one Mile
with divisions at quarter miles. The 1 mile = 72.1mm; assuming a modern statute mile this gives a scale 1 to 22290; or, if a sea mile of 6082.95 feet, 1 to 25715. The map scale is about:-

   1 to 22000 or 1 to 25000
   2.5 or 3 inches to 1 mile
orientation
compass rose
up is NW
compass rose snip image

The map has a compass rose. There are four star points for the cardinal directions, tinted red/pink, and four more for the half cardinal directions, tinted grey/blue. North is marked by a yellow fleur de lys. Up on the sheet is NW.
table of data
table of data snip image

Left and right at the bottom, in plain rectangular cartouches, are explanations of letters used to mark features on the map. Eg:-
cc. Two Mills
sea plain
rocks
sandbanks
coast appearance
coast line snip image

The sea is plain. Off shore at the river mouth are the outlines of rocks or sandbanks, tinted grey, looking like a hazard to navigation. The shore at the river mouth is drawn with circles, perhaps indicating a pebbly shore.

coast line snip image

The coast to westward is drawn with the appearance of low cliffs.
rivers
harbours
The subject of the map is the 'Christ Church River' which is drawn from its narrow entrance, where there is:-
a. Peer now making
for the harbour.

rivers snip image
Inland the river is a confusion of channels and creeks and mud flats. It divides into two main arms:-
d. Blandford River
e. Salisbury River
The rivers are being described, not named - a pernickety distinction perhaps. They are the River Stour and River Avon respectively.
On a pool by a creek half a mile inland is:-

rivers snip image
b. Store-house
Presumably a harbour warehouse.
bridges
A fine bridge with 6 arches,
bridges snip image

bridges snip image

then a smaller one of 2 arches nearer the town, carry a road into Christchurch from the eastward, over two arms of the River Avon.
relief
hills snip image

The land area is tinted a muddy brown, with a little green. Westward of the town low hills are suggested in profile, with smaller hillocks west of the river mouth.
woods
trees snip image

There are a few trees drawn about the land area, tinted emerald green. Most trees are clustered around settlements, or along roads.
settlements
streets
settlements snip image

Settlements are drawn by groups of buildings, roofs tinted grey. Christchurch is not labelled, but is implied by the map's title. It has a fine array of buildings drawn along streets.

settlements snip image

Christchurch Priory is drawn as a great church.
mills
water mills
A mill lade is drawn off the River Avon at Christchurch, where the road crosses the river towards Lymington. At this point there is a building marked 'c'. The lade curves round the priory inland of the river and comes out into the River Stour, just above the confluence of the rivers, where there is another building marked 'c'. The table of data explains:-

mills snip image

cc. Two Mills
roads
Some roads are drawn, by a double line representing the edges, with a dotted line down the middle denoting the track. One road leaves westward from the town ending at the River Stour. A road north is:-
g. Road to Pool
And eastward out of the town, crossing the River Avon on fine bridges, is:-
f. Road to Lymington
roads snip image

A turning off this road goes by a few houses, southwards to the coastal area.

South Coast Harbours 1698 logo, button to main menu
South Coast Harbours 1698
report by Edmund Dummer and Thomas Wiltshaw

© Jean and Martin Norgate: 2002
with information courtesy of Hampshire CC Museums Service
images © Jean Norgate: 2001