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South Coast Harbours 1698
report by Edmund Dummer and Thomas Wiltshaw

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Chart features - Bursledon

title cartouche
drape cartouche
title cartouche snip image

The map has a cartouche of red drapes, with branches of leaves, held up by an eagle, bottom centre.
Bussleton River
The cartouche also holds:-
scale line
scale
A scale line, one mile chequered in quarters.
scale line snip image
A Scale of one Mile
The 1 mile = 72.4mm assuming a statute mile is 1 to 22229 or assuming a sea mile of 6082.95 ft is 1 to 25608. The map scale is about:-

   1 to 22000 or 1 to 26000
   3 or 2.5 inches to 1 mile
orientation
compass rose
up is N
compass rose snip image

There is a compass rose in the sea W of the river mouth. It has arrow points for the cardinal and half cardinal points, coloured red, pink, grey, blue, with a yellow fleur de lys marking north. The map is orientated roughly up is north.
sea plain
foreshore
sea snip image

The sea is plain and uncoloured.
The foreshore area is coloured a sandy brown. An area east from the river mouth has what could be a bank of shingle on the upper foreshore. There is an inlet, almost a lake, in the foreshore east side at the mouth.
coast appearance
coast line snip image

The coast line is pretty flat. An area on the E side of the estuary, about 2 miles in, is drawn with low ?rocky cliffs. There is another low cliff about 3 miles up on the W side. The landward area is tinted pale green.
rivers
ferries
rivers snip image

The Hamble river mouth is the subject of the map. A small creek on the west side, 2.5 miles in, is drawn through the foreshore and a little inland. This seems to be the small stream that runs down from the area named Lowford.
The ferry at Bursledon is labelled by letter:-
rivers snip image
c - Bussleton Ferry
relief
hillocks
hills snip image

The land area is modelled with low hills, shaded to the east, with a tree or two on each. The drawing of the spit on the E of the river mouth suggest a lower lying area, tinted a paler green (almost layer colouring!)
woods
hills snip image

Woods are shown by groups of trees at settlements, and elsewhere. There are occasional trees about the land, tinted emerald green.
settlements
Settlements are shown by clusters of little buildings, pencil drawings with grey tinted roofs; hamlets being just a few houses, villages suggested by the drawing of a church. One of these is labelled by a letter referring to the table of particulars:-
settlements snip image
b - Hamble
Another can be identified by being adjacent to:-
c - Bussleton Ferry
A hamlet on the E side of the river mouth is not labelled. On Milne's map, 1791, this is Hook.
roads
The map shows roads:-
roads snip image
d - Road to Southampton
drawn by a double line from a tiny hamlet NE of Bursledon, on the river bank, by the ferry, through Bursledon, and off to the west towards Netley. This road continues east as a single dotted line across the foreshore, crosses by the ferry, is drawn as a single dotted line along the opposite foreshore to a house opposite Burseldon, where it become a double dotted line off to the ESE towards Fareham, labelled:-
e - Road to Portsmouth
salterns
At the river mouth, W side, on a low headland is:-
salterns snip image
a - Salt Pans
drawn as a series of rectangular ponds, with a house. These salterns were still visible on Milne's map, 1791, on Hamble Common.

compare
Collins 1693
Dummer 1698

button to larger view of River Hamble  
on Collins' chart of 1693   button to larger view of River Hamble on  
Dummer's chart for Southampton, 1698   button to larger Dummer chart  
for River Hamble, 1698
Click images to enlarge
River Hamble as shown on Collins' South Coast (1693), on Dummer's Southampton (1698), and on Dummer's Bursledon (1698), respectively.

Dummer and Wiltshaw's chart of Bursledon has details not shown in the chart by Greenvile Collins.

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Bursledon, Hampshire
South Coast Harbours 1698 logo, button to main menu
South Coast Harbours 1698
report by Edmund Dummer and Thomas Wiltshaw

© Jean and Martin Norgate: 2002
with information courtesy of Hampshire CC Museums Service
images © Jean Norgate: 2001