TAYLOR'S HAMPSHIRE 1759, Map Features 3
Rivers are drawn with their meandering braided course tapering
inland, with from lines where width allows. River names are
difficult to find; and are often missing. The engraving of this
map is generally confused, marked features and labels overlapped
and obscuring - BUT this is made much worse by the quality of the
reproduction, which is all I have to study at present. It is not
awfully good? in a mid brown ink that does nothing for clarity.
River names, examples:-
Crockford WaterAt Ash the:-
Source of ye River Hantonie the Test, is labelled.
Picking out how far a river is navigable, as given in the table of symbols, is not easy [?not possible] on the reproduction.
Bridges, mills and other features are marked and/or labelled along the rivers' courses, eg:-
Oakhanger PondPonds, if the example of Fleet Pond is representative, are marked with shading not form lines. The pond in Bramshill Park has form lines.
The symbol for a bridge in the table of symbols shows a shallow arch with numerous arches through it. In practice, on the map, a bridge is drawn by a road just crossing the river. A wood NE of Stratfield Saye house is labelled:-
Spring WoodThe ferry across the Itchen to the east of Southampton is labelled:-
Ferrybut is mistakenly drawn as a bridge.
Mills have their own symbols. Watermills are a building with a
waterwheel; a circle with four spokes. A clear example is:-
Fleet MillMany more are labelled, eg:-
Bere Paper Mill
MillThe mill might be marked by a wheel with no building attached, for example at West Meon. A:-
Mill Pondis labelled NE of Silchester. A mile south of Lower Wallop is:-
Overshot Millwhich is probably descriptive, rather than a name for the mill. Windmills are distinguished as post mills and tower mills by their symbols. The mill near Chalton is a post mill:-
Challton WindmillThere is a tower mill at Stoke Charity, just labelled:-
Windmilland another, clearly drawn, on Silchester Common west of Silchester. Two miles NNW of Ropley is:-
Old Windmill Stonebut no windmill. Similarly there is no mill at the group of trees called:-
Windmill Clumpnorth of Aldershot.
At least one of the old canals of Hampshire appear on this
map? Beside the Itchen from about Stoneham to Stoke Bishop is a
double line, which is crossed by a bridge, and which has:-
Lockwritten beside it.
Relief is shown by hill hachuring. As so often with this
system of describing land form, the engraving takes up a lot of
space and spoils the legibility of other features and labelling
on the map. (This may be worse in the reproduction than the
original.) It also tends to show broad downs as narrow ridges,
or, or as well, to clutter up downland areas with a lot of
moderately heavy engraving. Some are labelled, eg:-
Toothillengraved along its ridge. But many aren't. 'Portsdown' is engraved off the edge of the great hill, where it may not be referring to the hill itself. There are some other names, eg:-
Bull HillA hill name might be implied by the name of an associated feature.
A few valleys are named, eg:-
Yew tree Bottomeast of Owslebury.
North of Farley is:-
Beacon Hillmarking a small mound on top of the ridge of hills. This is the site of Farley Beacon.
Sway Beaconare labelled. There is no special symbol for beacons.
On a map of this scale, using tiny tree symbols, a more
realistic - if out of scale - representation is given to woods
and forests. The tree symbols are closely or loosely packed into
woodland or woods and forests, arranged in lines for avenues,
made larger in the fine planting of parkland, and so on. There
are several areas of open woodland north of Bramley, one
Bramley FrithThe much denser wood east of Goodworth Clatford is labelled:-
Harewood ForestHackwood Park has fine avenues, running east from the house, and running north-south across the top of that. In the parkland there are larger 'specimen' trees. There are a number of avenues, in and out of parks, in the north-east of the county.
Some of the great forests are noticed, but perhaps just labelled, no trees. (Forest don't necessarily have trees.) For example:-
Wutmere ForrestSome single trees are labelled:-
The Thornwest of South Stoneham, for example, and:-
Wallers Ashtwo miles south of Stoke Charity.
Fair Thornnorth of Kirbridge seems to be the label for a house and a tree drawn by the road side. A group of trees on a hillside east of Andover is:-
Half Moon Treesis a hlaf circlet of trees drawn at the end of the avenues west of Paultons House. A number of lone trees are drawn clearly, without any label, for example by the road NNE of North Stoneham. vegetation Different sorts of country are labelled, commons not with any particular symbol. This marshes might be generally, eg:- heaths Heath Marshes Common but might give a specific site name, eg:- Ipsley Moor Hinton Common Great Morass Bramshill Heath Havant Chace
Formal emparked places are surrounded by fence palings,
standing up from the boundary line. A particularly fine example
Hackwood Parkwhich has an interior line of fence as well. This park has avenues of trees, parkland with shrubs and trees, a great house with formal gardens, etc. By the house is number:-
18which keys the house to 18 on the list of Gentlemen's Names, 18 is:-
His Grace the Duke of Bolton Hackwood Pk.A long list of:-
Gentlemen's Names &c.is printed in alphabetical order in cartouches on sheets 1, 2, 4, and 5. There are 577 names plus an appendix of 9 more out of alphabetical place. The list is also in numerical order; so it is easy to find a name from the number of a house on the map. It is not easy to find a house having got the name and number from the list.
Dogmersfield Park has an entrance arch, a look-out tower or folly, a temple, and perhaps a monument. Headley Park has:-
Ariosto Templelooking like a small ziggurat. A number of park gates are labelled, eg:-
Soberton Hoe Gatein the road south of Soberton House.
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