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Bazaar 1890
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NOTES from the BAZAAR EXCHANGE MART MAP of ENGLAND and WALES, 1890

  
These notes are taken from the Tourist Route Map of England and Wales published by the Bazaar Exchange and Mart, about 1890. The map studied is in a private collection.
map type: HantsMap & Bazaar 1890
The map date is suggested by advertisements pasted on the back of the map. Its size is: wxh, sheet = 64x76cm; it has been sectioned into 6x4 pieces and mounted on ?linen to be folded. Having been well used the map is in very poor condition.
NB: these notes are made with a strong emphasis on Hampshire interest; many other parts of the map are ignored.

MAP FEATURES

title    
Printed upper right is a title:-
The TOURIST ROUTE MAP OF ENGLAND & WALES. PUBLISHED AT THE OFFICE OF THE BAZAAR EXCHANGE & MART 170, STRAND, LONDO[N] W.C.

orientation    
compass rose    
up is N    

Printed left of centre is a compass rose; no circle, star points for cardinal and half cardinal directions, North marked by a fleur de lys. The map is printed with North at the top of the sheet.

scale line    
scale    

Printed lower centre is a scale line of:-
British Statute Miles
chequered and labelled at 5 mile intervals. The 60 miles = 99 mm, roughly, gives a scale 1 to 974769. The map scale is about:-
1 to 970000
15 miles to 1 inch
Measuring the position of the towns in Hampshire a second estimate of scale, for the south central region, was made with DISTTAB.exe software, 1 to 970976. The map scale is about:-
1 to 970000
15 miles to 1 inch

lat and long scales    
Printed in the borders are scales of latitude and longitude for a ?trapezoid projection; chequered at 10 minute intervals, labelled at degrees. The prime meridian is Greenwich; the bottom scale is labelled:-
Longitude West from Greenwich
The map includes from 2 or 3d E to 6 or 7d W, 49d 50m to 56d 15m N; England and wales, the south of Scotland, and a corner of France.

table of symbols    
roads    

Printed lower left is an:-
EXPLANATION
Turnpike Roads ... [double line]
Principal Cross Roads ... [single line]
Market Towns in Roman Print ... [upright lowercase] Grantham
The Figures attached thereto denote their distance from the Metropolis.
The Lines and Roman Figures printed in RED refer to the Table of Road Routes.

sea area    
sea shaded    

The sea area is shaded, and some areas are labelled, eg:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
The Solent
SPITHEAD
Southn. Water

coast line    
coast shaded    

The coast line is shaded for emphasis. Harbours are recognisable but not (Hampshire) labelled.

coastal defence    
castles    

Two of the coastal defence castles are noticed:-
Hurst Cas.
Calshot Cas

rivers    
Rivers are drawn by a wiggly line, perhaps with some braiding, and perhaps labelled, eg:-
Riv. Avon
R. Itching
R.Tese
The last is called the Anton nearer the coast. Most of Hampshire coastal rivers are noticed, but the inland rivers are less well treated.

relief    
No relief is shown.

woods    
No woods are shown.

county    
The county boundaries are fine dotted lines, easily missed amongst the bolder features. The county areas are labelled, eg:-
HAMP / SHIRE

settlements    
distances from London    
electoral data    

Settlements are shown by a small group of blocks, differentiated by style of labelling. There might be a cross (+) for a ?church.
The distance of towns from London is given; and stars are attached to borough towns for the number of members they return to Parliament.
city     labelled in upright block caps:-
WINCHESTER / 62 [2 stars]

town     labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
Southampton / 75 [2 stars]
Petersfield / 54 [1 star]
Alton / 47
Stockbridge / 66

village    
hamlet    
labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
Chawton
Mid. Wallop

The last style of lettering is used for various other features on the map.

roads    
road distances    
turnpike roads    

Most roads are drawn by a double line, turnpike roads according to the explanation. These make a comprehensive looking network over the Hampshire; I have not checked to see how comprehensive. A few roads are drawn by a single line, explained as principal cross roads.
Distances along roads are given, eg:-
Win. to Ba. 17
P. to P. 18
The places are usually clear from the route.
Some roads are tinted red, with a route number in large red roman characters, eg:-
XVI
for the Lands End road. The number refer to tabulated itineraries.

table of data    
roads    

Printed either side of the map are tabulated:-
ROAD ROUTES
FROM LONDON
(Marked in Red on the Map)
REVISED AND CORRECTED, FROM VARIOUS AUTHORITIES, BY HARRY HEWITT GRIFFIN,
R. for ROUTE.
The routes that cross Hampshire are given below. The state of the map leaves many of them unreadable, words implied form other parts of the map are contained in square brackets, as usual for transcriptions.
...
[ROUTE XV.]
[ ]
[(From Marble Arch.)]
...
... ... ... ... ... MILES
Go[lden Farmer] ... 27 1/2
Basing[stoke] ... 45
Whitchu[rch] ... 56 1/2
Andover ... 63 1/2
Amesbury ... 77 1/2
...
...
Bidefor[d] ... 200
... ...
ROU[TE] XVI.
Lan[d's] End.
... ... ... ... ... MILES
Andov[er (by R. ] XV. ... 63 1/2
Salisb[ury] ... 81
...
...
Penzan[ce] ... 281
...
Land's [End] ... 291 3/4
... ...
ROUTE XV[II.]
Southampton,
New Forest, and Bourn[e]
mouth.
... ... ... ... ... MILES
Golden Farmer (by R. XV.) ... 2[7 1/2]
Farnham ... [ ]
Alton ... [ ]
Alresford ... [ ]
Winchester ... [ ]
Junction of Roads ... [ ]
Southampton ...
___
Totton ... [ ]
___
Lyndhurst ... [ ]
Christchurch ... [ ]
___
Ringwood ... 96[ ]
Christchurch ... 105[ ]
Bournemouth ... 11[ ]
... ...
ROUTE XVIII[.]
Portsmouth,
From Hyde Park Corner
... ... ... ... ... MILES
...
Godalming ... [ ]
Liphook ... [ ]
Petersfield ... [ ]
Cosham ... [ ]
Portsmouth ... [ ]
Looking at the map itself the routes in Hampshire are:-
route XVI - from London; through Staines, Middlesex; and Bagshot and the Golden Farmer, Surrey; then Blackwater, Hartford Bridge, Basingstoke, Overton, Whitchurch, Andover, Mid Wallop, Hampshire; on to Salisbury, Wiltshire, and westward; AND from Andover through Weyhill, Hampshire; then Amesbury, Wiltshire, and westward.
route XVII - from the Golden Farmer, Surrey; across a corner of Hampshire; then Farnham, Surrey, and Alton, Alresford, Winchester, to Southampton, Hampshire; AND on ward through Redbridge, Lyndhurst, Hampshire; to Christchurch, Dorset; AND a branch from Lyndhurst to Lymington, Hampshire, then to Christchurch, Dorset; AND an alternative route from Redbridge through Cadnam and Ringwood, Hampshire; to Christchurch, Dorset.
route XVIII - from London; through Godalming, Surrey; then Liphook, Petersfield, Horn Dean, Cosham, to Portsmouth, Hampshire.

canals    
Canals are drawn by a triple line, light bold light, and might be labelled. Three canals are shown in Hampshire.
Basingstoke Canal     drawn from Basingstoke to the Surrey border (and beyond, of course):-
Basingstoke Can. 1772

Andover Canal     drawn from Andover to Redbridge:-
Andr. Ca.

Salisbury to Southampton Canal     drawn from Alderbury, not from Salisbury, and not showing the length from Redbridge to Southampton. This is not labelled, but in the English Channel is a note linked to a symbol (which I cannot see on the map):-
Salisbury and Southampton Canal 17[9]5


railways    
A few railways are drawn by a double line, slightly broader than that for roads. These are quite well hidden amongst the other stuff on the map, but can be recognised if you know where railways ran. Although the map seems to have been issued about 1890, only two railways are shown in Hampshire:-
London and Southampton Railway     coming into the county south of Frimley, going round the north side of Basingstoke, turning southward past Winchester, to Southampton. This is the main LSWR line.

Bishopstoke to Gosport branch railway     from the LSWR, passing Botley and Fareham, to Gosport.

Railways appear to be an afterthought; and incomplete afterthought.


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HantsMap Notes -- BAZAAR1.txt
MN: 8.11.2002
last edit: 8.11.2002