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Bill 1626
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NOTES from BILL'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1626

KD1996.17  
These notes are taken from the map of Hant Shire ie Hampshire, derived from Peter Keer's map, used in The Abridgement of Camden's Britannia, published by John Bill, London, 1626.
map type: HantsMap & Bill 1626
The size is: wxh, sheet = 19x15cm; wxh, plate = 126x92mm; wxh, map = 119x86mm. The reverse of this edition of map has the descriptive text for Berkshire.

MAP FEATURES

title cartouche    
strapwork cartouche    

image snip from map

Printed upper left is a strapwork cartouche with the title:-
HANT SHIRE

orientation    
up is N    

The map has no north indicator; it is printed with north at the top of the sheet.

lat and long scales    
image snip from map

The left and bottom map borders have latitude and longitude scales; assumed to be for a rectangular projection. The scales are labelled at 5 minute intervals. Latitude runs up; 40, 45, 50, 55, 51, 5, 10, ... 30. The 51 is 51 degrees. Longitude runs eastward, left to right on the sheet; 10, 15, ... 55, 23, 5, 10, ... 55, 24, 5, 10. The 23 and 24 are marked with a degree sign and a prime, and the 23 is accompanied by 0 minutes. Winchester is about 23d 10m E of the map's prime meridian; it is 1d 19m W of Greenwich. The map's prime meridian is somewhere out in the Atlantic, probably the Cape Verde Islands which were one of the places used for the prime meridian before Greenwich was accepted internationally.

scale line    
scale    
old english mile    

image snip from map

Printed below the title, upper left, is:-
A Scale of Miles
The scale has 10 miles, marked at 1 mile intervals, labelled at 5 and 10 miles. The 10 miles = 19.8 mm gives a scale 1 to 812800 on the improper assumption of a modern statute mile, the map scale is about:-
1 to 810000
13 miles to 1 inch
A better estimate of the map's scale can be got from the positions of a number of towns. Using DISTTAB.exe to do the sums this gives a scale 1 to 1057911; the map scale is about:-
1 to 1100000
16.5 miles to 1 inch
and the map's 'mile' is an:-
Old English Mile = 1.31 statute miles

sea area    
sea moire effect    

image snip from map

The sea is engraved with a moire effect pattern.

coast line    
coast shaded    

The coast is shaded. Harbours are not labelled. The shape of Thorney Island, and thus Langstone Harbour, is not good.

coastal defence    
castles    

Some of the coastal defence castles are shown, labelled:-
image snip from map

Hurst Castle
Calshot Castle
St. Andrews Castle

rivers    
bridges    

Rivers are marked by a bold wiggly line tapering inland, with some hint of form lines on the wider stretches. Some braiding is shown, for example south of Stockbridge. All the major river systems are shown, with some tributaries; rivers are not labelled. The Stour and Avon are shown entering the sea separately and are engaved far more lightly than others.
image snip from map

Two bridges are drawn, by a double line across the river, at Stockbridge and Andover.

relief    
No relief is shown. No beacons are shown.

woods    
forests    

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Some of the old forests are shown by groups of relatively large tree symbols. None are labelled, but it is easy to recognise several: New Forest, Buckholt Forest, Chute Forest, West Bere Forest, Pamber Forest, East Bere Forest, and Woolmer Forest.

county    
image snip from map

The county boundary is a fine dotted line. There are two visible lines; a lighter, less definite, continuous line as well as the bolder dotted line. Perhaps the indefinite line is a rough guide line scratched on the plate before engraving the boundary proper? There are other faint trace lines under/by some rivers.
The detached part of Hampshire to theneast is not included.
Adjacent counties are labelled in various styles, lareg and perhaps swash lettering, eg:-
PART OF WILT SHIRE
A few towns are also marked and labelled in the adjacent counties around the Hampshire border.

settlements    
Settlements are positioned by a dot and circle, the dot sometimes missed. Places are differntiated by an additional circle, tower, etc. The text labelling is not particularly regular; all labels are roughly italic lowercase.
city     dot and two circles, towers; eg:-
image snip from map

Winchester

town     dot and circle, tower; eg:-
image snip from map

Alton
Basingstock

village     dot and circle, small tower; eg:-
image snip from map

Okeley

The location of text by symbol is not well controlled. In the case of Bishops Waltham things have really gone awry; there are two town marks, dot, circle, tower, and two place names 'Bushe' and 'Waltham' (it is not unusual to find this place called Bush Waltham).


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HantsMap Notes -- BILL1.txt
MN: 7.10.2001
last edit: 10.3.2002