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Blome 1681
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NOTES from RICHARD BLOME'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1681

FA1999.90  
These notes are made from a map of Hampshire by Richard Blome, 1681. The map studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, item HMCMS:FA1999.90.
map type: HantsMap & Blome 1681
Blome, Richard: 1681: Cosmography and Geography: (London): part 3


MAP FEATURES

scroll cartouche    
title    
map maker    
engraver    

image snip from map

There is a scroll cartouche at the title upper left:-
A MAPP of HANTSHIR With its Hundreds
Like much of the rest of the map the engraving leaves something to be desired.
Bottom right is:-
R. P. Sculp
This is Richard Palmer; the map maker is Richard Blome.

orientation    
compass rose    

image snip from map

The map's orientation is given by a compass rose. This has star points for the cardinal and half cardinal points; stubby star points for the false points; north is marked by a fleur de lys. Map north is up on the sheet.

scale line    
scale    
old english mile    

There is a scale line, chequered in miles:-
image snip from map

A Scale of 4 Miles
The 4 miles of the scale line are about 9 1/2 miles! A better estimate of the map scale is got by measuring town positions and comparing these to known positions, now. This was done with DISTTAB.exe, giving a map scale 7.73 statute miles to 1 inch, 1 to 489761. The scale is about:-
1 to 490000 ?
7.5 miles to 1 inch
The map's mile is 2.4 statute miles. It is more likely that the scale line is incorrectly labelled; it is an 8 mile scale not a 4 mile scale. Assuming this then the map mile is an:-
Old English Mile = 1.21 statute miles

sea area    
sandbanks    
ships    

The sea is plain. The sea between the Isle of Wight and the mainland is labelled:-
THE BRITISH SEA
The sandbank off Hayling is drawn in outline with a dotted line and labelled:-
image snip from map

Y Mackett
image snip from map

A single ship decorates the sea; round bodied, one square sail; it might be possible to make more guesses about the type of ship but these would be very rough - it's a carrack.

coast line    
coast shaded    
cliffs    
harbours    

The coast shaded, this extending into river mouths etc.
Cliffs are labelled east of Christchurch:-
image snip from map

Black cliff
A couple of harbours are labelled:-
Hamble haven
Titchfield ha

coastal defence    
castles    

A few of the coastal defence castles are labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Calshott Cast
St Andrews Cast
Ruyns of hasel wroth cast
South Castle

rivers    
bridges    

image snip from map

image snip from map

Rivers are shown by wiggly lines tapering inland. An estuary might be shaded, for example the reaches towards Fareham, or have form lines, for example in the Beaulieu river. The drawing of estuaries is not at all to scale. River braiding is shown, for example on the Test south of Stockbridge. Most rivers are not labelled. Labelling on the map is poorly positioned, so:-
Kings Brooke
near a stream at Up Somborne, may refer to the stream or to the two hamlet symbols nearby.
The relationship between rivers and roads can only be described as 'messy' engraving.
image snip from map

It is possible that two bridges are drawn at Beaulieu, and 1 more certainly at Fordingbridge - neither is there for a road. There is a clearly drawn bridge on the upper part of the Lymington River. There is also a clear bridge across the Enborne at Newtowne; the road from Kingsclere towards Newbury crosses elsewhere.

relief    
hillocks    

image snip from map

There is some indication of relief, shown by hillocks. Examples on the Dorset border west of Ringwood, around Hale, the Sussex border east of Clanfield, and near Popham etc. There is no serious attempt to portray the relief of the county.

beacons    
[ ]eacon
is engraved south of Bistoke; it is not clear what the label attaches to. It could be part of a longer label for Toothill Beacon?

forests    
woods    

image snip from map

There are tree symbols on the map. The woods New Forest has many; there are a few around Subberton where East Bere Forest could be, some around Braughton which could be Buckholt Forest. But they feel a bit 'accidental'.

parks    
Parks are drawn by a ring of fence palings. At least one is labelled:-
image snip from map

Park
south of Lyndhurst. A lot of parks are not drawn. The fences are in need of repair.

county    
image snip from map

The county boundary is a dotted line; pretty blobby engraving. The surrounding counties are labelled, eg:-
PART OF BARK SHIRE
Hardly anything is engraved in the surrounding counties (this is not unusual). Roads and rivers are continued just over the border. Farnham in Surrey is shown.

hundreds    
table of hundreds    

image snip from map

hundred boundaries are slightly finer dotted lines. The hundred areas are numbered, keyed to a table of hundreds:-
Hundreds in Hant= Shire

settlements    
Settlements are located by a circle.
city     circle, buildings, towers; labelled in italic block caps text, eg:-
image snip from map

WINCHESTER

town     circle, buildings, towers; labelled in upright or italic? lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Odyam
Stokbridg

village     circle, tower; smaller italic lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Littleton
Crawley

hamlet     circle; smaller italic lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Owselbury

hamlet     Hook has a cross
Butser hill has a line
Sidmanton has a half cross
Harbridg has a decorated cross
It might be possible to interpret the map maker's intentions; but it might not repay the effort?


roads    
road distances    

This is one the earliest maps of the county to show roads.
image snip from map

Roads are drawn by a double line; the spacing is variable, the lines get tangled in rivers and text labels, etc. It may be that they were engraved last, or were even a late addition. Many of the road segments which are expected on a map of this period are shown; but not all. For example, while the London to Lands End road manages to find its way across the county, the London to Portsmouth road does not.
image snip from map

Several road segments are labelled with a number in a circle, which could be the road distance in miles. It is not made clear where the segments begin and end.
The routes shown, modern place names, are:-
from Surrey, about the Golden Farmer; then Blackwater, Hartfordbridge, Basingstoke, Whitchurch, Andover, Over Wallop, Hampshire; into Wiltshire. [Ogilby plates 25, 26; Lands End road]
branch from Andover, Hampshire; into Wiltshire. [Ogilby plate 32; Barnstable road]
branch from Basingstoke, through Sutton Scotney, Stockbridge, Hampshire; then Lopcombe Corner, Wiltshire and beyond. [Ogilby plate 53; Weymouth road]
branch from Basingstoke, through Kingsclere, Hampshire; into Berkshire. [part of Ogilby plate 81; Oxford to Chichester road, missing from Alton onwards]
branch from Surrey, about the Golden Farmer; across a corner of Hampshire; Farnham, Surrey; then Alton, New Alresford, Twyford, to Southampton, Hampshire AND from Southampton, through Romsey; into Wiltshire. [Ogilby plate 51; Southampton and Salisbury road]
from outside New Alresford, through Winchester, Romsey, Ringwood, Hampshire; into Dorset AND from Dorset through Christchurch to Lymington, Hampshire. [Ogilby plate 97; Poole road, and to Lymington, the section Southampton to Winchester missed]
from West Sussex; through Petersfield, Bramdean, to Winchester, Hampshire. [Ogilby plate 39; branch off Chichester road at Midhurst]
from Petersfield, through Horndean, Cosham, to Portsmouth, Hampshire. [part of Ogilby plate 30; Portsmouth road, missing road to Petersfield]
[Ogilby plate 83 missed, only crosses a corner of Hampshire by Shipton Bellinger]


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HantsMap Notes -- BLOME2.txt
: 20.10.1999
: 9.12.2002