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NOTES from DE BRY'S MAP of the SOUTH COAST of ENGLAND

These notes are made from a photocopy of a photocopy of a reproduction of the chart of the south coast of England, Poole to Dover, amended by Theodore de Bry, from a chart by Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer, 1583, published in the Marriner's Mirrour by Ashley, 1588. The reproduction is of the chart in the British Museum, Map Library, call no. Maps C8 b.4.
map type: HantsMap & Waghenaer 1583

MAP FEATURES

Remember that these notes are made for Hampshire, unduly ignore other parts of the map.
title    
strapwork cartouche    

The title of the map is given in a strapwork cartouche lower right:-
THE SEA COASTES OF ENGLAND / betweene the Isle of Wight & Dover, with / the principal havens [therrof] according / to their situation and Appearing
The cartouche is decorated with flowers and fruit, and a face.

map maker    
Engraved lower left is:-
Theodore de Bry s.
The date of the map is an important year in English history, when information about the south coast was of great value to Spain, trying to support an invasion with its Armada.

decoration    
In the sea there are sea monsters, great fish, and a galleon. The ship is a four masted ?carrack, there is a sprit sail, fore mast with main and top sails, main mast with main and top sails and a yard for one more, and two mizen masts with lug sails. The ship's flag cannot be made out clearly on the copy, it could be a catalan flag??

orientation    
compass rose    
rhumb lines    
up is NW    

The map has a compass rose with star points for the cardinal, half cardinal and false points. Rhumb lines for these and the by points radiate from the rose. The main points are labelled:-
N NE E SE S SW W NW
and north is marked with a fleur de lys.
The map is not quite 'upright', up on the sheet is about NWbyN.

scale lines    
The map has three scale lines:-
English leagues 20 in a degree
with 7 numbered divisions,
Spanish leagues [17 1/2] in a degree
with 6 numbered divisions,
Dutch leagues [15] in a degree
with 5 numbered divisions. These are presented in a strapwork cartouche lower left.
(The size of the original map is given as 19.5 x 12.75 inches, sheet or map not stated, and I make no attempt to calculate a scale from the copied reproduction.)

sea area    
sandbanks    
anchorages    
depth soundings    

(Treatment of the sea area can't be seen clearly.) The sea is labelled:-
THE CHANELL BETWEENE ENGLAND AND FRAUNCE
There are depth soundings in the sea area, presumably in fathoms, ranging from 2 close to shore to 35 out in the channel.
Sandbanks are indicated between the Isle of Wight and the mainland.
Anchorages are shown by a ships anchor (upsidedown?) in the sea between the Isle of Wight and Southampton Water, and at Spithead, etc.

coast line    
coast appearance    
harbours    

It is difficult to see on the copy, but it looks as if the coast line has a drawing of the coast's appearance drawn along its inland edge. At the top of the sheet are three drawing of the coast seen from the sea. For example:-
The opening of the land or Coast of Beache / with the seven Cliffs or hilles
for a drawing of Beachy Head etc. The coast line is not as accurate as it could be. The position of features is all awry.
Southampton Water and Hamble Haven are drawn; Portsmouth Harbour is drawn; Langston and Chichester harbours are missing.
Interpretation is chancy; while the gross information of the chart is fine, I would not have liked to have relied upon it for harbouring!

parks    
The land is decorated, vastly out of scale, with perspective drawings of parks, great houses, etc. There is a large ?sheep in Dorset, and some ?cattle in Sussex.

country    
The land mass is labelled:-
ANGL[I]AE PARS

settlements    
Settlements are labelled along the coast; the copy is not good enough to see what sort of symbols are being used to mark them. The places (Hampshire+) I can see are:-
Poole
Hurst cast
Eling
Hampton
Upham
Tichfield
Porchester
Southwick
Portesmouth
Southsea cast


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HantsMap Notes -- DEBRY1.txt
MN: 17.2.2000
last edit: 23.2.2001