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Fothergill 1900s
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NOTES from FOTHERGILL'S LONDON TO EXETER ROAD MAP, 1900s

  
These notes are taken from the Finger Post road strip map of the road from London to Exeter by Gerald Fothergill, published by George Philip and Son, London, 1900s. The item studied is in a private collection.
map type: HantsMap & Fothergill 1900s
The notes are strongly biased towards a Hampshire interest.
The map is a zigzag of paper between card covers. The map size is: wxh, folded = 9x17cm; unfolded wxh, overall = 17x394cm; wxh, strip maps = 16x368cm, a pair of strip maps side by side; wxh, route map on the reverse = 129x14cm.

Cover

The card cover is printed black on an orange yellow. There is a road scene; at a junction a cyclist is going down the middle of one road, while an open touring car with 4 people, the ladies with wide hats and motoring veils, is turning down the other route. By the junction is a finger post. An enlarged finger post in the left foreground carries the series title and map title:-
PHILIPS' 'FINGER POST' STRIP MAPS
LONDON TO EXETER
and lower down:-
G. FOTHERGILL / ONE SHILLING NET
There is a circular map of Whitchurch at bottom left, an example of the map's style.

4 Maps

Altogether there are four maps. On the reverse of the long zigzag, pasted together from five pieces of paper, is a street map of central London, and a topographical map of the London to Exeter route in black and white with the route and its 'circles' overprinted in red. On the obverse are two strip maps of the London to Exeter route, outward and return, colour printed side by side, opposite ways up. Each strip map is a series of circular maps of the route through a settlement, junction, and so on. The circles are about 64mm diameter, ie 2.5 inches, presenting 1 1/4 miles of roads or streets. Between the circles the road is continued as a double line with a note of the length of the gap - not to scale.
the circles are numbered in sequence; 1..43 Piccadilly Circus, London to Exeter, 44..86 Exeter back to Piccadilly Circus, London. Although the same route is portrayed each way, some circles are drawn for one direction and not the other. The Hampshire parts of the route has:-
         
... ... ...     ...
10 Bagshot     80
11 Jolly Farmer      
12 Camberley     79
  Blackwater     78
13 Hartley Row     77
14 Hook     76
15 Basingstoke     75
16 Whitchurch     74
  Hurstbourne Priors     73
17 Andover     72
18 Middle Wallop      
  Lopcombe Corner     71
19 St Thomas's Bridge     70
20 Salisbury     69
... ... ...     ...
Outward needs The Jolly Farmer map to avoid the turning off to Winchester and Southampton, but for the return journey this is no problem. On the return journey there is a choice to be made at Lopcombe Corner, which does not have to be made outward.

STRIP MAP FEATURES

title page    
map maker    
publisher    
scale    

A title page immediately inside the front cover states:-
PHILIPS' FINGER-POST STRIP MAPS BY GERALD FOTHERGILL.
LONDON to EXETER AND BACK.
Scale of Circular Diagrams 2 inches to 1 mile.
Scale of Street Plan of London 2 inches to 1 mile.
Scale of Strip Map of Routes 3 miles to 1 inch.
LONDON: GEORGE PHILIP & SON, Ltd., 32 FLEET STREET, LONDON, E.C.
LIVERPOOL: PHILIP, SON & NEPHEW, Ltd., 45-51 South Castle Street.
(All rights reserved).

table of symbols    
Next to the title page is an:-
EXPLANATION OF THE DIAGRAMS.
[shading or groups of blocks] Buildings in towns and villages
[square block] Churches with tower
[round block] [do.] [do.] spire
[cross (+)] [do.] without tower or spire
[chequered line over double line] Railway over the road
[chequered line under double line] [do.] under [do.] [do.]
[dotted line] Tramlines [trees and green tint] Woods
[outline and green tint] Parks [dotted outline, tussocks, green tint] Commons
M.S. [milestone] Milestone with mileage
.289 Height above sea level
F.P. [signpost] Finger-posts
[north point] North Point
Where no distance is given the map circles join.
In practice the symbols used are not quite the same, but are easily understood. Alongside is:-
HOW TO USE THE DIAGRAMS
The object of this Route Map is to enable users of the road to know, before reaching junctions on the highways, which turning should be taken in order to follow any one route. This is attained by marking on the diagrams some object, such as a milestone, church, bridge, or inn, either just at the point of divergence, or before it.
On starting a journey, the first diagram should be consulted, a mental note taken of the warning object, and after this and its junction are passed, the next diagram should be looked at for the sign of an approaching junction.
As an example, look at the second diagram of the Exeter road; a statue denotes a turning, and the right hand road is followed as far as Hammersmith; after this we proceed over the tram-lines to Hounslow, when Holy Trinity Church is a sign that the left should be taken.

orientation    
north point    
up is destination    

Nearly all circle maps have a north point; a N-S line with a short E-W line, North marked by a simple arrow. The circles and route in between are printed with the destination at the top of the sheet. The return journey alongside is up the other way; its text up the other way.

scale    
The nominal scale of the circle maps is:-
2 inches to 1 mile
1 to 31680 (nominal)
The gaps between the circles are not to scale.

rivers    
Rivers are drawn in outline, tinted blue. Narrows and braiding are shown. They might be labelled, eg:-
Wallop Brook
R. Anton
Ponds or lakes are drawn in outline, tinted blue.
Bridges are implied by the road crossing and interrupting a stream. Some are labelled, eg:-
Blackwater Bri.

woods    
trees    

Wooded areas are shown by tree symbols over a green tint.

parks    
Parks are drawn in outline, pecked and tinted green. They might be labelled, eg:-
Hurstbourne Park

settlements    
Settlements are mapped with their buildings shown as shaded areas or blocks, or groups of blocks. The settlement name is in block caps, no matter what the size, eg:-
BASINGSTOKE
MID WALLOP
And this lettering might be used for a junction name.
Churches are square or round blocks, for tower or spire, perhaps with a cross, as described in the table of symbols. They are labelled:-
Ch.
Chu.

roads    
milestones    

Roads are drawn by double lines, differentiated by width to show importance, or perhaps size. The main route is broad and clear with a bold edge line, tinted pale brown. The edge line might be solid or dotted, presumably for fenced or unfenced road.
Milestones are marked by a block, labelled as:-
M.S. 26 miles from London

railways    
Railways are drawn by a chequered double line, labelled with the railway company name, eg:-
L.& S.W.R
S.E. & C.R.
Stations are marked by a block, labelled:-
Sta.
Railway bridges over the road are drawn with an archway; under the road no bridge is drawn. Railways for Hampshire are listed below.

miscellaneous    



inns    
Inns are marked along the highway by a block, for a building, and labelled, eg:-
White Hart [Basingstoke, Whitchurch, or Hook]
George Inn [Middle Wallop]


Hampshire Roads

The outward route through Hampshire (and edges):-
circle 10 / Bagshot, Surrey    
10 outward, 80 return; direction SSW.
spot height 229
over LSWR
Cricketers Inn on r.
milestone, 26 miles from London
Bagshot Park on r.
turning to station on l.
over stream from pond in Bagshot Park
Three Mariners on l.
BAGSHOT
Fighting Cocks Inn on r.
turning to church on r.
1/2 mile to next circle.

circle 11 / Jolly Farmer, Surrey    
11 outward; direction SW.
alongside LSWR
spot height 338
junction at Jolly Farmer Inn, left fork to Farnham, go right
spot height 393
woodland on l.
milestone, 17 miles to Basingstoke
1/4 mile to next circle.

circle 12 / Camberley, Surrey    
12 outward, 79 return; direction WSW.
alongside LSWR on l. through Camberley Station
milestone, 29 miles from London
CAMBERLEY
Royal Staff College on r.
Staff Hotel on l.
woodland and ponds on r.
spot height 255
church on r.
turning l. to Frimley
YORK TOWN
milestone, 30 miles from London
6 miles to next circle; crossing railway at Blackwater, and Hartford Bridge.

circle 13 / Hartley Row, Hampshire    
13 outward, 77 return; direction SW.
HARTLEY ROW
Lamb Hotel on r.
Swan Inn on r.
turning l. to Winchfield
woodland and church on l.
woodland and turnings r. to Mattingley
milestone, 37 miles form London
PHOENIX GREEN
woodland on l.
Phoenix Inn on l.
2 miles to next circle.

circle 14 / Hook, Hampshire    
14 outward; 76 return; direction SW.
turning r. to Mattingley opposite
White Hart on l.
turning l. to Odiham opposite
church on r.
Hook Station, LSWR, on l.
HOOK
spot height 280
milestone, 40 miles from London
fork r. to Newnham
cross LSWR
across Hook Common
Dorchester Arms on l. where is
turning to Odiham on l.
4 1/2 miles to next circle through Nately Scures.

circle 15 / Basingstoke, Hampshire    
15 outward, 75 return; direction W.
BASINGSTOKE
along London Street
church, Basingstoke Canal basin, and river ... to r.
White Hart on l.
turning l., Hackwood Road, to Alton
off which fork, Cliddesden Road, to Winchester
Market Place with streets
Note Street [should be Wote Street] on r. leading to Basingstoke Station, LSWR and GWR
Church Street on r., goes under LSWR, to Reading
feature L.B. marking
fork l., Winchester Road, to Winchester
go right into Sarum Road
milestone, 46 miles from London
spot height 301
cross branch off LSWR to Alton
10 miles to next circle, under LSWR main line, and under LSWR salisbury branch, through Overton and Freefolk.

circle 16 / Whitchurch, Hampshire    
16 outward, 74 return; direction WSW.
workhouse on l.
river Test alongside on l.
LYNCH HILL
milestone, 11 miles from Basingstoke, 7 miles to Andover
White Hart on r. at
turning back r. to Whitchurch Station, LSWR, and to Newbury
WHITCHURCH
turning l. to Winchester
church on r.
turning r. to Whitchurch South Station, GWR just before
cross under GWR
5 3/4 miles to next circle through Hurstbourne Priors, and cross railway.

circle 17 / Andover, Hampshire    
17 outward, 72 return; direction SW.
spot height 241
Red Lion on l. at junction
Foresters Arms on l. at
turning r., High Street, to Newbury, and
turning l. to Winchester
ANDOVER
Star and Garter on l.
along Bridge Street
cross river Anton
cross under LSWR by
Andover Town Station on l.
Hotel on l.
turning to Andover Junction Station, LSWR on r.
fork, r. goes to Devizes
fork l. on Salisbury Road
spot height 231
4 3/4 miles to next circle

circle 18 / Middle Wallop, Hampshire    
18 outward; direction SW.
milestone, 6 miles from Andover, 11 miles to Salisbury
MIDDLE WALLOP
George Inn on l. at
cross roads, turning r. to Over wallop and its church
cross Wallop Brook
spot height 255
milestone, 7 miles from Andover, 10 miles to Salisbury
7 miles to next circle.

circle 19 / St Thomas's Bridge, Wiltshire    
19 outward, 70 return; direction SW.
turning l. to Laverstock
St Thomas's Bridge over river Bourne
cross under LSWR and turn alongside railway
milestone, 16 miles from Andover, 1 mile to salisbury
cemetery on r.
cross 2 railways near railway junction
Joins to next circle.

circle 20 / Salisbury, Wiltshire    
20 outward, 69 return; direction WSW.
church on r.
LSWR railway tunnel on r.
along London Road
college on r.
inn on l.
turn r. at Iron School where
straight on is Southampton Road with turnpike gate
SALISBURY
market on l.
at end of street
r. is Castle Street, to Amesbury
go left
Market Cross on l. curve r.
turning on l. to Salisbury Cathedral
County Hotel on l.
cross river Avon
Infirmary on l.
under LSWR with Salisbury Station on l. and small station on r.
church on r.
straight on is Devizes Road
fork left
Lunatic Asylum on l.
1 3/4 miles to next circle, cross LSWR ...

On the return journey there are circles for three other places:-
circle 71 / Lopcombe Corner, Wiltshire    
71 return; direction NE.
milestone, 7 miles from Salisbury, 10 miles to Andover
spot height 365
LOPCOMBE CORNER
right fork goes to Stockbridge, fork left
sot height 449
milestone 8 miles from Salisbury, 9 miles to Andover

circle 73 / Hurstbourne Priors, Hampshire    
73 return; direction E.
milestone 4 miles from Andover, 13 to Basingstoke
woodland on l.
HURSTBOURNE PRIORS
spot height 209
church on l.
cross river ...
milestone, 5 miles from Andover, 13 miles to Basingstoke
Hurstbourne Park on l.
(Milestones disagree.)

circle 78 / Blackwater, Hampshire/Surrey    
78 return; no north point.
common both sides
spot height 231
milestone, 31 miles to London
Frogmore Park on l.
BLACKWATER
church on r.
cross SE&CR, Blackwater Station on l.
cross Blackwater Bridge, over Blackwater River
Three Post Boys on r.
spot height 199
YORK TOWN


Hampshire Railways

Notice that stations are not named on the circle maps.
London and Southampton Railway    
Open 1840; from 1839 it was the London and South Western railway, LSWR. Labelled:-
L. & S.W.R.
The railway lies alongside much of the route, occasionally crossing the road, as far as Basingstoke where it turns south. The stations that are noticed in the circle maps are:-
Hook Station
Basingstoke Station

Basingstoke and Alton Light Railway    
Open 1901.
Shown branching southward off the LSWR at the west edge of the Basingstoke circle map.

Berkshire and Hampshire Railway    
Open 1848.
Shown joining the LSWR at the east end of Basingstoke Station.

Reading, Reigate and Guildford Railway    
Open 1849; part of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway 1899-1923. Labelled:-
S.E. & C.R.
Crossed at Blackwater; shows:-
Blackwater Station

Basingstoke and Salisbury Railway    
open 1857; part of LSWR. Labelled:-
L. & S.W.R.
Crossed by the route just beyond Basingstoke, near Worting, and continues near the route to Salisbury. Shows:-
Whitchurch Station
Andover Junction Station
Salisbury Station (2 of them)

Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway    
Open 1885; part of the GWR from 1923-48, but has been strongly associated with it for long before. Labelled:-
G.W.R.
Crosses route at Whitchurch, where there is:-
Whitchurch South Station

Andover and Redbridge Railway    
Open 1865; part of LSWR from 1862-1923. Labelled:-
L. & S.W.R.
Shown from Andover Junction through Andover and:-
Andover Town Station


Route Guide Map

The map of the whole route is a fairly ordinary topographic map, printed in black and white.
orientation    
up is NNW    

The map is presented on the slant, up is NNW, so that the route, London to Exeter, is down the middle of the long map.

scale    
The nominal scale of the map is:-
3 miles to 1 inch

title    
Printed at the London end is:-
STRIP MAP OF THE ROUTE Showing the position of Circles.

road    
road distances    

The London to exeter route is overprinted in red. Each circle is shown, labelled with its numbers outward and return. Road distances between circles are printed, red, by the route.


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HantsMap Notes -- FOTHER1.txt
MN: 30.11.2002
last edit: 30.11.2002