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Johnston 1900s
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NOTES for HAMPSHIRE from JOHNSTON'S RAILWAY MAP, 1900s

FA2000.2  
These notes are taken from the Hampshire part of a colour printed railway map, England and Wales, southern sheet, by W and A K Johnston, Edinburgh, Lothian and London, about 1900s. The map studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, item HMCMS:FA2000.2.
map type: HantsMap & Johnston 1900s
The map size is: wxh, sheet = 48x37cm; wxh, map = 426x323mm, plus bits outside the border.

Whole Map

The whole map includes, in England - most of Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire, Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, Somerset, Devon, Cornwall, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, Essex, Middlesex, London, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Dorset, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Surrey, West Sussex, East Sussex, and Kent. And in Wales - most of Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Pembrokeshire, Radnorshire, Brecknockshire, Glamorganshire, Monmouthshire.
These notes are about the Hampshire area only.

MAP FEATURES

title    
map maker    

Printed lower right:-
ENGLAND AND WALES (Southern Sheet) ...
and at the bottom:-
Engraved, printed & Published by W. & A.K. Johnston, Edinburgh & London.

orientation    
up is N    

The map is printed with North at the top of the sheet.

scale lines    
scale    

Printed lower right there are three scale lines:-
Geographical Miles. 60 = 1 degree.
English Statute Miles. 69.16 = 1 degree.
French Kilometres 111.3 = 1 degree.
The scale of statute miles is chequered and labelled at 10 miles intervals, with a left extension chequered in miles, labelled at 5 and 10. The 40+10 miles = 65.9 mm giving a scale 1 to 1221050. The map scale is about:-
scale: 1 to 1200000
19 miles to 1 inch

lat and long scales    
lat and long grid    
index grid    

Printed in the map borders are scales of latitude and longitude for a conical projection; chequered at 10 minute intervals, labelled at 30 minute intervals. The map includes from 1d 40m E to 5d 40m W, from 49d 5m to 52d 30m N; plus an inset map for the Scilly Isles.
A graticule, latitude and longitude grid, is printed at 30 minute intervals. This grid is also an index grid. Its 'squares' are labelled A..O (no J) across, h..o (no j) down. The north sheet presumably has a..h.

coast line    
coast tinted    
lighthouses    

The sea area is plain, labelled:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
STRAIT OF DOVER
with smaller areas labelled, eg:-
Spithead
The Solent
Southampton Wr.

coast line    
coast tinted    
lighthouses    

The coast line is tinted blue.
The larger harbours of Hampshire can be recognised but only:-
Langston Harb.
is labelled.
Some lighthouses are noticed, eg:-
L.H. [on Hurst Spit]

rivers    
Rivers are drawn by wiggly lines, some labelled, eg:-
Alre [the Meon]
Itchen
Anton or Test
In Hampshire, all the main river systems are shown with their important tributaries.

relief    
hill hachuring    

Some relief is indicated by hill hachuring. While the shape of the county is not well described by these symbols, at least the:-
South Downs
North Downs
and the edge of Salisbury Plain, are clearly located. Portsdown in missing.

woods    
forests    

Woodland is mostly ignored. In Hampshire there are small tree or bush symbols and dotting for rough ground, labelled:-
New Forest

county    
County boundaries are a bold lone, emphasised by a tint for each county. Hampshire is red, the surrounding counties are - Dorset orange, Wiltshire green, Berkshire orange, Surrey green, Sussex yellow, Isle of Wight red. County areas are labelled, eg:-
HANTS

settlements    
Settlements are marked by a circle or dot and circle, differentiated by style of labelling.
city     dot and circle; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
Winchester

town     circle; labelled in upright or italic lowercase text, eg:-
Southampton [upright]
Portsmouth [upright]
Alton [italic]
Andover [italic]

village    
hamlet    
circle; labelled in light italic lowercase text, eg:-
Over Wallop
Highclere
The choice of places to be included seems to be influenced by what space is available between other features.


canals    
Canals are drawn by a curvy line, bolder than rivers, sometimes crossing rivers. In Hampshire it is possible to find:-
Andover Canal     sort of recognisable from Andover to Redbridge, labelled:-
Canal

Basingstoke Canal     drawn from west of Basingstoke to the county boundary, and onwards. Not labelled.


railways    
Railways are clearly drawn by a bold line with cross lines. In Hampshire the lines built up to 1905 can be recognised, but not the line built in 1925.


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button source item -- HMCMS:FA2000.2 -- railway map

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HantsMap Notes -- JNSTON1.txt
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