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NOTES from KEER'S MAP of GREAT BRITAIN, 1604

These notes are taken from a poor reproduction of the map of England, Scotland and Ireland, ie Great Britain, published by Johannes Jansson, Amsterdam, 1621. The map is originally by Peter van den Keere, 1604, whose plate was acquired by Jansson who replaced Keere's name with his own for the 1621 edition.
map type: HantsMap & Keer 1604
The reproduction is in:-
Shirley, Rodney W: 1991 (revised edn): Early Printed Maps of the British Isles 1477-1650: Antique Atlas Publications:: ISBN 0 9514914 2 3

While it is nice to see the map it becomes tiresome that so many reproduced maps in books are so reduced that it is not possible to view them as anything except pretty things. Maps have content; if you can't read it why reproduce it?
Some of these notes, especially detail notes, are biased towards a Hampshire interest.
The general shape of the map follows Ortelius's map, 1570.

MAP FEATURES

title cartouche    
strapwork cartouche    
map maker    
coat of arms    

Printed upper right is a strapwork cartouche with the title of the map:-
ANGLIAE, SCOTIAE, ET HIBERNIAE, SIVE / BRITANNICAR: INSULARUM DESCRIPTIO
Below this is an oval cartouche:-
Amstelodami / Excudebat Iohannes / Ianssonius. Anno / 1621.
This replaces Keer's original wording:-
Petrus / Kaerus caelavit / &t excudit / a 1604
The title cartouche is decorated with two coats of arms, the harp of Ireland, and the lion of Scotland.

coat of arms    
Printed upper left is the coat of arms of Great Britain; quarters 1 and 4 have the quartered arms of England with France, quarter 2 has the lion of Scotland, quarter 3 has the harp of Ireland.

descriptive text    
Printed lower right is a cartouche of descriptive text surrounded by three portraits in round cartouches, captioned:-
JACOBUS Primus Rex ANGLIAE SCOTIAE et HIBER.
ANNA FILIA REGIS DANIA REGIS ANOLIAE UXOR.
HENRICUS PRINCEPS WALLIAE NATUS 19 FEBRUARII 1593
James VI king of Scotland since 1567, became king of England as James I in 1603. His wife was Anne of Denmark. Their eldest son, Henry, Prince of Wales, died 1612 and the second son inherited the throne as Charles I, 1625.
The text, in Latin, is:-
Ea insula quae hodie duo Regna, Anglicum nempe & Scoticum continet, cum Hibernia illi ab Occidente opposita, & insulis circumjacentibus, ut sunt Orcades, Hebrides, Mona, Vectis & ceterae, a veteribus communi olim vocabulo Britannicae appellatae fuerunt; nomine uti videtur sumpto ab earum maxima, quam singulariter Britanniam dixere idque ab ejus genuino et antiquissimo autochthonum vocabulo Prydain, ut Humfredo placet.
Birds holding roses decorate the cartouche.

orientation    
up is W    
compass rose    
rhumb lines    
labelled borders    

Printed in the middle is a compass rose with star points for the cardinal, half cardinal, false and by points. Rhumb lines radiate from the rose, engraved across sea areas, but no the land. North is indicated by a fleur de lys.
The map borders are labelled:-
Occidens
Septentrio
Oriens
Meridies
The map is printed with West at the top of the page.

scale line    
dividers    

A strapwork cartouche lower centre has a scale of:-
Milliaria Anglicana
This has 60 miles chequered in 5 mile intervals, labelled at 10 miles intervals. Above is a pair of dividers.

lat and long scales    
The borders of the map have scales of latitude and longitude, chequered at 4 minute intervals with marks at 20 minute intervals, labelled at degrees. The projection is trapezoid. The map covers 26d 40m to 13d 20m E on the south border (left); 48d 20m to 61d 10m N on the top border (W). The longitude of Greenwich (estimated, the place is not shown) is about 24d 36m E ie longitude is from about:-
prime meridian 24d 36m W
Which is probably in the Cape Verde islands. The longitude of:-
Winchester 22d 48m E
estimated from the map.

sea area    
sea pecked    
ships    

The sea area is stippled; some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
OCEANUS BRITANNICUS
for the English Channel. The sea is decorated with a few ships, sea nymphs blowing horns, and, lower right, Neptune on a horse holding a trident, accompanied by a nymph, of course.

coast line    
coast shaded    

The coast line shaded for emphasis.

rivers    
Rivers are drawn by wiggly lines tapering inland, not labelled. Hampshire has:-
Stour
Avon with Bourne tributary
Test
Hamble
Meon ?
Wallington
Loddon ?
Blackwater River ?
Wey

relief    
hillocks    

Hillocks are drawn to indicate relief in a very few places; mountains in Wales, the Pennines, mountains in Scotland and Ireland. There is a chain of hillocks for Salisbury Plain, and a group in Cornwall, but little else.

forests    
A very few tree symbols are drawn, for example in Essex south of Cambridge.

county    
County boundaries are not shown, but some county areas are labelled, eg:-
Sout Hampton
Wilshire
Southrey
in upright lowercase text, usually split up on several lines.

settlements    
Settlements are marked by a dot and circle, differentiated by the size of the dot and added features. These have not been studied closely; notes are biased towards Hampshire.
capital     bold dot, circle, towers and cross, and buildings; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
Londen
Note that Edinburgh is engraved as a town 'Edenborg'.

city     bold dot, circle, tower and cross; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
Wynchester

town     dot, circle, tower; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
Alton

Some smaller places are included. The places relevant to Hampshire are:-
Alforde [Alresford]
Alton
Andower
Bewly
Calshot [presumably the castle]
Crystis church
Falcy [Fawley]
Hampton [Southampton]
Havant
Kingsklere
Lymygton
Portchester
Portsmout
Rasey [Romsey]
Ringwode
Tychfeld
Walram [Bishops Waltham]
Wynchester


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HantsMap Notes -- KEER4.txt
MN: 20.1.2002
last edit: 22.1.2002