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NOTES from VAN KEULEN'S CHART of the ENGLISH CHANNEL, c1681

  
These notes are taken from the Nouvelle Carte marine de la Manche, or New Sea Chart of the English Channel, by van Keulen, Amsterdam, about 1681. The chart studied was on display at the Institute of Maritime and Heritage Studies, Portsmouth.
map type: HantsMap & van Keulen c1681
The chart size is: wxh, sheet = 99.5x63cm; wxh, map = 976x577mm. These notes are strongly biased towards a Hampshire interest.

MAP FEATURES

title    
scroll cartouche    
map maker    
publisher    

Printed lower right in a scroll cartouche is the map title in French and Dutch, in two panels. The right panel:-
Nouvelle Carte marine de la MANCHE, Suivant la Carte Angloise, portant de Nomme de Defunt le Sieur EDME HALLEY, gravee pour le service de la marine selon le projet de defunt le Sr. JOANNES VAN KEULEN, & publiee par les fils du dit Sr. G. H. & C. B. VAN KEULEN Hydrographes & Libraires pour la marine & Marchands en instruments de navigation, a Amsterdam, au coin de Pont Neuf, au Pilote coier couronne.
and in dutch in the left panel:-
Nieuwe Zee Caart van het CANAAL, ...

orientation    
compass rose    
up is N    
rhumb lines    

There are several compass roses; North marked by a fleur de lys, East by a cross. The chart is printed with North at the top of the sheet.
There are rhumb lines drawn from the compass roses and other points, in a circle of 16 centres.

latitude scale    
Printed on both side borders is a scale of latitude; chequered in minutes, labelled at 10 minute intervals. The chart includes from 48d 10m to 51d 40m N. The coast of Bretagne, Normandie, Picardie, France; the coast of southern England and Wales from the Mumbles to the Thames Estuary, counties Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Hampshire, Sussex, Kent in England, and the Scilly Isles.

scale lines    
scale    

Printed upper centre are four scale lines; dutch miles, english and french leagues, spanish leagues, and 'suetsche' miles. The english/french scale has:-
Lieues de France de 20 de Degre. - English Leagues 20 for Degree
chequered and labelled in leagues; the first league chequered in thirds, ie nautical miles. The 24 leagues = 186.8 mm giving a scale 1 to 714289 assuming a league of 3 nautical miles of 6080 feet. The chart scale is about:-
1 to 710000
3 leagues to 1 inch
11 statute miles to 1 inch

sea area    
sea plain    
depth soundings    
tides    
sandbanks    
leading lines    
anchorages    

The sea is plain, with depth soundings in fathoms, tidal streams with arrows and times, sandbanks dotted, a few leading lines, and a very few anchorages shown by an anchor symbol. It is possible to recognise some sandbanks in the Solent area:-
Bramble
Middle
Shingles
Horse and Dean Sands
Most of the labelling in the sea are is in Dutch.

coastal defence    
castles    

The coastal defence of Hampshire is shown by:-
Calshot Castle

relief    
Portsdown is drawn as a row of hillocks behind Chichester.

county    
The chart shows no county boundaries, but counties are labelled, eg:-
HANT SHIRE

settlements    
Settlements are labelled along the coasts.


Hampshire Places

Places marked along the Hampshire coast are:-
Christ Church
Somerford
Nash
Milton
Limington
Leape
Owrd
Calshot Castle
Hith
Talton
Southampton
Walston
Shalsha
Bosleton
Hamble
Tichfield
Gosport
Cosham
Portseabridge
Havant
[Washington]
 
Portsmouth
 
Haling

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HantsMap Notes -- KEULEN1.txt
MN: 23.9.2002
last edit: 25.9.2002