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Kitchin 1750
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NOTES from KITCHIN'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1750

FA1997.64  
These notes are made from a map, Hampshire Drawn from the Best Authorities, for the Universal Magazine, probably by Thomas Kitchin, London, 1750. The map studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, item HMCMS:FA1997.64
map type: HantsMap & Kitchin 1750
The map size is: wxh, sheet = 25x20.5cm; wxh, plate = 214x193mm; wxh, map = 208x184mm. The map includes the Isle of Wight; the notes are mostly about Hampshire and the part of Dorset that was then Hampshire.

MAP FEATURES

scroll cartouche    
title    
engraver    
publisher    

The map has a baroque scroll cartouche at the top left:-
image snip from map

HAMP SHIRE Drawn from the best Authorities
Printed at the top:-
Engrav'd for the Universal Magazine
And at the bottom:-
Printed for John Hinton at the Kings Arms St. Pauls Curch Yard

coat of arms    
Half way down the left side is the coat of arms of Southampton, in another baroque cartouche. Labelled:-
image snip from map

The Arms of Southampton
the blazon:-
per fess argent and gules, three roses counterchanged

orientation    
compass rose    

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Lower left there is a minimal compass rose; two lines for the cardinal directions in a circle, north marked by a fleur de lys and east by a cross.

scale line    
scale    

Lower right there is a scale line of:-
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English Miles
ten miles, chequered at 2 mile intervals. 10 miles = 29.7 mm, assuming a statute mile this is a scale 1 to 541867. The map scale is about:-
1 to 540000
8 miles to 1 inch
An estiamte of scale can be made from town positions, comparing known town-town distances using DISTAB.exe. The map scale is about:-
1 to 560000
9 miles to 1 inch

lat and long scales    
scale    

image snip from map

The map borders have rectangular latitude and longitude scales, chequered at 1 minute intervals, labelled at 5 minutes and degrees. Longitude is:-
Longitude West from London
From the scales the:-
longitude, Winchester = 1d 14.4m
roughly. This suggests a prime meridian several minutes west of Greenwich, perhaps St Paul's?
Note that 30 minutes longitude is 102.2 mm, giving a scale of 1 to 544610. The map scale is about:-
1 to 540000
8.5 miles to 1 inch

table of symbols    
The map has a table of symbols:-
image snip from map

Explanation
[circle, buildings and towers, 2 stars] Borough Towns with the No. of Membrs. they send to Parlt. by Stars
[buildings and tower] Market Towns
[circle and flag pole?] [circle] Parishes or Villages
[double line, light bold] Great or Direct Great Roads
[double line, light light] Principal Cross Roads
[single line] Cross Roads
H, Pt. of Hampshire

coast line    
coast form lines    
harbours    

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The coast is drawn with form lines which extend into harbours and river estuaries. As well as Portsea, Hayling and Thorney Islands some smaller islands in Portsmouth and Langstone Harbours are drawn. Only:-
Chichester Harbr.
is labelled.

castles    
coastal defence    

Several of the coastal defence castles are drawn, with a circle, perhaps with a square of building, and with a flag above.
image snip from map

Hurst C.
Calshot C.
St. Andrews C.
South Sea Castle

rivers    
bridges    

Rivers are shown by wiggly lines tapering inland fron their estuary. Some are named, eg:-
image snip from map

Itchin R.
Avon R
Tees R.
All the main rivers are shown, with some tributairies:-
Stour, River
Avon, River (braiding at Ringwood, etc)
Lymington River
Beaulieu River
Test, River (braiding at Stockridge, and Wallop Brook, River Anton, Micheldever stream etc)
Itchen, River (with Candover stream, and headwaters from ponds near Bighton, not from Hinton Ampner)
Hamble, River
Meon, River
Wallington River
Ems, River
Rother, River (and Cridell Stream)
Wey, River (two arms)
Blackwater River
Hart, River
Whitewater, River
Loddon, River (and Lyde)
Enborn, River
Bridges are mostly implied by a road interupting the river at a crossing. To the east of Havant the minor road, a single line, crosses the Ems by a bridge, drawn by a double line arching over the river. Similarly the single line of minor road crosses the Meon at Wickham by a double line bridge.
There is another example at Fareham:-
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relief    
hillocks    

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Relief is shown by groups of hillocks shaded to the eastward. The correspondence beween hill groups and high ground is not easy to follow.

woods    
forests    

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Woodland is shown by groups of tree symbols. Like hillocks these appear all over the map but it is possible to see groups for:-
Forest of East Bere
New Forest
Chute Forest
Pamber Forest (perhaps)
Woolmer Forest (perhaps)
Some of these identifications might be wishful thinking.

parks    
Parks are not a prominent feature of the map. A couple are drawn by a ring of paling fence, named by the hamlet enclosed:-
image snip from map

Dogmersfield
Farnborough
And named directly:-
N Park
is drawn as a hamlet, no fence, within the New Forest.

county    
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The county boundary is a dotted line, Hampshire is the title of the map. Adjacent counties are named, eg:-
WILT SH.
and separated by a dotted boundary lines. Significant places, road destinations, are drawn and labelled outside the Hampshire area; Salisbury, Farnham, Downton, Bagshot, and little more.
The detached part of Hampshire to the east is shown, marked:-
H
explained as Part of Hampshire in the table of symbols. This is bounded by a chain dotted line. It looks as if the area is attached to Hampshire by a dotted line; look again, this is the Surrey Sussex border. Haslemere is drawn at the north end of this area.

settlements    
Settlements are positioned by a circle, and graded by added symbols and the style of lettering.
city     city - circle, buildings and towers with ?flag poles; labelled in upright block caps, eg:-
image snip from map

WINCHESTER
Winchester has two stars, for its Members of Parliament.

town     town - circle, buildings and towers with ?flag poles; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
ChristChurch
which has 2 stars for its Members of Parliament, and is a borough town.
image snip from map

Stockbridge
without stars, a market town.
SOUTHAMPTON
borough town, is an exception, being labelled in italic block caps.

village     village - circle, perhaps a square of building close round the circle, and a ?flag pole; labelled in italic lowercase, eg:-
image snip from map

Sutton [Sutton Scotney]
Boldre

hamlet     hamlet - circle; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Wallop
Burgclear

house     Notice the a house might have the same symbol as a village, eg:-
Mountague H


roads    
image snip from map

Three grades of road are drawn about the county, explained in the table of symbols. The main roads include the Ogilby routes.
25/26 - Bagshot, Surrey; Blackwater, Basingstoke, Whitchurch, Andover, Hampshire; to Salisbury, Wiltshire.
30 - from London; Liphook, Petersfield, Horndean, Cosham, Portsmouth, Hampshire.
32 Andover; across Wiltshire border westwards.
39 - Midhurst, West Sussex; Petersfield, Winchester, Hampshire.
51 - Bagshot, Surrey; corner of Hampshire; Farnham, Surrey; Alton, Alresford, Southampton, Hampshire.
53 - Basingstoke, Stockbridge, Hampshire; across Wiltshire border south westwards.
81 - from Berkshire; Kingsclere, Basingstoke, Alton, Petersfield; to Chichester, West Sussex.
83 - across a corner of hampshire at North Tidworth.
97 - Alresford, Winchester, Romsey, Rngwood, Hampshire; towards Poole, Dorset; and Southampton, Winchester, Hampshire.
There are additional routes.


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HantsMap Notes -- KITCHIN4.txt
MN: 3.9.2000
last edit: 13.5.2003