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Kitchin 1763
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NOTES about HAMPSHIRE from KITCHIN'S MAP of ENGLAND AND WALES, 1760s

FA1997.115  
These notes about Hampshire are taken from a map of England and Wales by Thomas Kitchin, published about 1760s. The map is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, item HMCMS:FA1997.115
The map size is about wxh, sheet=47x39cm, plate 361x359mm, map 349x346mm.
map type: HantsMap & Kitchin 1763 (?)
Notes about the Dodsley map, 1763-64, are taken from an example in Ross Old Books and Maps, with thanks. Remember that these notes are concerned with Hampshire and ignore much of the map contents.

Identification

The map is like the map by Kitchin published volume 2 of:-
England Illustrated, Or, A Compendium Of The Natural History, Geography, Topography, And Antiquities Ecclesiastical and Civil, Of England and Wales. With Maps pf othe several Counties, ... Printed for R. and J. Dodsley, in Pall-Mall. MDCCLXIV.
Which Dodsley announced late 1763. In that atlas the frontispiece to volume 2 has the title:-
KITCHIN'S most ACCURATE MAP of the ROADS of ENGLAND and WALES, with the Distances by the Mile-Stones, and other most exact Admensurations between Town & Town.
in a scroll cartouche decorated with trees, and a harbour with a ship to the left, and ?turnips, sack, flail, and wheatsheaf below. Printed at the top is:-
Frontispiece Vol.II.
and at the bottom:-
Printed for R. and I. Dodsley in Pall-Mall.
This England and Wales map is related to a county map in the Map Collection:-
map type: HantsMap & Kitchin 1763
The example road in the explanation below the title, and the cartouche of county names and numbers, are identical to the item in the Map Collection. The title cartouche is completely re-engraved though with some of the same wording. As far as comparison at a distance is reliable the details for Hampshire on the two maps are the same. It is believed that the item in the Map Collection is a later state of the Kicthin 1763 England and Wales map.
The map has been seen in a map shop ascribed to Walpoole, 1794, presumably the 1794 edition of The New and Complete English Traveller, published by Alexander Hogg, earlier published as the New British Traveller, 1784.

MAP FEATURES

title cartouche    
scenic cartouche    
map maker    

Printed upper right is a title text set in landscape with a grove of trees, a post chaise to the right, a milestone:-
IX From London
to the right. The title is:-
A New most Accurate & Complete MAP of all the Direct, and Principal Cross ROADS, in ENGLAND and WALES, Carefully corrected from Late Surveys: with the Distances by the Mile Stones, and other most exact Admensurations between Town and Town.
The maps shows England Wales; plus parts of Scotland, Ireland and France in outline, with a few border or coastal places.
No where on the map is any note of the map maker's or engraver's names. The style of the map is late 18th century.

orientation    
compass rose    
up is N    

Printed lower left is a simple compass rose; star points for the cardinal directions, lines for the half cardinal directions, North marked by a fleur de lys. The map is printed with North at the top.

scale    
The map has no indication of scale. It is possible to estimate a scale form the size of the map, positions of towns, etc. The map distance from London to Bristol is 91 mm for 174.1 Km, giving a scale roughly:-
1 to 1900000
30 miles to 1 inch

table of symbols    
road distances    

Printed upper right under the title is:-
Remarks
Cities in New Print as London,
'new' appears to mean upright rather than italic, and:-
The Distances on the Roads in Measur'd Miles, between Town and Town as under.
[diagram of a part road with places and distance figures]
The figures added together shew the Distances from London to Wicomb 29 Miles, or from London to Amersham 26 Miles.

sea area    
sea plain    

The sea is plain; some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
Spithead

coast line    
coast shaded    

The coast line is shaded for emphasis.

rivers    
Except for the larger river estuaries:-
Severn R.
Thames River
big enough to be labelled, rivers are not shown on the map. By Hampshire 'Spithead' rather than a river name is given.

relief    
No relief is shown on the map.

country    
England and Wales are not separated by anything except the county boundaries, and are not labelled. The scottish border is a dashed line. Neighbouring countries are labelled, eg:-
SCOTLAND
FRANCE

county    
table of counties    

County boundaries are dotted lines. The county areas are labelled with a number, keying to a table, numbering from the north:-
REFERENCES TO THE COUNTIES
1 Northumberland
2 Cumberland
3 Durham
...
51 Hampshire
...
in a scroll cartouche.

settlements    
Settlements are positioned by a circle, differentiated by added elements and labelling style.
city     circle and tower(s); labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
Winchester

town    
village    
circle; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
Andover
Harndon

The towns included in Hampshire are:-
Alton
Andover
Basingstoke
Waltham [Bishops Waltham]
Christchurch
Fareham
Fording Br. [Fordingbridge]
Gosport
Havant
Kingsclear [Kingsclere]
Lymington
Alresford [New Alresford]
Petersfield
Portsmouth
Ringwood
Rumsey [Romsey]
Southampton
Stockbridge
Whitchurch
Winchester
There are other places as well, necessary as nodes in the road network.

roads    
road distances    

The map has a network of roads drawn by a double line. At this scale only major routes are shown.
Most of the 'Ogilby' routes are shown, missing: a segment of Ogilby 51 between Alresford and Southampton, and the end segment of Ogilby 30 to Portsmouth. There are extra routes: Winchester through Stockbridge to Salisbury; Blackwater through Swallowfield to Kingsclere; and Winchester through Cosham to Chichester.
Road distances are marked in figures beside the road between towns (or villages). Whole miles or half and quarters are given, eg:-
12
8 3/4
The stretch of road from Andover through Lopcomb Corner to Salisbury is labelled:-
The Hull
Route diagram:-
see:- KIT9RTE.txt



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HantsMap Notes -- KITCHIN9.txt
MN: 12.10.2001
last edit: 4.11.2001