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Laurie and Whittle 1806
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NOTES from LAURIE and WHITTLE'S ROAD MAPS, 1806-15

FA1997.102  
FA1999.137  
These notes are made from road maps in the New Traveller's Companion, published by Laurie and Whittle, 1806. The maps studied are in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, items HMCMS:FA1997.102 and HMCMS:FA1999.137.
The map size, plate 3, is 251x304mm set sideways on a double page, paper 320x258mm, folded 160x258mm ie a road book or atlas about 16x26cm.
The map is very 'clean', there is no great litter of symbols; but there is a clutter of roads!
Further notes have been made from a copy of the complete road book:-
Coltman, Nathaniel: 1806: New Traveller's Companion: Laurie and Whittle (London)
The copy studied is in the Box Collection of Winchester College, Winchester, Hampshire, seen with the kind permission of the Fellows Librarian. This copy of the book is half bound, wxh=17x32.5cm.
map type: HantsMap & Laurie and Whittle 1806

ROAD BOOK

The road book title page reads:-
LAURIE AND WHITTLE'S NEW TRAVELLER'S COMPANION Exhibiting A COMPLETE AND CORRECT SURVEY Of all the DIRECT and principal CROSS ROADS in ENGLAND, WALES and SCOTLAND, as far North as Edinburgh, and Glasgow: by Nathl: Coltman. 1806 Published 12th. Feby. 1806 by LAURIE & WHITTLE, No.53 Fleet Street, London.
There is an advertisement:-
THE principal Credit the Author attaches to himself, from the Construction of this Work, is the ease with which the Traveller may find his Way from the Metropolis to any Part of the Kingdom, (as far North only as Edinburgh and Glasgow,) and from one Market Town to another. It must claim a Superiority over any Itinerary, from the Roads being kept so connected, that the Traveller may find his Way to the most distant Part, without the unnumerable references which must unavoidably occur in all Works of that Description:- it likewise has a great Advantage over a Map of England, by the Names of Places reading parallel to the Sight, whereas all the Southern and South-Western Roads in the General map read upside down.h
The Roads inserted in this Work are those usually travelled, from the Metropolis to every City, Market Town, Manufacturing Town and Seaport in the Kingdom; and particular care has been taken to select those Cross-Roads, from one Place to another, which may be travelled with Safety at any Season of the Year.
The Rivers, and the whole of the navigable Canals (for which Acts of Parliament have passed) which intersect the Roads, are inserted to gratify the Curiosity of the Traveller; but, as it is impossible to obtain accurate Knowledge of the intended Course of such as are not yet completed, any Information from Gentlemen Tourists will much oblige the Publishers.
The road book has an 'Explanation' which declares:-
cities [labelled in upright block caps]
market towns [labelled in upright lowercase text]
villages etc [labelled in lowercase italic]
Mail Coach Roads (Direct) [double line, bold light, coloured pink]
Cross Mails [double line, dotted, coloured pink]
Principal Travelling Roads [bold single line]
Other Direct Roads [light single line]
Cross Roads [dotted single line]
Towns and Places which supply the Traveller with Post Horses and Carriages [marked with an asterisk]
Two plates concern Hampshire.
plate 3    
The triangle of country defined by London, Arundel, and Portsmouth:-
Roads to Arundel, Bognor (by Petworth), Chichester, and Portsmouth.
This has three main routes, besides a number of minor roads:-
from London through Putney; to Kingston on Thames, Guildford, Godalming, Surrey; then Liphook, Petersfield, Horndean to Portsmouth, Hampshire.
branch from Godalming to Haslemere, Surrey; then Petworth to Chichester, West Sussex.
There is a 'Cross Mails' route:-
continued from Salisbury, Wiltshire on plate 5; to Cosham, Havant, Emsworth, Hampshire; to Chichester, West Sussex.

Plate 5    
The triangle of country defined by London, Gosport, and Devizes.
This includes five major routes and many minor roads:-
from London; through Brentford to Staines, Middlesex; then Bagshot, Surrey; into Hampshire at Blackwater, to Basingstoke, Whitchurch, Andover, through Middle Wallop, Hampshire to the Wiltshire border; to Salisbury, Wiltshire in the road to Lands End.
branching from the Lands End Road at the Golden Farmer near Bracknell, to Farnham, Surrey; then Alton, Alresford, Winchester, to Southampton, then to Ringwood, Hampshire; in the road to Poole, Dorset.
also from Southampton to Lyndhurst and Lymington, Hampshire.
branching from the Southampton Road by Chawton, to Filmore Hill, Wickham, Fareham to Gosport, Hampshire.
and there is a 'Cross Mails' route:-
from Salisbury, Wiltshire; to Romsey, Southampton, Fareham, Hampshire going to Chichester on plate 3.
and a short branch from Whiteparish; Wiltshire to Cadnam, Hampshire.


MAP FEATURES

(Most of the features were noted from plate 3 which came into the Map Collection first.)
title    
map maker    
engraver    

Printed in the top border of plate 3 is:-
image snip from map

Roads to Arundel, Bognor, (by Petworth) ... Chichester, and Portsmouth.
Printed across the top of plate 5 is:-
Commencement of the Road to the Lands End as far as Salisbury with Roads to Gosport, Southampton, Lymington, Christ Church, Winchester, Ringwood, E.Lavington, and Devizes.
At the bottom of both plates 3 and 5 is:-
ROADS MEASURED FROM LONDON BRIDGE. Published 12th. Feby. 1806, by LAURIE & WHITTLE, No.53, Fleet Street, London. B. Smith sc.
Our copy of plate 5 also having:-
A New Edition, 1815.

orientation    
north point    
up is destination    

image snip from map

Orientation is provided by a simple cross line, north marked by a spear point. The map is arranged 'up is out from London'; London is at the bottom, Portsmouth at the top of plate 3, London at the bottom, Salisbury at the top of plate 5.

scale line    
scale    

image snip from map

The scale of the map is indicated by a scale line 0..13 miles, with quarter miles in a segment -1..0. The scale line is 45.1mm, the map scale is thus 1 to 463891 or about:-
1 to 460000
7 miles to 1 inch

coast line    
coast form lines    
harbours    

The coast line is just a bold line. But in harbours, estuaries an the lower parts if rivers there might be form lines as well:-
image snip from map

Portsmouth Harbour
Southampton Water

rivers    
ferries    
bridges    

Rivers are shown by a wiggly line tapering upwards; in the wider parts there might be form lines. The river may be labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Rother River [near Midhurst]
River Anton
Bridges are implied by the road crossing and interupting the line of a river. The bridge might be labelled, eg:-
Portsea Bridge
by Cosham. Or just:-
Bridge
The river might not be drawn, for example at:-
image snip from map

Stain bridge [near Petersfield]
Sheet Bridge
by Petersfield.
The crossing from portsmouth to Gosport is labelled:-
Ferry

relief    
hill hachuring    

relief is not much noticed, what is shown is drawn with hill hachuring.
Hind Head Hill
Ports Down
are named but have no hachuring or other symbol.
image snip from map

Butser Hill
is shown by hachures with the road going across a flank.

woods    
forests    

There are no tree symbols, but some aforestation is labelled, eg:-
Bere Forest
New Forest

county    
image snip from map

Counties are labelled in block caps spread across their area. The county boundaries are a fine dotted line, shaded by colour on this copy.

settlements    
Settlements are marked by single square blocks in the course of the road, and are not differentiated by size. Although the map is drawn over a whole sheet, not in scrolls, places laid out in their correct position, only places on the major and minor routes are drawn. The size of place is differentiated by the labelling;
city     Block caps text, eg:-
WINCHESTER

town     Lowercase upright text, eg:-
image snip from map

Petersfield

village    
hamlet    
Lowercase italic text, eg:-
image snip from map

Liphook


post horses    
Against some place labels there is an asterisk, on plate 3 in Hampshire in the Portsmouth Road at:-
Liphook
Petersfield
Horndean
Portsmouth
and also, in Hampshire, at:-
Alton
Emsworth
Fareham
Gosport
Havant
and on plate 5 in Hampshire on the Lands End Road at:-
Blackwater
Hartford Bridge
Murrell Green
Basingstoke
Worting
Overton
Whitchurch
Andover
in the Poole via Southampton Road at:-
Alton
Alresford
Winchester
Stony Cross
Ringwood
on the Lymington branch at:-
Lyndhurst
Lymington
on the Gosport branch at:-
Warnford
Wickham
Fareham
Gosport
and elsewhere in Hampshire:-
Christchurch
Botley
Fordingbridge
Odiham
Stockbridge
Sutton
Wheatsheaf Inn
The stars do not have anything to do with returning members to Parliament, as asterisks are commonly ued on maps of this period. The asterisks mark:-
Towns and Places which supply the Traveller with Post Horses and Carriages
as given in the 'Explanation'.

roads    
road distances    
distances from London    
turnpike gates    

image snip from map

The map is a road map, and shows only a limited selection of routes. Although places on the map are plotted in their proper position (near enough) the roads are nearly all drawn with straight segments between the places.
Roads are graded by importance. More important roads are drawn with a double line; the two main routes from London to Portsmouth, and branching off at Godalming, to Chichester. Lesser routes are drawn by a single continuous line, and smaller routes by a single dotted line. There are lengths of double line with one or both sides dotted which denote 'Cross Mails':-
image snip from map

Some places are accompanied by a connecting label, eg at Alton:-
see p.5.
Distances are given at places, not at regular miles along the roads. Distances are given to the nearest quarter mile from London Bridge on plate 3, from Hyde Park Corner on plate 5. For example at Petersfield:-
54 1/4
from London Bridge.
Some of the minor routes have their length alongside the road, for instance the dotted route labelled:-
At least one junction is named:-
Petersfield to Alton 13 miles.
image snip from map

Lobcombe Corner
just outside Hampshire, in Wiltshire on the Lands End Road.
There are miscellaneous references to turnpike; a square dot marking either a toll gate or the start of a stretch of turnpiked road? Examples
Fishbourn Turnpike
Cocking Turnpike
Vauxhall Turnpike
And also
Benge's Gate
And in Hampshire:-
image snip from map

Brookhurst Turnpike [plate 5]

canals    
Canals are shown by a wiggly triple line, light, bold, light. In Hampshire there are labelled:-
image snip from map

Basingstoke Canal
Stratfield Branch
The branch to Stratfield Turgis was never built. Also see:-
Andover Canal
Salisbury Canal
And notice the River Itchen is also labelled:-
Barge River
The Kennet and Avon Canal is shown across Berkshire and Wiltshire.

miscellaneous    



inns    
A number of inns are marked and labelled, they are useful to travellers, eg:-
image snip from map

Wheatsheaf Inn
Leckford Hut
Hill Pound Inn

obelisks    
On Putney Heath there is:-
Obelisk

barracks    
At Hilsea there are:-
Hilsea Barracks


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HantsMap Notes -- LAUWHIT1.txt
MN: 1.2.1999
last edit: 18.5.2003