NOTES from LETTS'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1884
||These notes are taken from the map of Hampshire published by Letts, Son and Co, London Bridge, London, about 1884. The map studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums service, item HMCMS:FA2001.139.|
map type: HantsMap & Letts 1884
|The map is colour printed. The map size is: wxh, sheet = 35.5x42.5cm; wxh, map = 326x404mm.|
Printed in a plain title cartouche upper left is:-
HAMPSHIRE AND ISLE OF WIGHTbelow which:-
LETTS, SON & Co LIMITED.Printed at the bottom:-
LETTS, SON & Co LIMITED LONDON BRIDGE E C
up is N
Printed upper right is a compass rose; no circle, star points for cardinal and half cardinal directions, lines for false points, North marked by a fleur de lys. The map is printed with North at the top of the sheet.
Printed upper left is a scale of:-
English Mileschequered and labelled in miles, with a left extension divided in furlongs. The 12+1 miles = 77.6 mm giving a scale 1 to 269607 assuming a statute mile. the map scale is about:-
1 to 270000
4 miles to 1 inch
lat and long scales
Printed in the map borders are scales of latitude and longitude for a trapezoid projection; chequered in minutes, labelled at 10 minute intervals. The bottom longitude scale is labelled:-
Longitude West of GreenwichAs well as can be read the:-
longitude, Winchester = 1d 18.2m Wwhich agrees with the accepted figure 1d 18.4m W.
The international agreement of Greenwich as the prime meridian was made at a conference in the United States 1884, the year this map was published. It was already well established as a prime meridian in use by many nations as well as Britain.
The map includes from 0d 23m to 1d 53m W, from 50d 31m to 51d 26m N; the whole of Hampshire and parts of Dorset which were Hampshire, and the Isle of Wight.
Printed across the map is a grid, this is not a graticule of
latitude and longitude. The grid is rectangular and divides the
map into 20 cells, 4 across 5 down. The cells are labelled in the
borders; A..D, a..e, making this a simple index grid for
referring to positions on the map. The cells are large; given a
reference there is still a lot of searching to do to find a place
on this crowded map.
table of symbols
printed lower right is an extensive table of symbols:-
EXPLANATION OF SIGNS.
railways ... [triple line, tinted red] Main Roads ... [double line, tinted yellow]
Dangerous Hills (dot indicating where danger lies [red dot and bar]
Canals ... [triple line, light bold light] Life Boat Stations ... L.B.S.
Coast Guard Stations ... C.G.S.
Towns with Population above 20,000 ... [blank space]
Towns with Population above 50,000 ... [blue line]
Towns with Population above 100,000 ... [red line]
Cathedral Cities ... [red maltese cross] Post Towns ... [four blue dots]
Towns where Quarter Sessions are held ... [red square]
Towns where County Courts are held ... [red sword]
days of Week by Towns denote Market Days.
Figures under Towns denote Distances in Miles from London
Figures along roads denote Distances in Miles from Town to Town.
Boundaries of Parliamentary Boroughs shown by colour, and number of Members returnable by dots, thus ... [red dot]
County Parliamentary Divisions by colour, and number of Members returnable by Rings un name of Division, thus ... [red circle]
Names of parishes, thus ... Brook [upright lowercase text]
table of data
The map has several tables/lists of information about the
county, including, upper left:-
Population ... 593,487
Area in Acres ... 1,032,105
Gross Rental ... L3,278,906
Inhabited Houses ... 110,531
Poor Rate ... L31,705
Paupers ... 21,416
The sea area is printed blue with an array of dots; some sea
areas are labelled, eg:-
The coast line is shaded.
Some headlands are noticed, eg:-
Gilkicker Pt.and some harbours are labelled, eg:-
PORTSMOUTH HARBOURAt Southampton there are labelled:-
Docks / PierOn the end of Hurst Spit is labelled;-
Lightfor the ?two lighthouses there.
At intervals along the coast are letters:-
C.G.S.which stand for Coast Guard Station. there are quite a lot, for example at the west end of Hurst Spit, Lymington, Sowley, mouth of the Beaulieu River, Lepe, and places west and east of this group.
L.B.S.stand for Life Boat Station, for example at the south west tip of Hayling Island. The letters are quite hard to see as they are drowned in the sea tint and coast shading.
Some of the old and new coastal defences are noticed on the
[fortifications at Gosport]
[fortifications at naval dockyard]
[fortifications at Portsmouth]
South Sea Castle
Cumberland FortWhat is not shown is interesting.
Rivers are drawn by a wiggly line tapering inland. Braiding might be shown, for example north and south of Ringwood on the Avon. Some rivers are labelled, eg:-
Avon River [Salisbury Avon]
Anton or Test River
R. StourAll the main rives of the county and many tributaries are shown. Following rivers is difficult in this densely drawn map.
Some bridges are noticed, eg:-
Knights Bri.on the Enborne.
Some ponds are labelled, eg:-
Tanners Pond [N of Kings Sombourn]
Relief is shown by hill hachuring. Some hills are labelled,
Longstock HillSome downs are labelled, eg:-
Broad Halfpenny Down
beacons are an irrelevance to the period of this map. But
references remain in placenames, eg:-
Beacon Lodge [W of Hordle]
Beacon Hill [N of Exton]
woodland is indicated by groups of tree and bush symbols,
perhaps labelled, eg;
Forest of Bere [East Bere Forest]
Wherwell WoodNot all forests are densely covered with trees, and undergrowth is suggested by dotting.
Swanwick Elma placename or a tree name?
parks are drawn in outline, the interior pecked, perhaps
having a few trees, perhaps labelled, eg:-
Hackwood Parkperhaps labelled by the house name, eg:-
The county boundary is a dot dash line. Adjacent counties are labelled, eg:-
WILTSHIRERoads, railways, and significant settlements are drawn outside the county boundary to put Hampshire in its context. The transport features continue to the edge of the map border and occasionally beyond, for example Reading is included though it is outside the map border.
table of hundreds
The boundary between thirteen parliamentary divisions is a dot dot dot dash line. The two main divisions are labelled:-
SOUTHERN DIVISIONcoloured pale green and yellow respectively. A red circle under the name of the division indicates the number of members returned to Parliament. The divisions are divided into hundreds, by a dotted line; note that parts of a hundred might be in different divisions. The hundred areas are labelled by a number referring to a table printed lower left:-
The LARGE FIGURES in body of Map refer to the DIVISIONS, HUNDREDS, and LIBERTIES, thus;-
Crondal ... 1
Odiham (part of) ... 2
Holdshot do. ... 3
Bermondspit do. ... 4
Bentley ... 5
Holdshot ... 6
Barton Stacey ... 7
Overton ... 8
Chuteley ... 9
Basingstoke ... 10
Bermondspit ... 11
Odiham ... 12
Evinger ... 13
Chuteley ... 14
Kingsclere ... 15
Basingstoke ... 16
Overton ... 17
Pastrow ... 18
Andover Hund. ... 19
Pastrow ... 20
Thorngate ... 21
Kings Sombourn ... 22
Buddlesgate ... 23
Wherwell ... 24
Barton Stacey ... 25
Thorngate ... 26
Kings Sombourn ... 27
Buddlesgate ... 28
Mansbridge ... 29
Redbridge ... 30
New Forest ... 31
Buddlesgate ... 32
Barton Stacey ... 33
Micheldever ... 34
Mainsboro' ... 35
Bountisboro' ... 36
Fawley ... 37
Bishops Waltham ... 38
Fawley ... 39
Bishops Sutton ... 40
Shaldon ... 41
Alton ... 42
Selbourn ... 43
Barton Stacey ... 44
Fawley ... 45
East Meon ... 46
Alton ... 47
Odiham ... 48
Finch Dean ... 49
Portsdown ... 50
Bosmere ... 51
Havant Lib. ... 52
Fareham Hd. ... 53
Gosport & Alverstoke ... 54
Titchfield ... 55
Bishops Sutton ... 56
Fawley ... 57
Meon Stoke ... 58
Hambledon ... 59
Bishops Waltham ... 60
Mansbridge ... 61
Bishops Waltham ... 62
Baddlesgate [sic] ... 63
Dibden ... 64
Beaulieu .. 65
Christchurch ... 66
Ringwood ... 67
New Forest ... 68
Christchurch ... 69
Westover ... 70
Ringwood ... 71
Fordingbridge ... 72
New Forest ... 73
Breamore ... 74
ISLE OF WIGHT.
West medina ... 75
East do. ... 76Boroughs, towns sending members to parliament, are bounded by dotted line and tinted pink (I think).
distances from London
Settlements are marked by blocks or groups of blocks,
differentiated by style of lettering, and a number of added
group of blocks at the confluence of roads; labelled in
upright block caps:-
WINCHESTER / 63Winchester has a red maltese cross for a cathedral city; is underlined by four blue dots to show it is a post town; has a red sword as a place where county courts are held; has a red square for a place where quarter sessions are held; has two red dots indicating it is a parliamentary borough returning two members to Parliament; and has blue letters for market days:-
W & SWednesday and Saturday.
The figure is the distance from London. The various added elements are not always easy to read, getting lost in the detail on the map.
group of blocks; labelled in upright block caps, eg:-
Alton / 47with four blue dots for a post town; red sword for county courts; and letter:-
Tufor Tuesday market day.
SOUTHAMPTON / 74has four blue dots, two red dots, a red sword, letter F? for Friday market day; and is underlined in blue to show it has a population over 50,000.
PORTSMOUTH / 70has four blue dots, red sword, two red dots, market days:-
Tu Th & Sand is underlined in red for a population above 100,000.
block or group of blocks and a cross (+) for the church;
labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
block or two; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
Middle WallopItalic lowercase is used to label all sorts of features on the map.
Roads are drawn by a double line, solid or dotted for fenced and unfenced edges. The roads are broad or narrow, some have a light and bold line, some are tinted yellow. It is not really clear how the various conventions add up. The yellow tint is declared for 'main roads' but can include a narrow as well as the includes broad roads:-
Dangerous hills are marked by a red dot and bar:-
The figures beside roads are distances, marked each two miles from a town towards another.
Some road junctions are labelled, eg;-
Lobcombe Cornerand less usefully:-
A Cross Rds.on Cranbury Common.
By some roads there are labels like:-
Vernham Dean Gate
Botley Gatewhich may refer to turnpike gates?
According to the table of symbols, railways are drawn by a triple line, tinted red. In practice the railways are drawn by a pair of double line, the rails, with cross lines for the sleepers. In places the cross lines have been forgotten; in other places the triple line is used. The red tint is printed out of registration.
Stations are marked by a dot, and labelled, eg:-
Sta.A railway might be labelled, eg:-
London & South Western Ry.
Canals are drawn by a triple line, light bold light. the
following canals can be recognised:-
from Titchfield to the coast of Southampton Water west of
from Winchester to the head of the Itchen estuary south of
from Basingstoke to the county boundary on the east. The
tunnel is labelled, but not drawn differently. Some bridges can
from Andover to Redbridge, alongside the railway, occasionally
obscured by it.
|Salisbury and Southampton Canal||
from just short of the county boundary on the west to join the
Andover Canal south of Mottisfont. Not shown into
|Portsmouth and Arundel Canal||
from the east edge of Portsea Island into the edge of
A number of inns are noticed, for example:-
Dog & Crook [Timsbury by Romsey]
West Meon Hut
Anchor Inn [Ropley]
With no symbol there is a label:-
Kent Barrowsouth of Andover. The nearby hillforts of Danebury and Quarley are not noticed.
A stretch of road north of Farleigh Chamberlayne is
Roman Roadon the line between Winchester and Salisbury. South of Kingsclere another piece of road is labelled the same, on the route from Silchester to Sarum.
In the coastal area south west of Lymington is;-
There is at least one race course marked:-
Race Cou.on Worthy Down north of Winchester.
|map type Letts 1884 -- menu of resources|
|source item -- HMCMS:FA2001.139 -- map|
|list of map notes|
HantsMap Notes -- LETTS1.tag
last edit: 10.2.2004