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Lodge 1788
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NOTES from LODGE'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1782

B1990.1135.1  
These notes are made from an anonymous map which is believed to be the 1795 edition of a New Map of Hampshire by John Lodge, drawn 1782, first published 1788. The item studied is in the Library Collection of Hampshire CC Museum Service, tipped into a book:-
Warner, Richard: 1795: Collections for the History of Hampshire and the Bishopric of Winchester: (London)

The map is item HMCMS:B1990.1135.1.
map type: HantsMap & Lodge 1788

MAP FEATURES

title    
Printed upper left:-
image snip from map

A NEW MAP OF HAMPSHIRE, FROM THE LATEST AUTHORITIES.

orientation    
compass rose    
up is N    

image snip from map

Printed on the right is a compass rose; circle, star points for cardinal directions, lines for half cardinal directions, North marked by a fleur de lys. The map is printed with North at the top of the sheet.

lat and long scales    
lat and long grid    

image snip from map

Printed in the borders are scale of latitude and longitude for a rectangular projection; chequered at 2 minute intervals, labelled at 10 minute intervals. The top border is labelled:-
Longit. West from London
There is a lat and long grid; just the parallel at 51 degrees west and the meridian at 1 degree north.

scale line    
scale    

image snip from map

The map has a scale line of 10 miles, chequered at two mile intervals, except the first two miles at one mile intervals. Labelled:-
British Statute Miles 69 to a degree
10 miles = 49.5mm gives a scale, assuming a statute mile, 1 to 325120, about:-
1 to 330000
5 miles to 1 inch

sea area    
sea plain    
sandbanks    

The sea area is plain with some labelling, for example:-
image snip from map

Stokes Bay
ENGLISH CHANNEL
Spithead
Southampton Key or Trisanton Bay
Sandbanks and shallows are suggested by a dotted line offshore in the sea which is otherwise plain.

coast line    
coast shaded    

image snip from map

The coast line is shaded horizontally, taken up into harbours and river estuaries.

rivers    
bridges    
ponds    
ferries    

Rivers are shown as a double wiggly line with form lines, narrowing to a single line tapering upstream. The larger rivers are labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Auborn R
Itchen R
A river starts at Eastrop by Basingstoke and flows east and north to Hartley Wespall; a river starts at Mapledurwell and flows north east; these meet head on, going no where!
Some ponds, or lakes, are marked, Alresford Pond for example, some are labelled, eg:-
Fleet Pond
Bridges are implied by the roads interupting the rivers. These are mostly unlabelled, but see, for example:-
image snip from map

London Bridge [at Blackwater]
Red Br
Gr. Bridge [N of Romsey]
Knights Br [Berks border]
Ferries are neither marked or labelled. However, the road layout by Bursledon is very suggestive of a river crossing by ferry.

castles    
coastal defence    

A few of the coastal defence castles are labelled:-
image snip from map

Hurst Cast.
Calshot Castle
Southsea Castle
There are no fortifications around Portsmouth or Gosport.

relief    
hillocks    

image snip from map

The map indicates relief by little hillocks, shaded to the east. These are grouped, a little, but do not clearly portray the shape of the county. There are groupings near the county boundary Liphook-Petersfield and Hale-Bramshaw, for example.
A few hills are labelled, eg:-
Popham Beacon
but no symbol for a beacon, and:-
Basingstoke Down
and:-
Black Hill
Knowl Hill
on the Wiltshire border.

woods    
forests    
vegetation    

image snip from map

Little tree symbols are used to depict areas of woodland and forests, which may be labelled, eg:-
NEW FORREST
East Bere Forest
There are unlabelled, groups, for example near Froyle. Trees are also drawn in parks.
Some labelling indicates commons etc:-
Aldershot Common
Havant Chace

parks    
Parks are shown by a ring of fence palings with a railing; round, oval or irregular shapes. Some are labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Hackwood Park
Fremantle Park
Many are not. Some have a settelement symbol within the park, a circle with a small flag, for the great house? eg:-
Rotherfield
Or it might be a circle plus a cross, eg:-
Dogmersfield
or just a circle, eg:-
Moyles Court

county    
image snip from map

The county boundary is a dotted line. Hundreds are not shown. Adjacent counties are labelled, eg:-
DORSET SH.
The part of Hampshire in the Ambersham area, now Sussex,, is not included.
A very little is drawn in the adjacent counties, Farnham, Downton, Labcomb Corner, for example, just to make sense of the county's mapping.

table of symbols    
There is a table of:-
Remarks
Winchester is a City
Boro-Towns with the No. of Membrs.
they send to Parliamt. by stars [circle and buildings plus the stars]
Market Towns [circle and buildings]
Rectories and Vicarages [circle and cross]
Places where Fairs are kept have
a Line under the Name thus [img]

settlements    
Settlements are located by a circle and graded by extra elements and their text.
city     circle, plus blocks drawn as a great junction of roads with no attempt at a street plan; upright block caps, eg:-
image snip from map

WINCHESTER

town     circle and buildings; upright lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Fareham
Portsmouth
but also:-
SOUTHAMPTON

village     circle and cross ie a vicarage; italic lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Owslebury
Alton

hamlet     circle; italic lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Silver Str.
W Wellow
Clanville

house     circle and a small flag; italic lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Rotherfield
is used for ?great house in a park.

Some labelling shows clear signs of inaccurate copying, eg:-
Dinny Lodge
Henaistbury Head
Sparshelt
Gatfield Saye
Barton Tracey
and misplacement, eg: Emsworth north of Havant and the river Ems missing; Liphook in Sussex.
There is a nice 'silly' from this sort of error:-
Bishops
labels a village symbol, and to its south is:-
Sutton
labelling a separate hamlet.

boroughs    
Borough towns have asterisks on short spikes attached to their symbol; each star indicates a member sent to Parliament:-
Andover 2
Christchurch 2
Lymington 2
Petersfield 2
Southampton 2
Stockbridge 2
Whitchurch 2
Winchester 2

fairs    
Fairs are indicated by the place name being underlined:-
Alton
Appleshaw
Barton Tracey
Bishops Waltham
Botley
Broughton
East Meon
Emsworth
Eversley
Hambledon
Havant
Heckfield
Liphook
Lyss
Mattinger
Southwick
Tangley
Wickham

roads    
image snip from map

A network of roads is drawn; the roads drawn by a double line, not differentiated by size etc.
Some routes leaving the county are labelled, eg:-
from Pool
to London
And one junction is labelled:-
Labcomb Corner

miscellaneous    



antiquities    
roman roads    
roman towns    

image snip from map

Some roman roads are lebelled:-
Port Way
Ikenield way
Roman Way [Sarum-Winchester]
At the end of one road is a circle surrounded by a ring of dots, for the roman town:-
image snip from map

Silchester

gallows    
Just outside the county, in Berkshire, is a small diagram labelled:-
image snip from map

Gallows
north of East Woodhay.


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HantsMap Notes -- LODGE1.txt
MN: 14.2.2000
last edit: 17.5.2003