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Moll 1724
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NOTES from MOLL's MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1724

B1990.1148.1  
FA2002.23  
FA1998.9  
These notes are made from a map of Hampshire by Herman Moll, published in A New Description of England and Wales, by H Moll, T Bowles, C Rivington and J Bowles, London, 1724. The map studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, items HMCMS:B1990.1148.1, further notes from HMCMS:FA2002.23; and a title page HMCMS:FA1998.9.
map type: HantsMap & Moll 1724
The map size is: wxh, map = 258x189mm; this copy of the map has no side panels.

TITLE PAGE

A Set of Fifty New and Correct maps OF ENGLAND and WALES, &c. WITH The GREAT ROADS and Principal CROSS-ROADS, &c. Shewing the Computed Miles from Town to Town. A Work long wanted, composed and done by HERMAN MOLL, geographer. ...
LONDON: Sold by H. MOLL over-against Devereux-Court in the Strand; THO. BOWLES, Print and Map-Seller near the Chapter-House in St. Paul's Church-Yard, and J. BOWLES Print and Map-Seller over-against Stock-Market. 1724.

MAP FEATURES

title cartouche    
map maker    

plain cartouche
image snip from map

HAMP SHIRE By H. Moll Geographer.
The cartouche is recognisable on other maps by Moll.

orientation    
compass rose    
up is N    

The map has no North indicator except the scales of latitude and longitude. It is printed with North at the top of the page.

scale line    
scale    

Printed on the right is a scale line of:-
image snip from map

English Miles
chequered and labelled in miles. The 6 miles = 26.1mm gives a scale 1 to 369164 assuming a modern statute mile. The map scale is about:-
1 to 370000
6 miles to 1 inch
An estimate of scale can be made from town positions, comparing known town-town distances using DISTAB.exe. The map scale is about:-
1 to 400000
6.5 miles to 1 inch

lat and long scales    
The map border's have scales of latitude and longitude; chequered in minutes, labelled at 10 minute intervals. As the top scale is partly obscured it is not possible to judge safely what sort of projection is used; its seems to be a trapezoidal projection. The bottom scale is labelled:-
image snip from map

... West from London
It is possible to estimate the:-
longitude, Winchester = 1d 17.4m W
suggesting a prime meridian near Greenwich?

sea area    
sea plain    
depth soundings    
sandbanks    

The sea is plain; some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
Spit Head
Southampton Water
There are a few sounding lines, dotted, marking the foreshore and sandbanks. A couple of ?shoals are labelled in The Solent:-
image snip from map

Brambles
Midle

coast line    
coast shaded    
harbours    

image snip from map

The coast is shaded for emphasis.
Some headlands and points are named, eg:-
Hengistbury Head
The county's harbours can be recognised, but are not labelled. The two large harbours are drawn with dotted outlines of their main channels, and some islands, for example:-
image snip from map

Whale Island in Portsmouth Harbour.

coastal defence    
castles    

Castles are shown along the coast by a tower with a flag:-
Hurst Castle
image snip from map

Calshot Cas.
Netly Cast
St And. C.
South Sea Cast.

rivers    
ponds    
bridges    
ferries    

Rivers are shown by wiggly lines narrowing upstream, the broad part near the coast shares the coast shading with the sea. Some rivers are named, eg:-
image snip from map

Tees R.
Itchin R.
The lake at Alresford is drawn, shaded, but not labelled.
A few bridges are clearly shown. Examples: at Redbridge over the Test and Eling over the Bartley Water; and at Boldre over the Lymington River. Others are implied by a road crossing; a few bridges are labelled, eg:-
Ivy Br.
in Christchurch, and :-
image snip from map

Sheet Bridg
at Petersfield.
Ferries at Hythe and over the Itchin are ignored, but the:-
Ferry
near Hamble over that river is labelled.

relief    
hillocks    

Hills are indicated by little hillocks, which may be grouped into ranges of hills. The only label is:-
image snip from map

Downes
near Portsey.

woods    
forests    

Clumps of little tree symbols are used to mark woods and forests, perhaps named, eg:_
image snip from map

Alisholt Forrest [Alice Holt]
Bere For. [East Bere Forest]

parks    
Parks are shown by a ring of paling fence. Few are named, eg:-
New Park
in the New Forest, where the engraver has forgotten the fence palings. And:-
image snip from map

Southwike
which is named by its house or hamlet.

county    
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The county boundary is a dotted line. Adjacent counties are labelled, eg:-
PART OF WILT SHIRE
The detached part of Hampshire in Sussex is not shown.

hundreds    
table of hundreds    

image snip from map

Hundred boundaries are dotted lines. The hundreds are keyed to a table of hundreds by letters, A..Z, a..n (Jj and Uu are not used). This is unusual, and seeing how awkward letters are for this task, surprising. Confusingly italic letters a..g, NOT corresponding to the main letter sequence, are used for parts of hundreds. Thus:-
A Andover
B Bastrae [should be Pastrae or Pastrow]
C Evinger
D Bartonstacy
... ...
a. Christ Church
...
a. Part of Evinger Hundred

settlements    
Settlements are shown in various ways; there is no table of symbols, so their interpretation is unsure.
city     circle, buildings; labelled in ?italic block caps, eg:-
image snip from map

WINCHESTER

town     circle, tower; labelled in upright lower case text, eg:-
image snip from map

Rumsey
Alton

village    
hamlet    
circle; labelled in italic lower case text, eg:-
image snip from map

Chilcum
Beriton

Settlements are also annotated with symbols to qualify or change their meaning.
crescent - mostly on towns (but see Hartley Row) possibly indicates a market town, or perhaps a post stage?
star (5 point) - usually on a town which already has a crescent, probably marks boroughs which send a member to Parliament, the number of members is not indicated.
flag - on a tower or circle changes the meaning to house or castle?
cross (+) - marks a town as a city? ie with a cathedral church.

roads    
road distances    

image snip from map

A network of main roads is marked by double lines, with at least one minor road by a single line, the Petersfield, Bramdean, Cheriton route that joins the Alresford to Morestead road. The double lines have either 2 solid, 2 dotted, or 1 solid 1 dotted lines , indicating fenced or unfenced edges. The influence of Ogilby's choice of routes is evident: Ogilby 25, 26, 30, 32 are shown; 39 is shown, but has a minor road from Petersfield to a junction beyond Bramdean; 51, 53, 81, 83, and 97 are all shown. Two extra roads are given: Winchester to Stockbridge; Winchester through Bishops Waltham, Fareham, to Cosham whence Portsmouth.
Destinations outside the county given, eg:-
image snip from map

to Pool
to Bagshot
Notice that these are upside down on the left; they read clockwise round the map, which style is seen on other maps.
Figures on the roads between settlements give distances from place to place. There might be a line drawn across the road as an intermediate distance point, eg from Wickham, 3 miles from Bishops Waltham, and:-
image snip from map

8 from Fareham. In most cases the end point of segments is taken for granted as to be settlement or a junction.

miscellaneous    



antiquities    
No ancient monuments are shown. There is only one roman place name:-
Vent[i|e]
for Winchester (Venta).
Copies of the map are found with side panels which have engravings of antiquities, supposedly of interest to the county. The Hampshire sheet has figures of statuettes of, according to Moll:-
Mercuris
Bacchus
Pallas
Virgo Vestalis
and 3 other unnamed statuettes, and of a coin of Alexander Severus. These are fascinating, but nothing to do with Hampshire! The figures are some of the 19 figures, roman household gods and celtic figures, and a coin, found near Devizes, Wiltshire, about 1714.
The last illustration is two sides of:-
A Saxon Coin struck at Winchester
whose inscription reads, obv/rev:-
EADGAR REX ANGLO~ / LEOFSIC NON AMT
ie: Edgar king of England (Anglorum) / Leofsic moneyer (monetaris) Hampton, Southampton not Winchester.

iron works    
image snip from map

Iron Mines
labelled west of Exbury.

salterns    
image snip from map

Salt works
labelled south of Milford. Are the little lumps meant to be piles of salt?

copperas works    
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Boscomb Copperas H.
ie house, labelled along the shore from Boscombe.


Household Gods

The illustrated figurines on the map are celtic, romano-british, household gods. They were described near the time they were found, 1714, and beautifully illustrated, by William Musgrave, 1719. William Stukeley saw the figurines and said the engravings were 'not at all mended'. Herman Moll's engravings are new illustrations, a quarter of the size of Musgrave's. The figurines, eight of which survive in the British Museum, are described more recently by George Boon, 1972.
button notes: MUSGRAV1.txt -- descriptive text -- household gods
Using Musgrave's numbering, the figurines illustrated by Moll are, as identified by Boon, down the left:-
10. Mars; labelled 'Mercuris'
11. unidentified; holes for ?reins in hands
13. unidentified; holes for attributes in clenched hands; now in BM collection
18. Bacchus; labelled 'Bacchus'
19. steelyard weight, Venus
down the right:-
8. Minerva; now in BM collection; labelled 'Pallas'
9. genius familiaris; labelled 'Virgo Vestalis'
Boon, George C: 1972: Genius and Lar in Celtic Britain: Jahrbuch des Roemisch-Germanuschen Zentralmuseums (Mainz, Germany):: pp.265-269 and plates

Musgrave, William: 1719: Antiquitates Britanno-Belgae & Belgio Britannico, De (vol.1): (Exeter, Devon): vol.1: pp.123-152 and plates


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button source item -- HMCMS:B1990.1148.1 -- map
button source item -- HMCMS:FA2002.23 -- map
button source item -- HMCMS:FA1998.9 -- title page

button list of map notes

HantsMap Notes -- MOLL1.txt
MN: 19.1.1998
last edit: 6.5.2003