button to main menu; 

Map Notes -- 
brief essays about a map in 
the HMCMS Map Collection   Map Notes


Moule 1836
button 
to 1st map described 

NOTES from MOULE'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1836

FA1998.132  
FA1999.85  
These notes are made from a copy of a map of Hampshire engraved by I Dower for Thomas Moule, published in The English Counties Delineated, 1836. The map studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museum Service, item HMCMS:FA1998.132. Snip images are taken from hand coloured example, item HMCMS:FA1999.85.
map type: HantsMap & Moule 1836
The map size is (FA1999.85): wxh, map = 259z196mm.

MAP FEATURES

title    
plain cartouche    
map maker    
engraver    

Printed top centre, plain title cartouche, in border:-
image snip from map

HAMPSHIRE
Printed bottom centre:-
Engraved for MOULES ENGLISH COUNTIES by I. Dower.
The map border is broad, decorated with overlapped wavy lines, like machine turning.

coat of arms    
There are coats of arms of:-
image snip from map

DUKE OF WELLINGTON
motto:-
VIRTUTIS FORTUNA COMES
and several towns:-
SOUTHAMPTON
SOUTHWICK
WINCHESTER
PORTSMOUTH
PETERSFIELD

vignettes    
There is a view of:-
image snip from map

SOUTHAMPTON
from across Southampton Water, printed at the bottom right.

orientation    
north point    
up is N    

image snip from map

Printed upper left is a north point; N-S line; E-W cross line; North marked by a fleur de lys. The map is printed with North at the top of the sheet.

scale line    
scale    

There is a:-
image snip from map

Scale of English Miles.
chequered at 2 mile intervals, 10 miles = 30.5 mm gives a scale 1 to 527654 assuming a statute mile. The map scale is about:-
1 to 530000
miles 8 to 1 inch
An estimate of scale can be made from town positions, comparing known town-town distances, using DISTAB.exe. The map scale is about:-
1 to 520000
8 miles to 1 inch

index grid    
This map has no index grid. Calculations have been made to overlay the National Grid system on the map, see:-
button see:- MLS2NGR.txt

lat and long scales    
There are two discreet marks inside the top and bottom borders, labelled:-
image snip from map

2 [degrees]
which could be taken to be the meridian for the map. This meridian runs through Langstone Harbour and between Basingstoke and Odiham. It is 1, not 2, degrees west of Greenwich. Inside the left border is a mark labelled:-
image snip from map

51 [degrees]
of latitude.

coast line    
coast shaded    

image snip from map

The coast line is shaded, the shading taken into harbours and river mouths, and extended out into the sea. Some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
SPITHEAD
Christ Church Bay
as are some harbours, eg:-
Southampton Water
Portsmouth Harbour
Few headlands are labelled, eg:-
Hengistbury Head

castles    
coastal defence    
fortifications    

Along the coast of the Solent are some of the coastal defence castles:-
image snip from map

Hurst Cas.
Calshot Cas.
Southsea Cast.
Lumps Ft.
Cumberland Ft.
Polygonal lines around Portsea and Portsmouth suggest the fortifications of the naval bases:-
image snip from map


rivers    
ponds    
bridges    
ferries    

image snip from map

Rivers are drawn with a fine wiggly line inland from their estuary. The larger streams, Avon, Test, and Itchen, are drawn with a double line, and braiding shown, for example at Fordingbridge. Some rivers are labelled, eg:-
R. Avon
R. Test
Blackwater R.
but river names are crowded out by other place names.
Bridges are implied where a road crosses, and interupts, a river. Some are labelled, eg:-
St. Leonards Bridge
Hartford Br.
Ponds are drawn as outline with shading, examples, near Fleet, in Paulton's Park, in Hurstbourne park by Whitchurch.
A ferry might be labelled, eg:-
Ferry
over the Beaulieu River from Ginns to Exbury. The ferry over the Itchen at Southampton is not shown.

relief    
hill hachuring    

image snip from map

A limited amount of the county's relief is shown by hill hachuring; it does not provide a reliable view of the bones of the county. None of the hills seem to be labelled; no beacons are noticed.

woods    
forests    

image snip from map

The
NEW FOREST
is clearly labelled, and decorated with grass and tussock symbols, bushes and trees. Elsewhere little tree symbols are used very sparingly, in enclosures, but notice:-
Freefolk Wood
None of the other great forests are noticed.

parks    
Parks are drawn as a dotted area enclosed by a line with vestigial fence palings; there may be a little tree symbol or two. The park may be labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Paulton Park
Bramshill Park
or are named by a house, eg:-
Hawley Ho.
Redenham Ho.
but may or may not be a formally emparked area.

county    
image snip from map

The county boundary is a circle dash line. The detached part of Hampshire in Sussex is shown.
Contiguous counties are labelled, eg:-
WILTSHIRE
Outside the county some relevant settlements, roads, etc, are shown and may be labelled, eg Poole, Wimborne, Salisbury, Downton. Chichester is drawn on the London-Chichester road, but is not labelled.

hundreds    
electoral data    

A dot dash line, divides the county into South and North Divisions, electoral areas.
Fine dotted lines divide the county into hundreds. The hundred areas are keyed by arabic numbers to a table of hundreds in two series:-
REFERENCES / to the / HUNDREDS & LIBERTIES
The numbers run in two series, 1..24 in the North Division, 1..23 in the South Division (asking for confusion), and:-
This sign [asterisk] denotes that that part of the Hundred belongs to the Hundred having the same sign and figure although in a different Division.
For example:-
image snip from map

5 [star]
north of Exton labels this area as part of Barton Stacey Hundred in the Northern Division.

settlements    
street map    

Rectangular blocks are used to mark settlements. Places are differentiated by style of labelling.
city     Rectangular blocks grouped along streets; labelled in italic block caps, eg:-
image snip from map

WINCHESTER

town     Larger towns have groups of rectangular blocks, perhaps with streets as at Southampton; a larger town may be marked with a cross (+) as well; labelled in italic block caps, eg:-
image snip from map

PETERSFIELD
ANDOVER
Smaller towns have groups of rectangualr blocks, along road(s), and perhaps with a cross (+); labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Havant
Alton

village     Rectangular blocks on a road, or not, or maybe just a cross (+); labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Selbourne
Lower Worldham
Twyford


roads    
Roads are drawn with a double line. The lines may be continuous or dotted, presumably indicating fenced and unfenced. At least two widths of road are shown. Many (most? all?) of the major roads are drawn with light and bold line.

canals    
image snip from map

Canals are drawn with a triple line, light bold light, and might be labelled. The following canals are noticed:-
Basingstoke Canal     from Basingstoke to the Surrey border; the Greywell tunnel is dotted; labelled:-
Basingstoke Can.

Andover Canal     from Andover to Redbridge; labelled:-
Andover & Stockbridge C.

Salisbury and Southampton Canal     from the river outside Salisbury to join the Andover Canal; not to Southampton.

Itchen Navigation     from the Itchen at about Compton to the head of the Itchen estuary near South Stoneham.

Titchfield Canal     drawn as a second river from Titchfeidl to The Solent at Hillhead.


miscellaneous    



salterns    
Outlines and labelled on the coast south of Lymington is:-
image snip from map

Salt Works

monuments    
The Rufus Stone to the west of Cadnam in the heathland is labelled:-
Rufuss Stone

telegraphs    
SW of Bramshaw is:-
Telegraph


button map type Moule 1836 -- menu of resources
button source item -- HMCMS:FA1998.132 -- map
button source item -- HMCMS:FA1999.85 -- map

button list of map notes

HantsMap Notes -- MOULE1.txt
MN: 15.12.1999
last edit: 22.5.2003