button to main menu; 

Map Notes -- 
brief essays about a map in 
the HMCMS Map Collection   Map Notes


Parker 1777
button 
to 1st map described 

NOTES from a PARKER'S MAP of the BASINGSTOKE CANAL, 1777

KD1992.289  
These notes are taken from a Plan of the Intended Navigable Canal from Basingstoke to the River Wey, surveyed by Joseph Parker, engraved by William Faden, 1777. The map studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, item HMCMS:KD1992.289.
map type: HantsMap & Parker 1777
The map size is: wxh, sheet 82x29.5cm; wxh, plate 804x283mm approx; wxh, map 790x297mm.
Do note that detail observations will be focused on Hampshire, perhaps missing features in Surrey.

MAP FEATURES

title    
map maker    
engraver    

Printed at the top is:-
A PLAN of the intended Navigable Canal from BASINGSTOKE to the RIVER WEY. / Engraved by Wm. Faden, Charing Cross. / [scale line] / Surveyed by Joseph Parker.

orientation    
compass rose    
up is E    

A minimal compass rose is printed lower right. There are lines for the cardinal directions in a plain circle; North marked by a half fleur de lys. The map is printed with North at the top approximately, it's about NNW up. The canal runs roughly east-west across the wide sheet.

scale line    
scale    

Below the title, upper centre, is a:-
SCALE OF MILES.
this has 8 furlongs marked and numbered to the left, and two miles marked and numbered to the right. 3 miles = 65.1 mm gives a scale 1 to 74163 assuming a statute mile. The map scale is about:-
1 to 74000
1.2 miles to 1 inch.

rivers    
ponds    

Rivers are drawn by wiggly line, and might be labelled, eg:-
River Deepford
River Lodon
at the head of which ponds are drawn with form lines, labelled:-
Newram Springs
Fleet Pond
is also drawn with form lines filling its area, and the ponds in Dogmersfield Park are shown. Several of the Hampshire rivers are crossed by the canal on its contour route. The River Wey is larger and is drawn wider with form lines, labelled:-
Wey River
There are no mills shown in Hampshire; there are some in Surrey.

relief    
hill hachuring    

A ridge of hill from Greywell north to Rotherwick and Turgis is shown by hachures. The canal loops around much of this, but a tunnel is also drawn through the ridge at Greywell. Other hills are shown to the south of the canal between Crookham and Aldershot, and more in Surrey.

woods    
forests    

Not shown.

parks    
Parks near the canal's proposed route are shown as an outline and labelled as a park or by the great house. In Hampshire are:-
Hackwood
Tylney Hall
Dogmersfield Park
and further from the canal's line:-
Heckfield Park
Elvetham Park
Bramshill Park

county    
The boundary between Hampshire and Surrey is a dotted line, labelled:-
County Boundary
The two areas are labelled:-
HAMPSHIRE
SURREY

settlements    
street map    

Settlements are shown by groups of blocks which might make a street plan in larger places, Basingstoke for example. A church might be used to mark a small place. Places by the canal are shown, together with a few places around to orientate the map reader and to show who would be served by the canal. Labelling is either upright lowercase, eg:-
Basingstoke
or italic lowercase, eg:-
Odiham
Greywell
which is also used for any other feature label.

roads    
Roads are drawn by a double line, solid or dotted, but only to where it crosses the canal, or to show the street plan of a settlement.

canals    
table of distances    

The course of the canal is from Basingstoke to the River Wey which it joins near New Haw. The route continues as the Wey Navigation to join the Thames near Weybridge, giving access to towns on that river, to London and beyond. The first part of the canal is a contour canal cutting across the valleys of the Loddon and other streams, making a long loop around hills around Newnham, passing close by Odiham, to the Hampshire Surrey county boundary at Dead Brook near Aldershot. An alternative route with a tunnel at Greywell to cut the loop short is drawn; and a short branch is shown to Stratfield Turgis at the north end of the loop. After a further stretch of contour route to about Pirbright, Surrey, the canal falls 204 feet down tributary valleys of the Wey, passing close by Woking, to the River Wey near Woodham or New Haw. A table of distances printed lower left gives, in miles chains and furlongs:-
From Basingstoke to Aldershot near Deadbrook ... 28 2 5
declared as 'level'
From thence to the River Wey ... 15 5 3
declared fall 204 feet 4 inches.
[total] ... ... 43 7 8
Collateral cut ... 1 2 0
The canal eventually cut used the tunnel route, 1200 yards at Greywell, had no branch to Turgis, and - at a superficial glance - follows a slightly different route beyond Ash. It is 37 miles long, falls 195 feet, has 29 locks. It has a stop lock at Greywell, not counted; a step down at Ash Lock near Aldershot, Hampshire, to a new contour; then series of locks around Pirbright, Horsell and Woodham, Surrey, 28 more.
canal bridges     Canal bridges are shown by the double line of a road crossing the canal. Presumably all the road crossings are indicated, but it is likely that there would be a number more accommodation bridges as well.

canal locks     The canal locks are not indicated, perhaps the survey is not that accurate. The canal that was cut had 29 locks, mostly in Surrey.
One lock on the Wey Navigation is marked and labelled:-
Newhaw Lock
There are others, not marked.

     There are some unidentified letters and numbers marked along the canal. A series of letters, eg:-
B by a straight stretch at Hook Common
E by a road bridge near Dogmersfield
E by another road bridge near Dogmersfield
The letters are in alphabetical order A..H, but not all letters have been found, no D, no G; some letters repeat, C, C, C for instance; they are not always by the same sort of feature.
There are many more numbers, starting at 1 near Basingstoke. They are sort of in order: 1 2 2 3 4 3 5 3 6 5 4 7 8 9 10 11 12 and so on. They do not represent distances or lengths and cannot denote height; they are placed between marks across the canal - and all segments have either a number or a letter. A separate sequence of lowercase letters is used for the alternate tunnel route, a..k; and a separate set is used up the possible Turgis branch, 1..8.
There must be a printed schedule belonging to the map to make sense of these labels.



button map type Parker 1777 -- menu of resources
button source item -- HMCMS:KD1992.289 -- canal map

button list of map notes

HantsMap Notes -- PARKER1.txt
MN: 8.1.2002
last edit: 8.1.2002