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Potts 1809
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NOTES from POTTS'S MAP of ENGLAND AND WALES, 1809

FA2001.186.1  
These notes, relevant to Hampshire, are taken from a New Map of England and Wales, published in Potts' New Gazetteer, by Scatcherd and Letterman, Ave Maria Lane, London, 1809. The map studied is in the Map Collection, Hampshire CC Museums Service, item HMCMS:FA2001.186.1
map type: HantsMap & Potts 1809
The gazetteer in the Map Collection appears to be a ?second edition, published by F C and J Rivington, London, 1810.
The map size is wxh, sheet = 45x57.5cm.

MAP FEATURES

Remember that these notes are biased toward Hampshire interest.
title    
map maker    
publisher    

Printed upper right is:-
A NEW MAP of ENGLAND & WALES, Engraved for POTTS' NEW GAZETTEER.
Published Novr. 1st. 1809. for Scatcherd and Letterman Ave Maria Lane. and the other proprietors.
This is one of two maps in the gazetteer; the other map shows canals and navigable rivers:-
see:- POTTS2.txt

table of symbols    
There is a minimal table of symbols printed below the title, upper right:-
EXPLANATION
Roads ... [double line]
Rivers ... [wiggly line]
Boundaries of Counties ... [dotted line]

scale    
scale line    

Printed lower right is a:-
Scale of Miles
The scale,line is chequered in miles labelled at 5 and 10, then chequered and labelled at 10 mile intervals. The 70 miles = 86.0 mm giving a scale 1 to 1309931. The map scale is about:-
1 to 1300000
21 miles to 1 inch

orientation    
up is N    

The map is printed with North at the top of the page. There is no compass rose or other indicator.

lat and long scales    
Printed in the map borders are scales of latitude and longitude; chequered at 10 minute intervals, labelled at degrees. Although the divisions looked slanted on top and bottom scales the projection seems to be rectangular. The map includes from 1d 40m E to 5d 40m W, from 45d 55m to 55d 55m N; England and Wales, an outline of Scotland up to Edinburgh, and the edges of Ireland and France.
The prime meridian is a little east of London, but perhaps no at Greenwich. The approximate:-
longitude, Winchester = 1d 12m W
which conforms to this estimate.

sea area    
sea plain    

The sea is plain; some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
Southampton W.
Spithead

coast line    
coast shaded    
headlands    

The coast line is shaded for emphasis.
Along the coast headlands might be labelled. While Portsmouth Harbour can be recognised it and other harbours are not labelled.

rivers    
Rivers are drawn by wiggly lines tapering inland. The major river of Hampshire are mostly included with some tributaries. Looking closely they are not as accurate as they might be. For instance: the Test has the Wallop and Dever tributaries, and is shown coming down from the St Mary Bourne direction, ie what is now called the Bourne Rivulet; the Test through Whitchurch etc is missing. The Wallington River is missed. The Loddon system looks less 'complete' than it might be. The treatment of the Meon at its mouth has two sizeable estuaries side by side. Unusually, the Bourne that crosses the NW corner of the county is shown. Some rivers are labelled, for Hampshire:-
Stour R.
R. Avon
R. Bourne
Wey R.

relief    
No relief is shown.

county    
County boundaries are fine dotted lines. The county areas are labelled, often by an abbreviation, eg:-
HANTS
The detached part of Hampshire in Sussex is drawn, but wrongly. Part of its boundary is missed and it appears as an extension of Surrey. Another detached piece, on the north border of Hampshire, is labelled:-
P. of Wilts

settlements    
Settlements, cities and towns, are located by a circle or dot and double circle, differentiated by the mark and by style of lettering. Only larger places are shown.
city     bold dot and double circle; labelled in upright block caps, eg:_
WINCHESTER

town     circle; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
Southampton
Alton


roads    
A network of roads is drawn by double lines. The network does not include all the older established routes, does include some of the newer roads, and has some unexpected gaps. Only a diagram can demonstrate this.
Route diagram:-
see:- POT1RTE.txt



Hampshire Towns

In Hampshire the map shows the expected 21 places:-
Alton
Andover
Basingstoke
Bishops Waltham
Christ Church
Fareham
Fordingbridge
Gosport
Havant
Kingsclere
Lymington
New Alresford
Odiham
Petersfield
Portsmouth
Ringwood
Romsey
Southampton
Stockbridge
Whitchurch
WINCHESTER

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HantsMap Notes -- POTTS1.txt
MN: 17.7.2002
last edit: 18.7.2002