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Ramble 1845
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NOTES from RAMBLE'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1845

FA2000.45  
These notes are from the map of Hampshire drawn by R Miller, 24 Old Fish Street, London, about 1810, published in Reuben Ramble's Travels through the Counties of England, published by Darton and Clark, 58 Holborn Hill, London, 1845.
map type: HantsMap & Ramble 1845
The map size is: wxh, sheet = 16.5x12cm; wxh, map = 70x108mm.

PICTORIAL SURROUND

The map has a pictorial surround, hand coloured. There are scenes of Portsmouth Harbour with a cannon on the fortifications and ships, Netley Abbey ruins, the death of William Rufus in the New Forest, some Hampshire hogs, and antiquities found in the county. The surround makes the map quite distinctive; the map maker and publisher have not printed their names.

MAP FEATURES

title    
Printed lower left is:-
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HAMPSHIRE

orientation    
north point    
up is N    

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Printed upper left is a north point; N-S line; North marked by a fleur de lys; E-W cross line. The map is printed with north at the top of the sheet.

scale line    
scale    

Printed lower right is a:-
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Scale of Miles
chequered at 2 miles intervals; on this 10 miles = 11.9mm, giving a scale 1 to 1352390, ie the map scale, perhaps E-W only, is about:-
1 to 1400000
21 miles to 1 inch
But, the map is distorted, stretched out in N-S direction. The latitude scale gives a quite different estimate of scale, 40 minutes latitude = 77.1mm, giving 1 to 962545, the map scale N-S is about:-
1 to 960000
15 miles to 1 inch

lat and long scales    
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Printed in the map borders are scales of latitude and longitude. These appear to be drawn for a trapezoid projection, which is barely worthwhile on such a small map.
The map includes from 0d 42m to 1d 46m W, from 50d 34m to 51d 25m N; the whole of Hampshire and the Christchurch area of Dorrset, and the Isle of Wight.

sea area    
sea plain    

The sea is plain. Some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
THE SOLENT

coast line    
coast shaded    

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The coast is emphasisied by shading which extends into harbours and river estuaries.

rivers    
ponds    

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Rivers are drawn by wiggly lines, fairly thin above their estuaries. None are labelled. There are some very confused river lines in the Blackmoor area.
Fleet Pond
is labelld and drawn; some other ponds are labelled, eg:-
Blackmoor Ponds
Frensham Pond

relief    
Relief is not shown.

woods    
forests    

There are no tree symbols for wooded areas, but some woods or forests are noticed by labelling, eg:-
Holt Forest
Forest of East Bere
The New Forest is not labelled.

parks    
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Some parks are drawn by a ring of fence palings with a pecked interior fill. Hardly any are labelled? but see:-
Bisley Park
on the north east border.

county    
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The county boundary is a dotted line. Adjacent counties are labelled, eg:-
WILTSH

settlements    
Settlements are positioned by a block or two and differentiated by text style.
city    
town    
small group of blocks on the roads; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
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Winchester
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Alton
Odiham

village     a block, perhaps; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
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Shalldon
Burriton


roads    
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A network of roads is shown; roads drawn by a double line.


DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

The map is accompanied by descriptive text:-
HAMPSHIRE
HAMPSHIRE contains 354,000 inhabitants: its capital is the city of Winchester. The county includes the Isle of Wight.
The scenery of Hampshire is very pretty and interesting: The North part abounds with long chalk ridges and beech woods; while a great part of the Southern half of the county is occupied by the New Forest, which is one of the noblest forests in England. It was either originally planted or very much enlarged by William the Conqueror, who (it is said) tyrannically turned out a great many people from their homes and destroyed many churches, in order that he might have his way, and get a good place to hunt in. His son, William Rufus, was killed while hunting in this forest. An arrow, shot by a gentleman named Walter Tyrell, glanced against a tree, and shot the king in his breast.
The New Forest is famous for fine pigs, and a very useful hardy sort of ponies, which are bred there: it also abounds with deer. The scenery in it is some of the finest of its kind in the country.
Winchester is a very fine old city, and few places contain a greater number of interesting buildings. The Cathedral is large, and built in a grand style, and is of very great antiquity. The College is also a fine old building. There is a very beautiful Cross, and several fine Churches; and at the distance of about a mile and a-half, stands the Hospital of St. Cross, which is a delightful place, built for the accommodation of a certain number of old men, who have a weekly allowance of money. The custom is kept up here of giving, to all who ask for it, a slice of bread and half-a-pint of good beer. What I have mentioned are not half the curiosities of Winchester, which was a very famous place in the time of the Saxons, and existed long before they came to England.
Southampton is a very handsome town, with a fine port and very ancient walls. In the principal street there is a fine gate of great antiquity called Bargate, and over it are the pictures of two giants. Near Southampton are the beautiful ruins of Netley Abbey.
Portsmouth, Portsea and Gosport are three towns close together, with a fine harbour, and extensive dock-yards for the building of ships of war. Portsmouth is very strongly fortified.
One can sense the intended child audience of this publisher ...

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HantsMap Notes -- RAMBLE1.txt
MN: 25.9.2001
last edit: 23.6.2003