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Rocque 1746
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NOTES from ROCQUE'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1746

FA2000.8.1  
FA1999.102  
These notes are made from the map of Hampshire by John Rocque, 1746, published in the Small British Atlas by John Rocque, 1753. The map studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, item HMCMS:FA2000.8.1; images are taken from an identical item HMCMS:FA1999.102.
map type: HantsMap & Rocque 1746

MAP FEATURES

title    
image snip from map

The map title is printed across the top:-
HAMP-SHIRE.

orientation    
compass rose    

image snip from map

The map has a compass rose, upper left, with star points for the cardinal and half cardinal directions. North is marked by a fleur de lys.

scale line    
scale    

There is a scale line:-
image snip from map

English Miles
Six miles chequered at one mile intervals. 6 miles = 24.6 mm, assuming a modern mile this gives a scale 1 to 392522. The map scale is about:-
1 to 390000
6 miles to 1 inch

sea area    
sea plain    
sandbanks    

The sea are is plain. Either side of the Isle of Wight the sea is labelled:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
The sea area from the mouth of the Test to the sea is:-
Hampton Water
Also see
Spit Head
The foreshore mud or sand flats and some sandbanks are shown by a dotted outline, some labelled, eg:-
Brambles
Middle

coast line    
coast shaded    
headlands    
harbours    
islands    

image snip from map

The coast line is emphasised by shading which extends into harbours and up river estuaries.
Some headlands are labelled, eg:-
Hengistbury Head
Stanes Ore Point
Rams Head
Harbours are not labelled.
As well as the three large islands, Portsea, Hayling, Thorney, a few smaller islands are drawn in Portsmouth and Langstone Harbours.

castles    
coastal defence    

The coastal defence castles are shown, perhaps just by a circle, but perhaps with a flag.
Hurst cast.
Calshol Cast
Netly C.
St. And [C.]
South Sea Castle

rivers    
bridges    

image snip from map

Rivers are drawn by wiggly lines tapering inland from their estuary. They are mostly unnamed, but see:-
Avon R.
The major river systems in the county are drawn, main streams and tributaries, as can be fitted in at this scale.
Bridges are mostly implied where a road crosses a river, and interupts its course. A couple of bridges are drawn more explicitly by a segment of road, ie a double line, detached from the more important road system, as at Boulder - connecting a hamlet circle either side of the Lymington River, and at Redbridge - joining Redbridge to Totton to Eling over the River Test etc.

relief    
hillocks    

Hillocks are used sparingly, in groups, to show areas of downland. There is a group south east of Winchester; a small group in the New Forest; a ridge north of Micheldever; and north of Portsea is a line of hillocks labelled:-
image snip from map

Downes

woods    
forests    

image snip from map

Woodland is shown by groups of tree symbols, some labelled, eg:-
The New Forest
Bere Forest / East Bere For
Alisholt Forest
Wulmer For
Pamber For
Buckholt For.
Chuteham Forest

parks    
A number of parks are drawn on the map, perhaps fewer than earlier maps. They are mostly shown by their boundary of a paling fence in perspective, the shapes and sizes different. Some are named, eg:-
New Park
in the New Forest, which, like Marwell Park, lacks its fence palings. This 'error' is copied from an earlier map.
A park might be named by an included settlement or house, eg:-
image snip from map

Dogmersfield

county    
image snip from map

The county boundary is a dotted line emphasised by horizontal shading. Contiguous conties are labelled, eg:-
WILT SHIRE
PART OF DORSET SH.
A little is drawn in the surrounding counties, Salisbury, Chichester, Farnham, Downton and some rivers and parts of roads.
The boundaries between the outside counties are not drawn except a dotted line between Surrey and West Sussex. The detached part of Hampshire in West Sussex is not included.

hundreds    
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Hundred boundaries, dotted lines, are drawn on the map but the hundreds are neither labelled by name or by any key to a table. (I think they are hundred boundaries.)

settlements    
Settlements are positioned by a circle and graded by additional features and their style of labelling. There is no table of symbols but the following is a likely interpretation:-
city     circle, towers; labelled in italic block caps, eg:-
image snip from map

WINCHESTER

town     circle, tower; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Alesford
Ringwood
The size of the text is sometimes reduced to fit the name in a space on the map. Thus 'Farnham', a mispelling of Fareham, is quite small text tho' the symbol is clearly for a town.
larger towns have two towers (Winchester has three), eg:-
Southampton
And towns returning members to Parliament have stars showing the number of representatives; for instance Southampton has 2 stars, as has Winchester, etc.

village     circle; labelled in italic lowercase, eg:-
image snip from map

Exton
W.Wordelam
Villages are not differentiated from hamlets.
There are some nice spelling mistakes - I'm assuming they are errors - like Middlemarsh for Michelmersh where the word shape is the same suggesting an engraver's or copyist's best attempt to read a poor manuscript. Other different spellings are not so easily explained away.


roads    
road distances    

image snip from map

The map has a system of roads drawn by double lines connecting places. Mostly the lines are solid, but dotted lines are used, presumably to show an unfenced road, for example across Woolmer Forest on the road from London to Portsmouth. A solid/dotted road runs from Petersfield to beyond Bramdean.
All Ogilby's routes are included, plus a few others.
There are some detached pieces of road; see described under bridges, above, and from the Hampshire border to Chichester in West Sussex. Roads are extended beyond the county boundary to show their destination or onward route. For example the road through Farnham, and the roads to Downton. Other roads outside Hampshire might be labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

to Pool
to Salisbury
to Bagshot
These labels are added to the map upside down on the left (west) side - suggesting copying from Moll's version of Morden's small county map of about 1708.
Occasionally there are figures printed across a segment of road, the distance from one settlement to another. For example a
7
half way between Horndean and Cosham. The engraving of the numbers is confused by the road lines underneath. It is not always obvous what endpoints are meant for the distance. A lot of segments have no distance.

miscellaneous    
A number of industrial features are marked along the coast west of Southampton Water.

iron works    
Immediately west of the Beaulieu River mouth is:-
Iron Mines

salterns    
South west of the Lymington river is a row of inverted V symbols, perhaps piles of salt, with a label west of Hurst:-
image snip from map

Salt Works

copperas works    
alum works    

On the coast west of Christchurch are square symbols labelled:-
Boscomb Copperas H.
Allom H.
marking the place of either mines or works for these chemicals.


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HantsMap Notes -- ROCQUE2.txt
MN: 4.9.2000
last edit: 12.5.2003