button to main menu; 

Map Notes -- 
brief essays about a map in 
the HMCMS Map Collection   Map Notes


NOTES from SANSON'S CHART of THE ENGLISH CHANNEL, 1692

  
These notes are taken from the Carte de la Manche, Chart of the English Channel, by Nicolas Sanson, published by Hubert Jaillot, Paris, 1692. The chart studied was on display at the Institute of Maritime and Heritage Studies, Portsmouth.
map type: HantsMap & Sanson 1692
The chart size is: wxh, sheet = 91.5x63.5cm; wxh, map = 808x583mm. These notes are strongly biased towards a Hampshire interest.

MAP FEATURES

title    
oval cartouche    
map maker    
publisher    

Printed lower right in an oval cartouche:-
CARTE DE LA MANCHE. Faite par ordre du Roy pour le service de les Armees de Mer. Reveue et Corrigee Par le Sr. SANSON. A PARIS Chez Hubert Jaillot. 1692.
Charts drawn in the period 1636-53 were gathered into an Atlas Nouveau by Jaillot, 1692.

orientation    
labelled borders    
compass rose    
up is N    
rhumb lines    

The map has several compass roses; North marked by a fleur de lys, East by a circle and 3 circles. These and various other centres are used for rhumb lines.
The chart also has labelled borders to show its orientation:-
Septentrion
Orient
Midy
Occident

lat and long scales    
Printed in the borders are scales of latitude and longitude for a rectangular projection; chequered at 5 minute intervals, labelled at 10 minute intervals. The map includes from 11d 55m to 21d 05m E, from 47d 50m to 52d 10m N. The prime meridian is somewhere in the Atlantic, about 18d 50m W of Greenwich.
The chart shows the coasts of Bretagne, Normandie, Picardie, France; the coast of southern England and Wales from Pembrokeshire to Suffolk; the Scilly Isles; and a tiny bit of Ireland.
scale line & scale
Printed on the left is a vertical scale line:-
Echelle des Lieues Marines a 20. par de Degrez.
chequered in minutes, labelled 5, 10, 5 , 10, etc. The scale line is fitted to the latitude scale alongside. 60 leagues = 3 degrees = 385.0 mm gives a scale 1 to 866424, assuming a league of 3 nautical miles of 6080 feet. The chart scale is about:-
1 to 870000
4 leagues to 1 inch
13.5 statute miles to 1 inch

sea area    
sea plain    
depth soundings    
sandbanks    

The Channel is labelled:-
LE CANAL OU LA MANCHE
The sea is plain with depth soundings, sandbanks dotted, and rocks shown by little triangles.

coast line    
coast shaded    

The coast line is shaded inland, and tinted on the sea side.

coastal defence    
castles    
battles    

The coastal defence of Hampshire is shown by:-
Hurst Ch. [ie Chataeu]
Calshot Ch.
Sea battles are marked by single or crossed swords. For example there is a single sword, labelled:-
1690
about 9 leagues south of Hastings. This is presumably the Battle of Beachy Head, which we and the Dutch lost against the French.

county    
The chart shows no county borders, but areas are labelled, eg:-
SOUTHAMPTON

settlements    
Settlements are labelled along the coasts.


Hampshire Places

Places labelled along the Hampshire coast are:--
Ar mouth [Avon]
Eglise de Christ
Banc de la Pole [?Shingles etc]
Hurst Ch. [ie Chataeu]
Kay Haven
Leape
Calshot Ch.
Hampton
Bramble
Gilkiker
Spithead
Gosport
Fareham
Porchester
I. de Portsey
Porstmouth [sic]
Havre de Langto~
I. Haling
Emswoorth
 
Deane Sand

button list of map notes
button map type Sanson 1692 -- menu of resources

HantsMap Notes -- SANSON1.txt
MN: 23.9.2002
last edit: 25.9.2002