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Rowe 1816
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NOTES from ROWE'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1816

FA1997.108  
These notes are taken from the map of Hampshire by Robert Rowe, 1816, published by Henry G Teesdale and Co, 302 Holborn, London, about 1830. The item studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service, item HMCMS:FA1997.108.
map type: HantsMap & Rowe 1816
The map size is: wxh, sheet = 37x47.5cm; wxh, plate = 367x436mm; wxh, map = 342x414mm.

MAP FEATURES

title    
publisher    

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Printed upper left is:-
HAMPSHIRE
Printed bottom centre:-
London, Published by Henry Teesdale & Co 302, Holborn.

orientation    
compass rose    
up is N    

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Printed upper right is a compass rose; no circle, star points for cardinal and half cardinal directions, North marked by a fleur de lys. The map is printed with North at the top of the sheet.

scale line    
scale    

Printed lower left is a:-
image snip from map

Scale. / Miles
chequered and labelled in miles from 0..10, with a left extension of 1 mile chequered in quarter miles and labelled at 1/2 mile. The 11 miles = 63.5 mm gives a scale 1 to 278916 assuming a statute mile. The map scale is about:-
1 to 280000
4 miles to 1 inch

lat and long scales    
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Printed in the map borders are scales of latitude and longitude for a rectangular projection; chequered at 1 minutes intervals, labelled at 5 minute intervals. The ratio of the latitude/longitude scales is about 1.62, near the value, 1.58 at 51d N to make a 'square' map.
The bottom scale is labelled:-
Longitude West from Greenwich.
and reading from the map the:-
longitude, Winchester: 1d 17.1m W
not too far from the accepted value 1d 18.5m W.
The map includes from 0d 41m to 1d 55m W, from 50d 31m to 51d 29m N; the whole of Hampshire including the Christchurch area, Dorset that was then part of the county, and the Isle of Wight.

table of symbols    
Printed lower left is an:-
EXPLANATION.
Market Town with Distance from London in measured Miles, as ... ANDOVER 63 1/2
Churches and Chapels ... [cross (+)]
Turnpike Roads [double line, bold, light] ... Mail Coach Roads [double line, bold, light, plus dotted line down the middle]
Bye Roads ... [narrow double line]
Navigable Canals ... [triple line, light bold light]
Rivers ... [wiggly line, tapering]
Seats of Nobility and Gentry ... [outline with fence palings, pecked interior, tree]
N.B. The figures on the Turnpike Roads shew the distance in measured Miles between Towns.
The Stars prefixed to the Towns denote the Number of Members returned to Parliament.

sea area    
sea tinted    
wrecks    
buoys    
sandbanks    

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The sea area is plain, tinted a colour that has degraded into a pale muddy bluey green, rather unattractive. Some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
SPITHEAD
Hurst Road
Dibden Bay
Few marine features are drawn, but one sandbank:-
Mother Bank
off the Isle of Wight, and:-
Wreck of the Royal George
labelled, and perhaps marked by a buoy?

coast line    
coast tinted    
headlands    
harbours    
lighthouses    

The coast line is emphasised by a blue tint. Some headlands are noticed, eg:-
Hengistbury Head
Stans Ore Point
Woolston Pt.
Most harbours are not labelled, but see:-
Portsmouth Harbour
This and the other large harbours are drawn with some islands.
On Hurst Spit there are:-
Light Houses
Also notice the lighthouse on the cliff above the Needles.

coastal defence    
castles    
fortifications    

Several of the old coastal defence castles are noticed, and some of the more recent fortifications and related features:-
image snip from map

Hurst Castle
Calshot Castle
Ft. Monkton
Hasler Hospital
[fortifications at Gosport]
The Lines [north shore of Portsea Island]
[fortifications around dockyard and Portsmouth]
South Sea Castle
Cumberland Fort

rivers    
bridges    
ponds    
ferries    

Rivers are drawn by a wiggly line tapering upstream. Some rivers are labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Itching River
Test River
Lymington Creek [over the foreshore]
All the main river systems are noticed, with some tributaries.
Some ponds are drawn in outline and labelled, eg:-
Fleet Pond
Woolmer Pond
Bridges are implied where a road crosses and interrupts a stream. Some bridges are labelled, eg:-
Thornford Br. [N of Kingsclere]
Iford Brid.
Brook Bri. [W of Cadnam]
By Hythe:-
Hyth Ferry
is labelled, but its route across the water is not indicated.

relief    
hill hachuring    

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Some relief is indicated by hill hachuring. This shows up fairly well among the other detail on the map, but does not give a clear picture of the bones of the county. Some hills and downs are labelled, the latter may not have any hachuring. Eg:-
Deanbury Hill
Breamore Down
Honour Hill [W of Lower Wallop]
Portsdown Hill
Oxenborne Down [N of Clanfield]

beacons    
Beacons are not noticed. But notice:-
Beacon Hill
by Farley Chamberlayne. The tower on the hill is not a symbol for the beacon, but for the monument here.

woods    
forests    
trees    

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Woodland is indicated by groups of tree symbols, with dotting to suggest undergrowth or rough ground. Woods or forests might be labelled, eg:-
Faccombe Wood
FOREST of BERE [East Bere Forest]
NEW FOREST
Chawton Wood

parks    
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Parks are drawn in outline, with fence palings around, a pecked interior tinted green, and perhaps trees, etc. Parks might be labelled with a name or the name of a house, eg:-
Hackwood Park
Husbourne Park
Cranbury Hou.
West Lodge
At Hambledon the Park House is outside the park.

county    
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The county boundary is a bold dotted line, emphasised by the blue tint and degraded bluey green tint that are used for the coast and sea. The boundary line is extended to divide adjacent counties, which are labelled, eg:-
WILTSHIRE
The detached part of the county in Sussex is drawn, labelled:-
PART OF HANTS.
The two detached parts of Wiltshire on the county's northern border are shown. A very few places outside the county are drawn.

hundreds    
table of hundreds    

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Hundred boundaries are fine dotted lines, emphasised by a tint. The hundred ares have the same tint, paler, and are labelled with a number which keys to e table of hundred s printed lower right:-
REFERENCE to the HUNDREDS.
1 Alton.
2 Andover.
...
38 Wherwell.
including the 2 hundreds on the Isle of Wight.
The detached part of Hampshire is numbered as part of East Meon Hundred.

settlements    
distances from London    
street map    

Settlements are marked by a group of blocks and perhaps a cross (+) for a church, differentiated by style of lettering.
city    
town    
group of blocks arranged in a sort of street plan, with a cross for a church; labelled in upright block caps, eg:-
image snip from map

WINCHESTER / By Basingstoke 62 1/2 / Farnham 65 1/4 [2 stars]
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ALTON / 47
PETERSFIELD / 54 3/4 [2 stars]
The figures are the distance from London in measured miles. The stars show the number of members returned to Parliament - remember that this map is drawn before the Reform Act 1832.

village     a few blocks and a cross for a church; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
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Wst. Worldham
East Meon

hamlet     a few block; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
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Faccombe
Itchel
This style of lettering is used generally for other features on the map.


roads    
turnpike roads    
post roads    
road distances    

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Roads are drawn by a double line, a network over the whole county. Minor roads are narrower; turnpike roads broader with one line bold; post roads have an extra dotted line down the middle and are tinted red.
Distances along turnpike roads are given by a figure at 1 mile intervals outwards from a town.
Destinations of roads outwith the county are given, with distances, eg:-
from Basingstoke to Staines 28 3/4 Ms.
from Andover to Amesbury 14 1/4 Miles.
the direction indicated by an arrow.
A junction might be labelled, eg:-
Lobcomb Corner
and a road might be named, eg:-
Popham Lane
Turnpike gates might be labelled, eg:-
Merdon Turnp.
Hampshire Gate [?]
Breamore Gate

canals    
image snip from map

Canals are drawn by a curvy triple line, light bold light, and might be labelled. The following can be recognised:-
Basingstoke Canal     from Basingstoke to the county boundary; Greywell Tunnel shown by a dotted line; the branch from Greywell to Stratfield Green shown:-
Basingstoke Canal

Andover Canal     from Andover to Redbridge; extended to Southampton along the coast:-
Andover Canal

Salisbury and Southampton Canal     from the county boundary to meet the Andover Canal near Mottisfont:-
Salisbury Canal

Titchfield Canal     Unlabelled, shown as a branch of the River Meon rather than as a canal.


miscellaneous    
These features are not noticed systematically.

inns    
A number of inns are marked by a block and labelled, eg:-
Bottom Inn [London to Portsmouth road, S of Buriton]
Wheatsheaf Inn [Basingstoke to Winchester road]
Deluge Hut [Winchester to Stockbridge road, S of Crawley]
But also off the main road system, eg:-
Rising Sun [N of Bashley]

posts    
A few posts are labelled, perhaps marked by a drawing of the post, eg:-
Winkton Post
Wollymoor Post [E of Hale]

antiquities    
roman roads    

Some roman roads are labelled, eg:-
Roman Rd.
on the road between Winchester and Popham Lane, aligned with Silchester.
Roman Road
on the road west from Winchester, roughly aligned with Old Sarum.

antiquities    
hillforts    

There is a rectangular outline for a hillfort within the hill hachuring for:-
Quarley Hill Camp

race courses    
North west of Stockbridge is an oval labelled:-
Race Course
and another north of Winchester:-
Worthy Down Course
North east of Lyndhurst is a smaller circuit, labelled:-
Race Grd.


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HantsMap Notes -- TEESDAL1.txt
MN: 15.3.2002
last edit: 17.3.2003