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Vancouver 1810
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NOTES from Mr VANCOUVER'S SOIL MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1810-13

B1999.371.1  
These notes are taken from the soil and substrate map of Hampshire, drawn by R Phillips, engraved by Neele, Strand, 1810, for the report, General View of the Agriculture of Hampshire, for the Board of Agriculture and Internal Improvement, by Charles Vancouver, published by Sherwood, Neely and Jones, Paternoster Row, London, 1813. The map studied is the frontispiece folded into the book, which is in the Library Collection, Hampshire CC Museums Service, the map is item HMCMS:B1999.371.1.
map type: HantsMap & Vancouver 1810
The map size is wxh, sheet = 23.5x31.5cm, wxh, map = 191x250mm.

Title Page

The title page of the book reads:-
GENERAL VIEW OF THE AGRICULTURE OF HAMPSHIRE, INCLUDING THE ISLE OF WIGHT. DRAWN UP FOR THE CONSIDERATION OF THE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE AND INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT. BY CHARLES VANCOUVER. EXPERIENTIA PRAESTANTIOR ARTE.
LONDON: PRINTED FOR SHERWOOD, NEELY, AND JONES, PATERNOSTER-ROW: SOLD BY G. AND W. NICOL, PALL-MALL; MOTLEY AND CO. AND MILLS, PORTSMOUTH; ROBBINS, AND JACOB, WINCHESTER; BAKER AND CO. SOUTHAMPTON; AND ALBIN, NEWPORT. 1813. [Price Sixteen Shillings in Boards.]

MAP FEATURES

title cartouche    
oval cartouche    
map maker    
engraver    

Printed lower right in a plain oval cartouche is:-
image snip from map

Map Exhibiting the leading Character of SOIL & SUBSTRATA of the 8 Districts comprised in the County of HANTS Engraved for Mr. Vancouver's Agricultural Report 1810
Printed at the bottom is:-
Neele sculp. Strand
London. Pubd. Jany. 1st. 1810, by R. Phillips, New Bridge Street.

orientation    
up is N    

The map has no compass rose or north point; it is printed with North at the top of the page.

lat and long scales    
image snip from map

Printed in the map borders are rectangular scales for latitude and longitude; chequered at 1 minute intervals, labelled at 5 minutes intervals. The bottom scale states:-
Long. W. fr. London.
The longitude of Winchester on the map is about 1 degree 12 minutes W, which accords with a prime meridian about 6 minutes W of Greenwich. Notice that, in error (I assume), the map has 1 degree N marked at the 51 degree parallel. The map covers about 0d 40m to 1d 43m W, 50d 34m to 51d 25m N.
The map extends beyond its printed borders in the NE and SW, and includes the Isle of Wight.

scale    
The map has no scale line. The latitude scale has 45 minutes = 211.5mm giving a scale 1 to 394746; the map scale is about:-
1 to 390000
6 miles to 1 inch

sea area    
sea plain    

The sea are is plain; some sea areas are labelled, eg:-
ENGLISH CHANNEL
SOLENT
SPITHEAD
Southampton Water

coast line    
coast shaded    
harbours    

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The coast line is shaded for emphasis.
Portsmouth Har.
is labelled.

coastal defence    
castles    

A few of the coastal defence castles are labelled:-
image snip from map

Hurst Cas.
Calshot Cas.
No fortifications are shown around Portsmouth etc.

rivers    
Rivers are drawn by wiggly lines tapering inland. Some are labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Beauley River
Avon R.
All the major river systems are shown with some tributaries, but not all are named.

relief    
No relief is shown on the map.

woods    
forests    

As well as a few trees in parks there are groups of trees symbols for some of the old forests. Some are labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Holt Forest
Watmere Forest [Woolmer Forset]
East Bere Forest
New Forest
but no more.

parks    
Parks are drawn by an outline with a vestigial fringe of fence palings. They generally enclose some trees and are tinted green. A few are labelled, eg:-
image snip from map

Hackwood Park
Freemantle Pa.

soils    
geology    
table of symbols    

The map title claims:-
... Exhibiting the leading Character of SOIL & SUBSTRATA of the 8 Districts ... of HANTS ...
The districts are delimited by a dotted line and numbered 1..5 in Hampshire, 6..7 in the Isle of Wight. Look hard; the numbers are all there. Each area is tinted:-
1 pale blue green
2 pale yellow
3 pale brown
4 pale green
5 pink
6 pale orange
7 pink
8 yellow
As the map is folded in the book there is no reason to think the colours faded. Examples:-
image snip from map

has 4 plae green to the north, 5 pink to the south;
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has 2 plae yellow to the west, 3 pale brown to the east.
Each are is described in a table:-
DISTRICTS
No.1 Woodlands and the Wastes of Bagshot / Clay, Sand, Gravel and Peat
2 Strong Flinty Loams & Hazel Mould on Chalk / occasionally veined with Gravel / Peat in most of the Vallies
3 Malm Sand & Gravelly Loam Clay & Peat / upon the Wastes of Woolmer & Alinholt Forests
4 Light Loams mix'd with Clay & calcareous Marle / Peat in the low Grounds particularly in the Forests Chace &c
5 Chalk of Portsdown with strong flinty Loam / & hazel Loam in the Islands and low Grounds
6 Tough strong Clay & Argillaceous Marle
7&8 Tender Loam with Argillaceous & Calcareous / Marle & chalk
Looked at closely the area boundaries are not as clear as that might be.

county    
image snip from map

The county boundary is a dashed line, tinted red alongside Dorset, blue-green alongside Wiltshire, red alongside Berkshire, green alongside Surrey, and red alongside Sussex. The adjoining counties are labelled, eg:-
DORSET SH.
On the northern boundary there is an enclosed area which could be the detached part of Wiltshire then hereabouts. The detached part of Hampshire in Sussex is not shown.

settlements    
Settlements are drawn by small groups of blocks for buildings, or just a cross for a church, differentiated by the size of the group and labelling style.
city     small group of buildings on roads; labelled in italic block caps, eg:-
image snip from map

WINCHESTER

town     small group of blocks on roads; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Alton
Havant
Southampton has italic block caps.

village     a few blocks, or just a cross; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
image snip from map

Bentley
Froyle


roads    
image snip from map

The map has a network of roads drawn by double lines. The more important roads are drawn wider with one line bolder.

canals    
image snip from map

The Basingstoke Canal is shown; not labelled.


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HantsMap Notes -- VANCOUV1.txt
MN: 14.11.2001
last edit: 19.5.2003