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Dispatch 1863
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NOTES from the WELLER'S MAP of HAMPSHIRE, 1858

FA2000.46  
These notes are taken from two sheets, north and south electoral divisions of Hampshire, by Edward Weller, 1858, plates 33 and 32 respectively from Cassell's British Atlas, published by Cassell, Petter and Galpin, La Belle Sauvage Yard, Ludgate Hill, London, 1864-67, earlier published in parts and as an atlas by the Weekly Dispatch, 139 Fleet Street, London, 1858-63. The maps studied are in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museum Service, item HMCMS:FA2000.46.
map type: HantsMap & Dispatch 1863
The map sizes are: wxh, sheet = 49x34cm; wxh, map = 426x305mm.

Map Features

title    
map maker    
publisher    

printed lower left on the north sheet:-
HAMPSHIRE (NORTH DIVISION) BY EDWD. WELLER F.R.G.S.
and on the south sheet:-
HAMPSHIRE (SOUTH DIVISION) BY EDWD. WELLER F.R.G.S.
Printed bottom right on each sheet is:-
LONDON. PUBLISHED BY CASSELL, PETTER & GALPIN, LA BELLE SAUVAGE YARD, LUDGATE HILL, E.C.

orientation    
up is N    

The maps are printed with North at the top of the sheet.

scale line    
scale    

Printed lower left on each sheet is a scale of:-
British Statue Miles.
marked 1..5 then 10 miles. The 10 miles = 85.4 mm gives a scale 1 to 188448. The map scale is about:-
1 to 190000
3 miles to 1 inch

lat and long scales    
Printed in the borders of the maps are scales of latitude and longitude for a trapezoid, or more scientific projection. The north sheet scales are chequered in minutes, labelled at 5 minute intervals; the south sheet scales have no chequers or marks for minutes, but are just marked and labelled at 5 minute intervals. The bottom scale, north sheet, is labelled:-
Longitude West of Greenwich
From the longitude scales the:-
longitude, Winchester = 1d 18.8m W
in agreement with the label.
The maps include from 0d 38m to 1d 58m W, from 50d 37m to 1d 23m N; the whole of Hampshire including the Christchurch area now Dorset, plus the Isle of Wight The two sheets sensibly include slightly different ranges of longitude.

sea area    
sea plain    

The sea area is plain, some areas labelled, eg:-
Christ Church Bay
THE SOLENT
SPITHEAD

coast line    
headlands    
harbours    
lighthouses    

The coast line is unemphasised; foreshore areas are indicated by a dotted outline, with some channels marked. Some headlands are labelled, eg:-
Hengistbury Head
Stone Point
Gilkicker Point
On Hurst Spit there is a:-
Light Ho.
The larger harbours are labelled:-
PORTSMOUTH HARBOUR
Langston Harbour
At Southampton there is a:-
Dock

coastal defence    
castles    
fortifications    

A number of the older coastal defence castles and more recent fortifications, and related installations, are noticed (in sequence):-
Hurst Castle
Calshot Castle
Netley Castle
Victoria Hospital
Browndown Ft.
[fortification at Gilkicker Point]
Barracks
Fort Monkton
Haslar Hospital
[fortifications around Gosport]
Burrow ft
[?fortifications around Priddys Hard]
Magazine [N of Stamshaw]
[Fortifications around the naval dockyard]
[fortifications around Portsmouth]
Southsea Cas.
Lumps Fort
Eastney Fort
Cumberland Fort [imaginative fortifications!]

rivers    
ponds    
bridges    
ferries    

Rivers are drawn by a double line with form lines, narrowing to a wiggly line tapering upstream. Some rivers are named, eg:-
River Stour
Beaulieu R.
called the Exe in the descriptive text, and:-
Anton or Test R.
listed separately as chief rivers, and:-
R. Rother
All the county's main river systems are shown, with tributaries.
A pond might be drawn in outline with shading, labelled, eg:-
Fleet Pond
There are some tiny ponds at the stream heads in Woolmer Forest. Alresford Pond is clearly marked, but the River Alre is not shown, and part of the Itchen is missing from about Ovington to the join of the Candovers Stream.
Bridges are not much noticed, but see:-
Bursledon Br.
Boldre Bridge
Various other bridges are implied by roads or railways crossing and interrupting streams.
A ferry might be labelled, eg:-
Ferry
across from Hamble on the River Hamble.

relief    
hill hachuring    

Some relief is indicated by hill hachuring. The information is lost, and adds to confusion, on these busy maps. Some hills are labelled, eg:-
PORTS DOWN
Toot Hill
White Hill
Owslehurst Down
but these might not all have hachures. Hachuring might show the relationship of a road to a ridge very clearly, for example a hill track west of Over Wallop.
A valley might be labelled, eg:-
Long Valley
west of Aldershot.

beacons    
Beacons might be suggested by a hill name, eg:-
Beacon Hill
north west of Crondall.
Popham Beacon
Burley Beacon
are labelled, but by this date could just be hill names. This raises another twist to whether labels on maps are names or descriptions, nominative or descriptive, which is not a clear distinction. Here the name of a beacon 'the beacon at [place]' has become the name of a hill.

woods    
forests    
trees    
vegetation    

Woodland is indicated by groups of tree symbols with dotting to indicate rough ground. The wood or forests might be labelled, eg:-
Alice Holt Wood
WOOLMER FOREST
labelled, with no trees, which is about right, and:-
Laverstock Wood
HAREWOOD FOREST
Other rough ground might be indicated by dotting, and labelled, eg:-
Yateley Heath
Eversley Common
Peat Moor
all in the area of the:-
Hartford Bridge Flats
which is labelled alongside the London road.

parks    
Parks are drawn in outline with dotted interior, and perhaps rides and a house, etc. They might be labelled by name or name of their great house, eg:-
Hackwood Park
Tilney Hall
Rotherfield Ho. and Park

county    
The county and division boundaries are dash dot lines, tinted for emphasis. The detached part of the county in West Sussex is shown, labelled:-
Part of Hampshire
On each sheet the other part of the county is labelled, thus, on the north sheet, the adjacent area to the south is labelled:-
SOUTH DIVISION OF HAMPSHIRE
Adjacent counties are labelled, eg:-
SUSSEX
Some settlements, main roads, railways, and perhaps rivers, are drawn outwith the bounds of each sheet for the sake of continuity. This includes, for example, Winchester added to the South Division sheet, and so on.

electoral data    
Printed lower left on the north sheet is:-
The North Division of Hampshire returns 2 Members of Parliament for the Division, 2 each for the Boroughs of Winchester & Andover & 1 for Petersfield.
A corresponding summary is not given on the south sheet, which has a more detailed statement in descriptive text, qv.

settlements    
Settlements are marked by groups of blocks and/or shaded and shadowed areas for built up areas in larger towns, with no real attempt to make a street plan. There might be a cross (+) for a church. Places are differentiated by style of lettering; (I think I have got the following notes right).
city    
town    
group of blocks or shaded and shadowed areas; labelled in upright block caps, eg:-
WINCHESTER
LYMINGTON
SOUTHAMPTON

town     group of blocks; labelled in italic block caps, eg:-
ALTON
STOCKBRIDGE

village     some blocks; labelled in upright lowercase text, eg:-
Upper Wallop
West Worldham

hamlet     a block or two; labelled in italic lowercase text, eg:-
Middle Wallop
Oakhanger
This style of text is used generally for map features.


roads    
turnpike roads    

Roads are drawn by double line, solid or dotted indicating fenced and unfenced edges. More important roads are drawn broader and have one line bold; probably indicating turnpike roads. Lesser roads are drawn narrower. A detailed network of roads is shown.
Destinations outwith the county might be drawn; for example, the road from Winchester through Romsey is continued out of the county to Salisbury, which is marked by blocks and labelled. Roads are extended to the sheet edges, where they stop with no further clues.
Road or junction names are few; notice:-
Balls Corner
by Alice Holt, and:-
Brook Lane
north of Warsash. South of Hursley, at a junction, is a:-
Direction Post
labelled, not drawn. Toll gates do not seem to be noticed, the turnpike system was out of use by this date?

canals    
Canals are drawn by a fairly bold curvy line, labelled, eg:-
Basingstoke Canal
It is also possible to recognise the Andover canal, a small part of the Salisbury to Southampton Canal, perhaps the Itchen Navigation, and the Titchfield Canal.

railways    
Railways are drawn by a double line with cross lines. Many lines are labelled, eg:-
London and South Western Railway
Gosport & Portsmouth Branch
A black rectangle on the line marks a:-
Statn.

miscellaneous    
Like many maps these are littered with some incidental detail, places noticed, but not consistently surveyed and listed.

antiquities    
tumuli    
hillforts    

Marked by a circle north east of Middle Wallop is a tumulus labelled:-
Kent Barrow
Marked only by hill hachuring but labelled for the hill and hillfort is:-
Quarley F. & Hill
Near Abbotts Ann is a double dotted circle, unlabelled, which is Bury Hill hillfort.

antiquities    
roman roads    

Segments of roads lined up between Silchester and Old sarum are labelled:-
Port Way / Roman Road
The road east of Winchester is labelled:-
Roman Road

inns    
A number of inns are marked, or at least labelled, eg:-
Red lion
near Nately Scures, and:-
Dean Gate Inn
which might suggest an old toll gate, and:-
Sun Inn
north east of Popham Lane.

mills    
water mills    
windmills    

A block by a river might mark a water mill, labelled:-
Mill
for instance, several around Romsey. The mill might be named, eg:-
Lockerly Mill
Holbury Mill
further up the Test. There do not seem to be mill symbols. On a hill, nowhere near a stream (not a marked stream), is:-
Sheer Hill Mill
on the south end of Waltham Chase, which might be a windmill? At Bursledon is:-
Burslean Mill
which is a windmill.

brickworks    
West of Hinton Ampner are:-
Shorley Brick Kilns
By Swanwick are several bits of label which it is not easy to put together, perhaps:-
Swanwick / Brickland / Ho.
The brickworks there are well known (now).

shipyards    
On the Beaulieu River just below Beaulieu are:-
Ship Yard
Baileys Hard

race courses    
On Worthy Down north of Winchester is a long dotted double oval:-
Race Course
and north of Lyndhurst, just a single oval. And west of Stockbridge no track at all, just:-
Stockbridge Race Ground

monuments    
Some monuments are noticed, for example:-
Farley Monument
Nelson's Monument
Rufus Stone

army camps    
On Aldershot Common are two areas of line of rectangular outlines, labelled:-
North camp
South Camp
also notice the:-
Queens Pavilion

pounds    
Notice:-
Hill Pound
on Waltham Chase.

salterns    
The Lymington salterns are not noticed, but elsewhere there are:-
salterns
labelled with no special symbol, as on the east shore of Hayling Island, and:-
Bounds Saltern
on Southampton Water near Fawley.


Hampshire Towns

All of the '21' towns of Hampshire are shown on the two sheets, named as follows:-
 
Alton
Andover
Basingstoke
Bishops Waltham
Christ Church
Fareham
Fordingbridge
Gosport
Havant
Kingsclere
Lymington
Alresford
Odiham
Petersfield
Portsmouth
Ringwood
Romsey
Southampton
Stockbridge
Whitchurch
Winchester

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HantsMap Notes -- WELLER1.txt
MN: 5.8.2003
last edit: 9.8.2003