Old Hampshire Mapped


Brookes's Gazetteer

Hampshire Entries (34)


Southampton
Itchen, River
Test, River
harbour
wool
Channel Islands
town walls
silk
carpet
ships blocks
Woodmills
Netley Abbey
Watts, Isaac
Isle of Wight
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Southampton, a borough and the county-town of Hampshire, with a market on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. It is a county of itself, governed by a mayor, who is admiral of the liberties; and it stands between the Itchen and Test, which here flow into an inlet of the sea, called Trissanton Bay, or Southampton Water. The inlet is navigable almost to the head for vessels of considerable burden, and the two rivers admit small craft someway up the country. It was formerly a port of great commerce, still possesses a considerable trade, and has a particular connection with Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, and Sark, as all the wool sent to those islands, duty free, must be shipped here. It contains five churches, is surrounded by delapidated walls with towers, and had a strong castle, now in ruins. It is a fashionable place of resort for sea-bathing; and has manufactures of silks and carpets. Two m hence is Woodmills, where is a manufacture of ship-blocks, for the king's yards; and 3m SE are the pictoresque remains of Netley Abbey. Southampton is the birthplace of the celebrated Isaac Watts. The number of inhabitants was 7913 in 1801, and 9617 in 1811. A mail-packet sails every morning for Cowes in the isle of Wight. It is 12m S by W Winchester, and 74 WSW London. Lon. 1 24 W, lat. 50 54 N.

Isaac Watts:- 1674-1748, hymn writer, nonconformist minister, educational author. He wrote 'Our God, our help in ages past.'

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