Old Hampshire Mapped


Map Scales

Handy facts, Hampshire
Hampshire
distances
To help work out the scale of old maps of a county it is useful to have, ready to hand, some known distances. These figures were quickly calculated for Hampshire, it would be easy to do the same for any county. Remember that these are crow flight distances, not road distances. The first groups of figures are for a few easily found places spread over the county.


town
to
town
place                         NGR

Winchester                    SU 483 303
Alton                         SU 710 396
Andover                       SU 365 450
Southampton                   SU 424 128

place-place                   distance, kilometres
                                  (miles, roughly)

Winchester-Alton              24.5  (15)
Winchester-Andover            18.9  (12)
Winchester-Southampton        18.5  (12)
Alton-Andover                 34.9  (22)
Alton-Southampton             39.2  (25)
Andover-Southampton           32.7  (20)
distances
on map
      place-          Win-   Win-   Win-   Alt-   Alt-   And-
      -place          -Alt   -And   -Ston  -And   -Ston  -Ston
                      (distance on map, millimetres; rounded
                      off to nearest millimetre OR to three
                      significant figures)

      scale 1 to
(ins to 1m)   (m to 1in)

      3168000 (50)    8      6      6      11     12     10
      1584000 (25)    15     12     12     22     25     21
      1520640 (24)    16     12     12     23     26     22
      1267200 (20)    19     15     15     28     31     26
      1140480 (18)    21     17     16     31     34     29

      1000000         25     19     19     35     39     33  
      950400  (15)    26     20     19     37     41     34
      760320  (12)    32     25     24     46     52     43
      633600  (10)    39     30     29     55     62     52
      887040  (8)     28     21     21     39     44     37
      380160  (6)     64     50     49     92     103    86
      316800  (5)     77     60     58     110    124    103
(.25) 253440  (4)     97     75     73     138    155    129
      190080  (3)     129    99     97     184    206    172
(.5)  126720  (2)     193    149    146    275    309    258

      100000          245    189    185    349    392    327
(1)   63360   (1)     387    298    292    551    619    516
      50000           490    378    370    698    784    654
(2)   31680   (.5)
(2.5) 25344           967    746    730    1377   1547   1290
      25000           980    756    740    1396   1568   1308
(6)   10560           2320   1790   1752   3305   3712   3097

      10000           2450   1890   1850   3490   3920   3270
(25)  2534.4          9667   7457   7300   13771  15467  12902
      2500            9800   7560   7400   13960  15680  13080
(50)  1267.2          19334  14915  14599  27541  30934  25805
      1250            19600  15120  14800  27920  31360  26160
(60)  1056            23201  17898  17519  33049  37121  30966
      500             49000  37800  37000  69800  78400  65400
triangular
table
A more comprehensive group of towns is those chosen for the Old Hampshire Mapped project (HANTSMAP). The location of the town is the location of its church. This is pretty uncertain in some instances, eg Eastleigh, and Aldershot.

town                code      ngr

Aldershot           ALD       SU869499
Alton               ALT       SU718393
Andover             AND       SU365458
Basingstoke         BSK       SU634527
Beaulieu            BEA       SU386023
Bishops Waltham     BWM       SU556177
Christchurch        CHR       SZ159925
Eastleigh           ESL       SU456193
Fareham             FRH       SU575061
Fordingbridge       FDB       SU150145
Gosport             GOS       SZ621996
Havant              HVN       SU717062
Kingsclere          KCL       SU525586
Lymington           LMG       SZ322954
New Alresford       ALR       SU588326
Odiham              ODH       SU740509
Overton             OVT       SU514500
Petersfield         PTF       SU744235
Portsmouth          POR       SZ632993
Ringwood            RGW       SU149054
Romsey              ROM       SU351212
Southampton         SOT       SU417122
Stockbridge         STB       SU355351
Whitchurch          WHC       SU460478
Winchester          WIN       SU478293
Program DIAGONAL.exe was used to write a diagonal table of distances from this data; see progam notes, DIAGONAL.rul. The table does not fit comfortably on a page!


                         crow flight distances, Km

                         ALD ALT AND BSK BEA BWM CHR ESL FRH 

Winchester (WIN)          44  26  20  28  29  14  49  10  25
Whitchurch (WHC)          41  27  10  18  46  32  63  29  43 
Stockbridge (STB)         53  37  11  33  33  27  47  19  36
Southampton (SOT)         59  41  34  46  10  15  32   8  17
Romsey (ROM)              59  41  25  42  19  21  35  11  27
Ringwood (RGW)            85  66  46  68  24  43  13  34  43
Portsmouth (POR)          56  41  54  53  25  20  48  27   9
Petersfield (PTF)         29  16  44  31  42  20  66  29  24
Overton (OVT)             36  23  15  12  49  33  68  31  44
Odiham (ODH)              13  12  38  11  60  38  82  42  48
New Alresford (ALR)       33  15  26  21  36  15  59  19  27
Lymington (LMG)           77  59  51  65   9  32  17  27  27
Kingsclere (KCL)          35  27  20  12  58  41  76  40  53
Havant (HVN)              46  33  53  47  33  20  57  29  14
Gosport (GOS)             56  41  53  53  24  19  47  26   8
Fordingbridge (FDB)       80  62  38  62  27  41  22  31  43


                         ALD ALT AND BSK BEA BWM CHR ESL FRH 

Fareham (FRH)             53  36  45  47  19  12  44  18
Eastleigh (ESL)           51  33  28  38  18  10  40
Christchurch (CHR)        91  73  57  77  25  47
Bishops Waltham (BWM)     45  27  34  36  23
Beaulieu (BEA)            68  50  44  56
Basingstoke (BSK)         24  16  28
Andover (AND)             51  36
Alton (ALT)               18


                         crow flight distances, Km

     FDB GOS HVN KCL LMG ALR ODH OVT PTF POR RGW ROM SOT STB WHC

WIN   36  33  33  30  37  11  34  21  27  34  41  15  18  14  19
WHC   45  51  49  13  54  20  28   6  37  51  53  29  36  16
STB   29  44  46  29  40  23  42  22  41  45  36  14  24
SOT   27  24  31  48  19  27  50  39  35  25  28  11
ROM   21  35  40  41  26  26  49  33  39  36  26
RGW    9  48  57  65  20  52  75  58  62  49
POR   51   1  11  60  31  34  53  52  27
PTF   60  27  18  41  51  18  27  35
OVT   51  52  48   9  58  19  23
ODH   69  53  45  23  69  24
ALR   47  33  29  27  46
LMG   26  30  41  66
KCL   58  60  56
HVN   57  12
GOS   49
Winchester
to ...
Distances from Winchester to places just outwith the county.

Winchester          SU483303       Km        miles
to 
Poole               SZ013908       61.4      38.2 
Christchurch        SZ160925       49.7      30.9
Salisbury           SU142295       34.1      21.2
Newbury             SU471671       50.2      31.2
Reading             SU714734       48.9      30.4
Guildford           SU998495       55.0      34.2
Chichester          SU859047       45.5      28.3
county
map
The overall size of a county map is quickly measured and provides a rapid guide to the scale. These figures are for Hampshire, the county boundary is that of the 1986 revision of the Administrative Areas Diagram. The overall size is of the county, not the sheet of paper the map is printed on.

left edge (Martin)                 SU 030 ___
right edge (Aldershot, Rushmoor)   SU 886 ___
top edge (Mortimer West End)       SU ___ 654
bottom edge (Milford-on-Sea)       SU ___ 897

width x height      85.6 x 75.7 km


scale 1 to     miles/inch     county wxh cm

               24             6 x 5
               20             7 x 6
               18             8 x 7
1000000                       8.5 x 7.5
               15             9 x 8
950000                        9 x 8
900000                        9.5 x 8.5
850000                        10 x 9
800000                        11 x 9.5
               12             11 x 10
750000                        11 x 10
700000                        12 x 11
650000                        13 x 12
633600         10             14 x 12
600000                        14 x 13
550000                        16 x 14
               8              17 x 15
500000                        17 x 15
450000                        19 x 17
400000                        22 x 19
               6              23 x 20
350000                        25 x 22
               5              27 x 24
300000                        29 x 25
               4              34 x 30
250000                        34 x 30
200000                        43 x 38
               3              45 x 40
150000                        57 x 51
               2              68 x 60
100000                        86 x 76
63360          1              135 x 119
50000                         171 x 151

                              county wxh metres

63360          1              1.35 x 1.19
50000                         1.71 x 1.51
25344          2.5            3.37 x 2.98
25000                         3.42 x 3.02
10560          6              8.10 x 7.16
10000                         8.56 x 7.57
2534.4         25             33.77 x 29.86

 ©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2006
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
button  Old Hampshire Gazetteer, Old Hampshire Mapped and other projects on CD

button  Geography Department, Portsmouth University