Descriptive text

Jansson's Hampshire 1646

descriptive
text
Jansson's map of Hampshire and Berkshire is accompanied, in Atlas Novus vol.4, by a descriptive text. The text is copied from Britannia by William Camden, in Latin. The pages seen are an incomplete text, torn from their volume, in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museum Service, items HMCMS:FA2004.2.1 to .4. The sheets in the collection include parts of the preface, most of the general description of the British Isles, the Hampshire text, a contents page, and an ?advertisement for the atlas. Missing pages are generally those on the reverse of maps, which have been removed from the atlas in its journey through the hands of map dealers. The page size is: wxh, sheet = 21x48cm.

Translations of some Latin passages are by Andrew Pierssene, to whom we are grateful; and to whom I apologise if I've misunderstood his notes.

Britannia The general description of England, Scotland and Ireland begins with a preface from William Camden:-
LECTORI, GUILIELMUS CAMBDENUS.

QUae in prima huius Libri editione ante annos viginti praefatus eram, eadem et iisdem verbis, pauculis adjunctis, in hac postrema editione benevolo Lectori nunc denuo praesari haud quaquam dispudet. ...
That is:-
William Camden, to the reader

What I said in the preface to the first edition of this book twenty years ago, now, in the same words with minimal additions, now to the gentle reader in this final edition ...
This is the 6th edition in Latin, 1607.

The preface pages are unnumbered; the general text is pages 1 to 76. The sheet with pages 1 and 2 is missing, p.1 is a map; the sheet for pp.11/2 is missing, p.11 is a map; the sheet for pp.53/54 is missing, p. 53 is a map; the sheet for pp.67/68 is missing, p.67 is a map. The maps are indentified in the contents list below.

The text has some major subdivisions:-
BRITANNIAE NOMEN.
BRITANNORUM MORES.
ROMANI IN BRITANNIA.
AD BRITANNORUM Numismata suspiciones.
NOTAE AD ROMANORUM Numismata.
BRITANNIAE EXCIDIUM.
BRITANNI ARMORICI.
BRITANNI WALLENSIS ET CORNWALLENSES.
PICTI.
SCOTI.
ANGLO-SAXONES.
NORMANNI.
BRITANNIAE DIVISIO.
TRIBUNALIA ANGLIAE. *QUOTATION
The Name of Britain
The Customs of the British
The Romans in Britain
Tentative Thoughts on the Coinage of the Britons
Notes on the Coins of the Roamns
The Fall of Britain
The Britons of Britanny [Armorica]
The Welsh and Cornish Britons
The Picts
The Scots
The Anglo-Saxons
The Normans
The Division of Britain
The Laws of England
(and perhaps subdivisions whose headings are on missing pages).

Belgae and
Hantshire
The atlas text is organised by the territories of the british tribes. Page 105 is the start of the:-
BELGAE.

DUrrotrigibus ad Septentriones et Ortum praetendebantur olim BELGAE, quos a Belgis Galliae populo in Britanniam demigrasse, ...
From the Durotriges to the North and East extended the former Belgae, who [are said] to have migrated to Britain from the people of the Belgae of Gaul, ...
The first english county in this region is:-
HANT-SHIRE.

PROXIMA est Wiltoniensibus, quae quondam Saxonibus [hantschyr], nunc vulgo Ham-shire, cuius partem mediterraneam ad Belgas, maritimam ad Regnos antiquum Britanniae populum spectasse non est, cur dubitemus. Ab occasu Dorsettiam, & Wiltoniam, ab Austro Oceanum, ab Ortu Sussexiam & Surreiam, & a Septentrione Berceriam attingit. ...
Next to the people of Wiltshire lies [Hampshire], which was formerly known to the Saxons as hantschyr and is now commonly called Ham-shire, of which we have no reason to doubt that its ancient British population looked on the Belgae on the inland side, and to the Regni on the seaward. [Now] it adjoins Dorset and Wiltshire to the West, the sea to the South, Sussex and Surrey to the East and Berkshire to the North.
The Hampshire text is on pages 105-111, followed by Wiltshire beginning on 112.

Contents Towards the end of the volume was a contents page, an index to the maps in the atlas. Some of the map pages are noted here:-
INDEX IV TOMI SIVE TABULARUM MAGNAE BRITANNIAE,
Id est Regnorum Angliae & Scotiae, necnon & Hiberniae
REGNI ANGLIAE.
ANglia Regni Pag.67
...
Bercheria & Hantonia, vulgo Bark-shire & Hant-shire. 99
...
Britanniae Magnae cum Insulis adjacentibus vetus Delineato. 1
Britannia Hodierna. 11
Britannia prout divisa fuit tempore Anglo-Saxonum, praesertim, durante illorum heptarchia. 53
...
Cumbria, vulgo Cumber-land, & Westmoria. 325
...
Hantonia sive Southantoniensis Comitatus, vulgo Hant-shire. 105
...
Vectis Insula, Anglice The Isle of Wight. 350
...
Westmoria Comitatus, Westmorland & Cumbria. 323
...
Wiltonia Comitatus, Wil-shire. 112
...
REGNI SCOTIAE
...
REGNI HIBERNIAE
...


INDEX OF VOLUME IV OR OF MAPS OF GREAT BRITAIN
That is of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland, and also of Ireland
OF THE KINGDOM OF ENGLAND
The kingdom of England ... page 67
...
Bercheria & Hantonia, commonly Bark-shire and Hant-shire ... 99
...
An old Map of Great Britain with its adjacent Islands ... 1
Modern Britain ... 11
Britain as it was divided in the time of the Anglo-Saxons, especially while their heptarchy lasted ... 53
...
Cumbria, commonly Cumber-land & Westmoria ... 325
...
Hampton, or the County of Southampton, commonly Hant-shire ... 105
...
Island of Vectis, or in English The Isle of Wight ... 350
...
The County of Westmoria, Westmorland & Cumbria ... 323
...
The County of Wiltshire
OF THE KINGDOM OF SCOTLAND
...
OF THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND
...
Jan Jansson A single sheet, narrower than the others, appears to be an extra; an advertisment this and further parts of the atlas.
LECTORI JOANNES JANSSONIUS S.P.D.
QUartam Atlantis nostri partem tibi, Lector benevole, offerimus, ut diuturni tui desiderii expectationem expleat, & fidem nostram liberet. Britannicas Insulas exhibens, florentissimorum Angliae, Scotiae, ac Hiberniae regnorum chronographicas descriptiones complectitur. In volumem unum contrahere operae praetium duximus, ne in diversas partes distractum opus nimis prolixum foret, praeclariora opera, quae succedunt, excluderet, & fastidio atque satietate legentis animum abalienaret. Quae doctissimi viri Ioannes Spead, & Guilielmus Cambdenus cum aliis praestantissimus Authoribus describendam horum regnorum superficiem laboribus haud unquam satis laudabilibus contulerunt, ea omnia hic conjunximus, & conjuncta uno quasi fasciculo exhibemus. His accedunt & aliarum regionum tabulae, quas huic quartae parti insertas damus. Eas post praecedentium partium editionem aut emendatiores, aut plane novas nacti sumus. Quinta pars, quae quartam exxiguo temporis intervallo interjecto subsequetur, duabus sectionibus Maris universi Hydrographicam decriptionem, & Geographiam antiquam, tum sacram tum profanum, hodiernae nostrae Geographiae harmonice respondentem absolvit. Prior sectio Oceani admiranda, littorum maritimorum situm, as omnia, quae navigationis ac mercaturae arcana concernunt, accuratissime descripta continet: Posterior vero Veteris, & Novae Geographiae harmoniam methodo plane nova, & antehac nunquam cognita proponit, ac Geographiae studiosum ad interiora & secretiora tantae artis penetralia deducit. Opus plurimus laboribus congestum, multis difficultatibus, & sumptibus redemtum. In Sexta parte majus quid aggredimur, & Cosmographiam universalem, seu generalem totius universi descriptionem molimur: In ea Harmoniam Macrocosmicam ex tribus Principiis & septem qualitatibus Principibus conflatam aperiemus, Concavitatem coelestis sphaerae nova methodo adornatam oculis subjiciemus. Uranometriam totam accurate delineatam trademus, ac Terrestris globi convexitatem, aquarum puta universitatem, & terram aquis non opertam, quae duo corpora unam superficiem absolvunt, cum coelestibus corporibus proportione debita convenientem ad oculum demonstrabimus. Quid vero in Urbium Theatro nova editione renovando praestiterimus, Lecto innotescet, ut primum ea, quod propediem fiet, lucem viderit. Haec sunt, quibus favorem tuum, benevole Lecto, mereri, ac studia tua promovere studebimus, in quibus absolvendis dum occupamur, ut oblatis interea fruaris, laboribus nostris faveas, & plurimum valeas, rogamus & optamus. Amstelodami ex Typographeio nostro. Ipsis Kalendis Ian. An. a CHRISTO nato M.DC.LIX.
JOHN JANSSON, TO THE READER
We offer the fourth part of our atlas to you, gentle reader, so that it may fulfill the expectation of your long-standing wish, and acquit our duty. Presenting the British Isles, it comprises chronographical descriptions of the flourishing kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland. We have managed to condense the substance of the work into one volume, so that the work should not be so spread among different sections that it becomes too extended, nor exclude more important matter that follows, nor alienate the mind of the reader by seeming boring or over-full.
What those most learned men John Speed and Wiliam Camden, with other celebrated authors, have produced in the way of description of the landscape of these kingdoms (with labour never sufficiently to be praised), all this we have brought together and present united between one set of covers, as it were. To these are added maps of other regions, which we give as inserts in this fourth part: these we have encountered since the publication of the previous parts, either corrections or quite new [matter].
The fifth part, which will follow the fourth at a brief interval of time, has two sections; [the first] provides a hydrographical description of the world's seas, [the second] neatly matches the geography of the ancients, both sacred and secular, with the geography of our present day. The first section includes the wonders of the ocean [and] the location of the maritime coasts, most accurately described for all [purposes] that relate to navigation and the secrets of trade: the latter [section] sets out clearly, by a new and hitherto untried method, the correspondence between the old and the new geography; and explores carefully the inner [workings] of geography and the hidden secrets of such an art. The work [has been] compiled with much labour and many difficulties, and [only] achieved at some expense.
In the sixth part we undertake even more, and strive to achieve a universal cosmography, in other words a general description of the whole universe: in it we shall reveal the cosmic harmony from three principles, blended with the seven chief 'qualities', and, by a new and special visual method of explanation, set before [your] eyes the hollow sphere of the heavens accurately drawn, and will demonstrate suitably to the eye the convexity of the terrestrial globe, the whole of the waters and the land not covered by waters, which two bodies make up one surface, with the heavenly bodies on due proportion.
Indeed what we will present in the 'Theatre of Cities' to be issued in a new edition, will be made known to the reader just as soon as it sees the light [of day]. These are [the ways] in which we try to earn your favour, gentle reader, and to further your studies: while we are occupied in fulfilling these [things], it is our prayer and hope that you may enjoy [our] offerings, be well-disposed to our labours, and [you yourself] thrive greatly.
From our Press at Amsterdam: the Kalends [1st] of January in the year 1659 since the birth of Christ.
Page images We have not translated the available pages, a task beyond our ability, but the pages can be viewed (moderately large images, about 500Kbytes):-
page 105
page 106
page 107
page 108
page 109
page 110
page 111
Notice the armillary sphere in the decorative endpiece on page 111.


Jansson's Hampshire 1646, contents
General index
Old Hampshire Mapped

Map HMCMS:ACM1934.14
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