Descriptive text

Kitchin's Hampshire 1751

lists Kitchin's 1751 large map has number of panels of text including lists of:-
  • Earls and Dukes of Southampton
  • Seats of the Nobility
  • Livings in the Town of Southampton
  • Livings in the City of Winchester
  • and descriptions of towns, and some other features

Earls & Dukes of Southampton.
1537. William Fitzwilliam, Lord Admiral.
1547. Thomas Wriothsley, Lord Chancellor, succeeded by Henry, and in 1581 by another Henry, and he by Thomas Wriothsley, Lord Treasurer, in 1624.
1670. Barbara Villiers, Wife of Roger Palmer Earl of Castlemain, was created Countess of Southampton. Charles Palmer, her illegitimate son by King Charles II. was created Duke in 1675.
1730. He dying was succeeded by his eldest survivd. Son William Duke of Cleveland and Southampton, who married Lady Harriot Finch, but he is now a Widower and without Issue.
Seats of Nobility &c.
Duke of Bolton, at Hawkwood and Basing.
Duke of Chandois, at Biddesden.
Earl of Anglesey, at Farnburgh.
Earl of Portsmouth, at Husbands.
Earl of Shaftesbury, at Rockburn.
Ld. Anson, at Soberton.
Ld. Delawar, at Boldrewood.
Ld. Mountjoy, at Moyles Court.
Ld. Talbot, at Redrice.
Barrington Bt. at Swainston.
Heathcot Bt. at Hursley.
Oglander Bt. at Nunwell.
Steward Bt. at Hartley.
Tichburn Bt. at Tichburn.
Wolsley Bt. at Chilton.
Mr. Delmy, at Quarley and Titchfield.
Mr. Henley, at Grange near Alresford.
Mr. Summner, at Longwood.
Mr. Whithed, at Southwick.
Livings in the Town of Southampton.
All Saints ... ... ... ... ... R
Jesus ... ... ... ... ... ... Ch
St. Johns ... ... ... ... ... R
St. Laurence . ... ... ... ... R
St. Michael .. ... ... ... ... V
Livings in the City of Winchester.
St. Bartholomew .. ... ... ...
St. John . ... ... ... ... ... R
St. Laurence . ... ... ... ... R
St. Maurice .. ... ... ... ... R
St. Michael .. ... ... ... ...
St. Peter Cheese-Hill ... ...
St. Swithin over KingsGate ...
St. Thomas ... ... ... ... ...
Trinity .. ... ... ... ... ...

text panels The text panels are transcribed her in alphabetical order of place name. On the map they are fitted into available spaces.
Andover gives Title of Vicount to the Earl of Berkshire.
Old Basing
Basing gives Title of Baron St. John to His Grace the Duke of Bolton, whose Seat here was built by his Ancestor John, Marquis of Winchester; out of the Ruins of Basing House, which was formerly a Garrison for King Charles the first, & was often besieg'd by the Parliament in vain: but taken by Storm by Oliver Cromwell, Octr. 14. 1645. and the Marquis with 400 others imprison'd. The Marquis from its gallant Defence call'd the House Love Loyalty, which he caus'd to be written on every Window of it; & those words in French Aimez Loyaute, have been ever since the Motto of the family.
Gosport is a Town of great Trade, having communication with Portsmouth by Boats, passing from one to the other.
Hampshire affords plenty of Corn, Cattle, Wool, Wood, and Iron, but is particularly esteem'd for its excellent Honey and Bacon. Its Manufactures are Kersies & Stuffs; The Air is temperate, and the Soil fertile in all sorts of Grain. As its Coasts furnish Oysters, Lobsters, and other Salt -water Fish, so its Rivers abound in fresh Fish, especially Trouts. Here are many convenient Harbours which bring a great Foreign trade to it. And indeed, there is not a more inviting County in Great Britain, as well for Profit as Pleasure.
Hurst Castle
Hurst Castle was built by King Henry VIII. for the Defence of New Forest. King Chs. I. was imprison'd here three weeks. This with Calshot, St. Andrews, and Netley Castles, are a perfect Security to the Bay of Southampton.
Kingsclear is noted for having been the Seat of the Saxon Kings.
Lymington gives Title of Vicount to Jno. Wallop, so created by his late Majesty King George I.
New Forest
New Forest was so call'd by William the Conqueror, who destroy'd all that part of the Country for thirty Miles round, which contain'd many Towns, Villages, & Churches; two of his Sons viz. Richard, & Willm. Rufus both lost their Lives in this Forest. In the last Century it was well stock'd with all sorts of Deer, & the Stags were very large.
Odiam was formerly of Note for its Royal Palace and strong Castle, which in K. John's time was defended against Lewis the Dauphin, & the Barons Army, for 15 Ds. by 13 Men only. In the Reign of Edwd. III. David K. of Scots was kept prisoner here: It was the Birth place of that famous Grammarian, Mr. Willm. Lilly Master of St. Paul's School.
Portsmouth is a famous Port strongle fortified; The Harbour is so large & good that all the Men of War in Europe may safely ride there together: 'Tis a Place of good Trade, very populace, & a Nursery for Seamen. Louisa de Queronaille was created by Chas. II. in 1673, Baroness of Petersfield, Countess of Farham, & Dutchess of Portsmouth, all in this Shire. Wallop Vict. Lymington was created El. of Portsmouth 1744.
Ringwood a large thriving Town, stands in a Valley well water'd by the Streams of the River Avon. The Manufactures of this Town are Druggets, narrow Cloths, Stockings, and Leather, and its Market is well supplied with Corn, and Cattle. Near this place, the Duke of Monmouth was taken by one Perkin, as he lay hid in a Ditch cover'd with Fern in July 1685, just after his Defeat at the Battle of Sedgmoor.
Rumsey gave Birth to that great mathematician Sr. Wm. Petty, from whom the Barons of Shelburn of Ireland are descended.
Silchester is the Ruins of the antient City of Vindomia or Vindonum, said to have been built by Constantius, Son of Constantine the Great.
Southampton the County Town, is accommodated with a large Harbour and Quay, & carries on a good Trade to Newfoundland, Portugal, and Jersey; 'twas here that King Canute ridicul'd his flattering Courtiers by commanding (tho' in vain) the Tide not to approach his Feet. It is a very old Town, and consists of one large long Street, and is wall'd with the Honey-comb Rock Stone the most durable of any, & it had a good Castle, built by King Richard II all of fine free Stone, for the Defence of the Town & Harbour, but it is now demolish'd. Here are 5 Parish-Churches, & an Hospital call'd God's House.
At Southwick King Henry VI. was married to the Duke of Anjou's Daughter. It has ever since the Reign of Queen Eliz. been the Seat of the Nortons, some of whom have been Sheriffs, and others Representatives in Parliament for this County. The last of them Col. Richd. Norton dying in Decr. 1732, made an extraordinary Will, by which he left his real Estate of 6000l. a Year and a personal one computed at 60000l. to the poor, hungry, and thirsty, naked, and strangers, sick, and wounded, and prisoners, to the end of the World: appointing the Parliament his Executors, and in case of their refusal the Bishops, leaving all his Pictures an other moveables to the King: Trustees were soon appointed to inspect the Premises, but the Will carried in it such evdient marks of Insanity, that it was soon after laid aside.
Spithead and St. Helens is the general Renezvous of the Royal Navy.
The Wallops
Upper, Middle, & Nether Wallop, give Name and Title of Baron, to the Antient and Honourable Family of the Lord Vicount Lymington; one of whom viz. Sir John Wallop in 1513 fitted out some Ships, & with 800 Men burn'd 21 Towns in Normandy, and all the French Ships in the Ports of Naples, Tripoli, &c. in revenge for Piracies committed in the British Seas, by one of the Knts. of Malta.
Weyhill tho a poor Village, with a desolate Church & hardly a House about it, yet is of Note for one of the greatest Fairs in England, for Hops Cheese &c. & for Sheep there is not so great one, especially Dorsetshire Ewes for store Sheep.
Winchester is a City of great Antiquity, and the richest Bishoprick in England. Its Cathedral was built by William of Wickham Prelate of this See, who found a noble College here to fit out Youth for New College in Oxford, which he also founded; He likewise built several Free-Schools, Hospitals, &c. here. This is the Assize-Town. Willm. Pawlett El. of Wiltshire & Lord High Treasurer of England, was made Marquis of Winchester by Edward VI. & was since made Duke of Bolton by King William the third: and the Title of Marguis (sic) is still in the possession of the Duke of Bolton's eldest Son.

Kitchin's Hampshire 1751, contents
General index
Old Hampshire Mapped

Map HMCMS:CRH1958.90
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