Old Hampshire Mapped


Kitchin's Hampshire 1751

Notes by
Martin and Jean Norgate: 2002


Contents

Introduction
The whole map
Index sheet to parts of the map
Gazetteer, place names
Gazetteer, in Hundreds
Index sheet to market towns, etc
Map features
Descriptive text
Raw data
Other maps

Introduction
A NEW Improved MAP of
HAMPSHIRE

These notes are made from a copy of Thomas Kitchin's map of Hampshire, the 1751 large map. The item studied is in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museum Service, item HMCMS:CRH1958.90. This example of the map is sectioned for folding, mounted on ?linen; it has a slip case. The map size is:- wxh, sheet = 70x54cm; wxh, plate = 691x535mm approximately; wxh, map = 681x523mm approximately.

This study concentrates upon what can be seen from the map; studies of the background of county mapping in England, and map makers have been published elsewhere.

Thomas Kitchin was an engraver and publisher at The Star opposite Ely Gate, Holborn, London from 1738 to 1776. He was a prolific producer of maps, plans and charts, and was by appointment Hydrographer to the King - George III. His output included sheet maps, series of maps for the Universal Magazine and the London Magazine, and atlases. He worked with Thomas Jefferys and particularly with Emanuel Bowen.


The 1751 large map by Thomas Kitchin, was one of a series of county maps by Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin each doing some counties, published by John Hinton, King's Arms, St Paul's Churchyard, London, from 1749 to 1760. The Hampshire map was published 1751 (there was a small map of the county by Thomas Kitchin the same year). It was published again by John Tinney, Golden Lion, Fleet street, London, from 1753.

The map was eventually included in:-
The Large English Atlas: Or, A New Set Of Maps Of All The Counties In England And Wales, Drawn From The Several Surveys which have been hitherto Published: Viz. ... Laid Down On A Large Scale, And containing all the Cities, Towns, Villages, and Churches, whether Rectories or Vicarages, Chapels, many Noblemen's and Gentlemen's Seats, &c. &c. Each Map Is Illustrated With a General Description of the County, its Cities, Borough and Market Towns, the Number of Members returned to Parliament, of Parishes, Houses, Acres of Land, &c. And Historical Extracts relative to the Trade, manufactures, and Government of the Cities and Principal Towns, and the present State of their Inhabitants, &c. By Emanuel Bowen, Geographer to His Majesty, Thomas Kitchin, and Others. London: Printed and Sold by T. Bowles, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; John Bowles and Son, at the Black Horse, in Cornhill; John Tinney, at the Golden Lion, and Robert Sayer, at the Buck, both in Fleet-Street.
published in 1760. The maps have a distinctive style; a large elaborate title cartouche with scenes and figures, a vignette scene, and historical descriptive text filling blank spaces. The atlas size is 17.5x23 inches.

The Hampshire map is not, like others, based on Morden 1695; it may have been based on drawings made by the late John Senex; the coast is based on a chart by Joseph Avery.

The map was published in another edition:-
The Large English Atlas ... Printed and Sold by T. Bowles ... John Bowles and Son ... and Robert Sayer ...
about 1762, from when the Hampshire map now has plate number '14'.

It was published in another edition:-
The Large English Atlas ... Drawn From The Several Surveys which have been hitherto Published. With three general Maps of England, Scotland and Ireland, From the best and latest Authorities. ... London: Printed and Sold by T. Bowles, in St. Paul's Church-Yard; John Bowles, at the Black Horse, in Cornhill; and Robert Sayer, at the Buck, in Fleet-Street
about 1763. And again in:-
The Large English Atlas ... London: Printed and Sold by John Bowles, at the Black Horse, in Cornhill; Carington Bowles, next the Chapter House, in St. Paul's Church-Yard, and Robert Sayer, at the Buck, in Fleet-Street
about 1764. From this date the Hampshire map now has plate number '16'.

There were further editions:-
The Large English Atlas ... Printed and Sold by Carington Bowles, Map and Print Seller, at No.69, in St. Paul's Church-Yard. MDCCLXVII.
ie 1767. And:-
The Large English Atlas ... Printed and Sold by Robert Sayer, Map and Printseller, at No 53, in Fleet-Street.' or 'Le Grand Atlas Anglois: Ou, Nouveau Receuil Des Cartes De Toutes Les Provinces D'Angleterre Et De La Principaute De Galles, ... Chez Robert Sayer, Marchand de Cartes & d'Etampes dans Fleet-Street, No.53.
about 1767. And:-
The Large English Atlas ... Printed and Sold by Robert Wilkinson, at No.58, in Cornhill, Successor to Mr. John Bowles, deceased.
about 1779. And:-
The Large English Atlas: ... Drawn From The Several Surveys Hitherto Published. To which are added, a Map of the Country 35 miles round London, a Plan of London and Westminster, and general Maps of Scotland and Ireland, From the latest and best Authorities. The Whole Engraved on 50 Copper Plates ... Laid Down On A Large Scale ... By Emanuel Bowen, Thomas Kitchin, Captain Andrew Armstrong, and Others. London. Printed for Robert Sayer, Map, Chart, And Printseller, No.53, Fleet-Street. MDCCLXXXVII.
ie 1787.

The map was issued, bound in an atlas or loose, by Bowles and Carver, Laurie and Whittle, and Robert Wilkinson, from 1790s-1820s.


On the copy in the Map Collection, the map studied here, printed bottom centre of the sheet is:-
Printed Per R: Sayer in Fleet Street, Carrington Bowles in St. Pauls Church Yard, & R Wilkinson No.58 Cornhill
which indicates that this copy of the map is relatively late, probably the 1787 edition.

References
Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1760: Large English Atlas & New Set of Maps of all the Counties of England and Wales: Bowles, T & Bowles, John and Son & Tinney, John & Sayer, Robert (London)

Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1763 (?): Large English Atlas & New Set of Maps of all the Counties of England and Wales: Bowles, John & Bowles, T & Sayer, Robert (London)

Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1764 (?): Large English Atlas & New Set of Maps of all the Counties of England and Wales: Bowles, John & Bowles, Carington & Sayer, Robert (London)

Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1767 (?): Large English Atlas & New Set of Maps of all the Counties of England and Wales: Bowles, Carington (London)

Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1767 (?): Large English Atlas & New Set of Maps of all the Counties of England and Wales & Grand Atlas Anglois & Nouveau Receuil des Cartes de Toutes les Provinces d'Angleterre et de la Principaute de Galles: Sayer, Robert (London)

Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas: 1779 (?): Large English Atlas & New Set of Maps of all the Counties of England and Wales: Wilkinson, Robert (London)

Bowen, Emanuel & Kitchin, Thomas & Armstrong, Andrew: 1787: Large English Atlas: & New Set of Maps of all the Counties of England and Wales: Sayer, Robert (London)

Penfold, Alastair J: 1994: Introduction to the Printed Maps of Hampshire: Hampshire CC Museums Service

Hodgkiss, A G: 1981 (4th edn): Discovering Antique maps: Shire Publications (Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire):: ISBN 0 85263 581 8; an inexpensive and approachable introduction to old maps


Kitchin's Hampshire 1751, contents
General index
Old Hampshire Mapped

Map HMCMS:CRH1958.90
 ©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2005
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