compass rose, scale line

Norden's Hampshire 1607

Compass rose
On Norden's map the compass rose and scale line are combined, together with an inscription of the map maker's and engraver's names

The cardinal (N, E, S, W), half cardinal (NE, SE, SW, NW) and false points (NNE, ENE, ESE, SSE, SSW, WSW, WNW, NNW) of the compass are indicated, north is marked with a fleur de lys, and the cardinal points are named:-
SEPT Septentriones: refering to the seven stars that make up the constellation of The Bear, or Plough, that is a pointer for the Pole Star in the North
ORI Oriens: from the Latin orior, to rise, where the sun rises in the East
MERI Meridiens: middle of the day, where the sun is then in the South
OCCI Occidens: from the Latin occido, to fall or set, where the sun sets in the West
Notes about compass roses.

Scale Line The scale of 10 miles is divided only into half miles. The map scale, from this scale line, is about 1 to 243000 wrongly assuming a statute mile which had not been institutionalised by that time, ie:-
1 to 240000 4 miles to 1 inch
A better estimate of scale can be made from town positions, comparing known town-town distances, using DISTAB.exe. the map scale is about:-
1 to 380000 6 miles to 1 inch
The map maker's mile is an old english mile = 1.24 statute miles.
Notes about scales.

Norden's Hampshire 1607, contents
feature list
General index
Old Hampshire Mapped

Map HMCMS:FA1996.22
 ©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2005
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