symbols;
settlements, etc

Norden's Hampshire 1595

Settlements Settlements are positioned on Norden's map of Hampshire by a dot and circle, with added elements to differentiate places: places are not differentiated by style of lettering. We have referred to the grades of settlement as hamlet, village or parish, and town, and city, for sake of having some term when discussing them. There is a table of symbols, an untidy tabulation of -
    symbol / text explanation / count of instances.

Explanation of the Map
[dot and circle, two towers, ?weathercock] / Market townes / 18
[dot and circle, tower] / Parishes & places of cure / 248
[dot and circle, upright line] / Hamlets et villages /
[dot and circle, upright line and half bar] / Chappells of ease /
[dot and circle, two towers] / Howses of besterecite /
[dot and circle] / Howses of name /
[dot and circle, crossed out by a slash] / Places ruinate and decaid /
[dot and circle, two towers, flag] / Castles / 5
[dotted circle, flag] / old trenches & fortes /
[dot and circle, cross] / Monasticall places /
[hillock, three posts] / Beacons or beaukens and Hills /
[trees] / Woody places /
[dotted line] Devision for Hundreds /
[wiggly lines, double line] / Rivers Bridges /
[dotted ring, trees] / Parkes /
The formal declaration of his conventional signs is an innovation in english mapmaking introduced by Norden, though used earlier in Europe. Looking closely the heading, the count numbers, and all the engraving from 'and Hill' onwards are added to what was a neater table. It is possible to see the end of the original table's cartouche. The amendments are on the earlier, Stent, state of the map, unchanged by Overton.

The settlements on the map have been matched to known settlements; the match is not always straightforward. The place name labels sometimes have an extended last stroke, or perhaps leading stroke, joining the place name to the symbol it is labelling. 'durley' is a clear example, the tail of the y curling up and reaching to the dot and circle. There appears to be a pattern of using a single label for more than one symbol, two or even three. For instance 'hursley' labels a parish ie village, and a park with its house. And 'warneforde' labels a parish ie village, a house of best reception, and a ruined and decayed place. This is more complicated in that we believe the house to be the ruin; two symbols for one entity.

John Norden was clearly at some pains to differentiate settlements, but interpreting his intentions from the table of symbols is not easy. We do not believe that his parish symbol, [dot and circle, tower] / Parishes & places of cure, is meant to plot a parish, an area, we think it plots a village which has the status of being a parish, has the parish church. This sort of dual thinking is still common today. The chapel of ease symbol seems more likely to indicate a hamlet that has the care of a chapel; or where there really that many little chapels all over the county - our knowledge of elizabethan society is lacking. A house of best reception symbol can often be matched to a great house, not necessarily still standing. But how much is the place just a house, and how much does the symbol also represent a settlement of dependent dwellings round about. This is even more likely to be the case with an ordinary house, the place marked is a hamlet. We are not attempting to answer these questions in Old Hampshire Mapped: the data is made available, the user can continue where we have left off.

It is worth reading John Norden's place names on this map very carefully. We believe that this map is the one copied by several succeeding map makers who misread the engraved names in ways that can be clearly understood from careful inspection of the letter shapes used here.

city; the county capital is drawn with a cluster of buildings and towers, town walls, town gates, and site astride braids of the River Itchen; labelled in lowercase italic text, eg:-
Winchester

town; several buildings and towers, with what could be a weathercock on a mast on a tower, Southampton is drawn bigger; labelled in lowercase italic text, eg:-
lymington
Southampton
Odyam

village or parish; tower; labelled in lowercase italic text, eg:-
quareley
Exton

hamlet or other small place; an upright line atop the dot and circle; labelled in lowercase italic text, eg:-
blackwater
hyth
Other settlements have variations on the line on the dot and circle, all explained in the table of symbols.

Notes about symbols.


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