settlementsOgilby's Hampshire 1675
Settlements are shown on the route and beside the route - if they are not far away, or are indicated by side turnings 'to ...'. The position of settlements off the route can be judged roughly, Ogilby:-
9. Whatever is posited upon or within the Scroll, is presum'd to bear the same Scale as the Road it self.Settlements are drawn either by pictures or by symbols.
5. Capital Towns are describ'd Ichnographically, according to their Form and Extent; but the Lesser Towns and Villages, with the mansion houses, Castles, Churches, Mills, Beacons, Woods, &c. Scenographically, or in Prospect.That is to say you should expect a ground plot (ichnographia) of a town, but a pictorial symbol (scene) of lesser places. The extent of a larger place along the road is given in furlongs in the text description of the routes.
Do notice that buildings are often drawn with a shadow to the north side.
Remember that a town, or city, might appear on more than one plate if it is the end of one route and the beginning of another. For example, Andover appears at the end of route 25, and at the start of both routes 26 and 32. And Alton is a junction, appearing on both routes 51 and 81.
The labelling of settlements is done in assorted styles. Block capitals tends to indicate large places, probably the cities; upright and bold are used for larger, italic and lowercase for smaller places - but the usages are not consistent.
|city - a town plan is drawn for large towns and cities. When the plan appears on different sheets the streets usually match, the plans are meant to be accurate, if simplified.|
|Southampton - a prospect of the town with streets, houses, gardens, town walls and gate, etc.|
|Winchester - shows the buildings flatter, more diagrammatic than pictorial.|
|town - smaller towns are drawn with a smaller town plan.|
|Kingsclere - drawn in prospect - for the traveller approaching along the road.|
|Romsey - the houses drawn in elevation lying flat beside the road - for the traveller standing in the street?|
||village, on the road - houses in prospect, eg Middle Wallop; and lying flat, eg Ifford.|
village, off the road - just the drawing of a church,
which is all you would likely see from your coach or horse back.
eg Chawton. Churches are drawn with and without steeples. A
very few have been checked and seem to be correct. The churches
are drawn correctly aligned east-west.|
Some of the churches are labelled '... church' but have been taken to imply the village
house - a drawing of a house, perhaps labelled,|
eg pl.51(4) at mile 70, Brambridg House
and pl.51(1) at mile 35, Ld Ansleys house
With the owner's name but no house name it is more difficult to know which the house is today.
castle - a drawing of a castle, a house with towers,
perhaps labelled, eg Malwood Castle.
|Notes about symbols.|
||Ogilby's Hampshire 1675, contents|
|Old Hampshire Mapped|