Road map features

Paterson's Hampshire 1785-93

more? Some images can be clicked for more information.
title cartouche: The beginning of each strip map, at the bottom of the first strip, is a semicircular cartouche with the route's title (eg: vol.1 p.68 mile 48):-
LONDON to Gosport, commencing at Alton p.38.
Page 38 is where to the way from London to Alton is found, part of another road. Other road titles give the start point for distances (eg: vol.1 p.29):-
LONDON to Portsmouth, measured from the Stones-end in the Borough.

north point: Orientation is indicated for each section of road; a line with a spear point for north, and a line across with a cross for east. The strip maps are drawn with the direction of travel going up the page, ie up is forward. (eg: vol.1 p.31)

Contrasted to earlier strip maps Paterson's are more like strips cut out of a 'normal' topographical map. They include a great deal of surrounding detail and the direction of each piece of road is meant to be true.

scale: The strip maps have no explicit scale; roads are marked with a numbered dot at 1 mile intervals. A scale can be estimated; about:-
1 to 181000
3 miles to 1 inch

coast form lines & harbours: The coast is engraved with form lines following into harbours and up river mouths.
Harbours are indicated, and may be named, (eg: vol.1 p.69 mile 75):-
The sea might be labelled, eg:-

rivers & bridges & ponds & ferries: Rivers are shown as a wiggly line which broadens towards its mouth, where it is drawn with form lines. The river may be named, (eg vol.1 p.37 mile 40):-
Wey R
Thees R.
Bridges are not clearly indicated, but are implied by the river being interupted by the road it crosses. A bridge might be named (eg: vol.1 p.39 mile 79):-
Oux Bridge
A pond may be drawn, perhaps labelled, eg:-
Fleet Pond
Or not as at Alresford Pond (eg: vol.1 p.43 mile 57).
A ferry might be drawn by a dotted line across a river, and labelled, (eg vol.1 32 mile 0):-
across the 'Itching' by Southampton.

relief & hill hachuring: Little attention is given to gradients on the roads. Relief is indicated by hachuring, and this might imply a hilly road, for example near Lopcombe Corner west of the Wallops. Some hills are labelled, eg:-
Salisbury Plain
Deanbury Hill
Ports Down
At the last the map shows the road dropping off the hillside towards Portsea (eg: vol.1 p.33 mile 67).

woods & forests: There are occasional groups of trees drawn to indicate woods or a forest. These might be labelled, (eg: vol.1 32 mile 63):-
Bere Forest

parks & houses: Parks are shown by a ring of fence palings, the drawing indicates the size and shape of the park. The interior is dotted and usually contains a house (eg: vol.1 p.69 mile 52):-
d Rotherfield e Hackwood Park, D. of Bolton.
Not all the grounds drawn like parks are old emparked areas.
In some instances the house name or the gentleman's name is drawn by the park in the map (if assembling a list of names do not rely only on the footer lists). In other instances there is a letter beside the house keying it to information in the page footer (eg: vol.1 p.45 mile 45 and footer):-
d Tylney Hall
... d Sir Jas. Tylney Long ...
Not all houses are in grounds (eg: vol.1 p.69 mile 73):-
b Cams
And a splendid castle is drawn at Powderham (eg: vol.1 p.38 mile 41):-
Powderham C.

county: Counties are labelled along the edge of a strip, (eg: vol.1 p.71 mile 69):-
A county boundary is shown by a dotted line where it crosses the road, in some cases this is labelled, eg:-
Enter Dorset
But in other instances it is unlabelled (eg: vol.1 p.71 mile 72), and might even be missed altogether.

settlements & streets: Settlements are shown by blocks and groups of blocks arranged along streets or the road. The size of the group indicates the size of the place.

roads: Roads are the reason for these maps, but the route being drawn is less prominent than in earleir road books. The road is surrounded by more detail of the countryside. The route for each strip is the familiar double line PLUS a dotted line down the centre to mark its importance.
miscellany: Daniel Paterson's strip maps show incidental features beside the road, what the tourist might or should notice, perhaps.

Paterson's Hampshire 1785-93, contents
General index
Old Hampshire Mapped

 ©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2003
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