Old Hampshire Mapped


Paterson's Hampshire 1785-93

Notes by
Martin and Jean Norgate: 2000


Contents

Introduction
The whole plates
Road map features
Preface to the road book
Other maps

Introduction

These notes are made from preliminary pages and road strip maps from the road book, Paterson's British Itinerary, by Captain Daniel Paterson, published by Carrington Bowles, 1785 and an edition published by Bowles and Carver, 1793.

The pages studied are in the Map Collection of Hampshire CC Museums Service. This study concentrates upon what can be seen from the maps; studies of the background of mapping in England, and map makers have been published elsewhere.

Editions
and
Pagination
The map sheets seen have a footer, either:-
Printed for the Proprietor CARINGTON BOWLES, London, 3 Jan. 1785.
or:-
Printed for the Proprietors BOWLES & CARVER, London
which is after Bowles's death, 1793.

Each single map page has 2 strips of road, numbered separately, on each side of the sheet.

Volume 1

In the first volume pagination starts 1and2 on the recto page; ie the first sheet has 1and2 on obverse, 3and4 on reverse. (The highest number on the sheet is 4n, for n=1 to ...). Page headers are, verso and recto:-
PATERSON'S (VOL. I.) ITINERARY,
DIRECT (VOL. I.) ROADS.

Volume 2

In the second volume pagination starts with 1and2 on a verso page; ie the first sheet is ?prelims on obverse, 1and2 on reverse. (The highest number on a sheet is 4n-2, for n=1 to ...). Page headers are, verso and recto:-
PATERSON'S (VOL. II.) ITINERARY,
CROSS (VOL. II.) ROADS.
According to the general map in volume I, 1785 edition:-
A New and GENERAL VIEW of the DIRECT ROADS OF ENGLAND & WALES as described in PATERSON'S British Itinerary
the volumes are arranged a little differently to the analysis above. The roads for the SW part of the country, divided by a line from London to the Birkenhead coast, are in volume 1, and those for the NE part in volume 2. However, cross roads for the SW are in a later section of volume 2; this includes a road map for Hampshire.

Notice that a new route is started with a semicircular cartouche below the strip map in which there is a title, which is not repeated on following sheets. If a route finishes on a page a new route may be begun on the same sheet. The title (or implied title) is given first in each route listed below.

The strip maps contain a topographical detail of the area around each road, not just the strip of road alone.

Hampshire plates The maps and itineraries presented here are from both the 1785 and 1793 editions; the plates and descriptive pages that concern Hampshire are listed below. (Note that each map plate has two numbers, one for each strip.

Principal Roads

vol.1 pp.31/32 (London to Portsmouth)
measured from the Stones-end in the Borough
through Guildford and Godalming, Surrey; across a corner of Hampshire; then Surrey; through Liphook, Petersfield, past Horndean, Hampshire: miles 28 to 63.
(HMCMS:FA2000.38)

vol.1 pp.33/34 (London to Portsmouth); through Cosham to Portsmouth, Hampshire; and from Godalming, Surrey; past Midhurst, West Sussex: miles 64 to 72.
AND
from London to Chichester; from Godalming, Surrey; to about Midhurst, West Sussex.
(HMCMS:FA2000.39)

vol.1 pp.37/38 London to Winchester and Poole
measured from Hyde Park corner
through Bagshot, Surrey; then near Farnborough, Hampshire; through Farnham, Surrey; past Alton, Hampshire: miles 22 to 56.
(HMCMS:FA2000.40)

vol.1 pp.39/40 (London to Winchester and Poole) through New Alresford, Winchester, Romsey to past Ringwood, Hampshire: miles 57 to 95.
(HMCMS:FA2000.40)

vol.1 pp.41/42 (London to Winchester and Poole) through St Leonard's Bridge to Poole, Dorset; from Guildford to Farnham, Surrey: miles 96 to 107
AND
LONDON to Farnham by Guildford measured from Cornhill
from Guildford to Farnham, Surrey.
(HMCMS:FA2000.41)

vol.1 pp.43/44
LONDON to Southampton commencing at Alresford on the Poole Road p.39.
from Alresford, routes through Twyford or Winchester, to Southampton, Hampshire: miles 58 to 76, or, the alternative route through Winchester miles 58 to 78.
AND
LONDON to the Land's End in Cornwall commencing at Bagshot. p.37.
from Bagshot, Surrey; to beyond Blackwater, Hampshire: miles 27 to 33.
(HMCMS:FA2000.41)

vol.1 pp.45/46 (London to the Lands End) through Hartfordbridge, Basingstoke, Overton, Whitchurch to beyond Andover, Hampshire: miles 34 to 67.
(HMCMS:FA1999.29)

vol.1 pp.47/48 (London to the Lands End) from near Andover, between the Wallops, Hampshire; to Salisbury, Ludwell, Wiltshire; into Dorset: miles 68 to 101.
(HMCMS:FA1999.29)

vol.1 pp.59/60 (London to the Lands End); eventually to Lands End. AND
LONDON to EXETER (the Lower Road) commencing at Basingstoke p.45
from Basingstoke, through Popham Lane, Hampshire: miles 46 to 57.
(HMCMS:FA1999.120.1)

vol.1 pp.61/62 (London to Exeter) through Sutton Scotney, Stockbridge, Hampshire; to Lopcomb Corner and beyond Salisbury, Wiltshire: miles 58 to 80+ at Salisbury; miles 0 to 10 from Salisbury.
(HMCMS:FA1999.120.1)

vol.1 pp.67/68 London to Poole; from near Salisbury, Wiltshire; through Cranborne, Wimborn Minster to Poole, Dorset; ...
AND
LONDON to Gosport commencing at Alton p.38.
a new route from Alton, Hampshire: miles 48 to 49.
(HMCMS:FA1999.31)

vol.1 pp.69/70 (London to Gosport) through Filmore Hill, Froxfield, Wickham and Fareham, to Gosport, Hampshire: miles 50 to 78.
AND
LONDON to Taunton continued to Exeter; commencing at Andover p.46.
westwards from Andover, Hampshire: miles 64 to 66.
(HMCMS:FA1999.120.2)

vol.1 pp.71/72 (London to Taunton and Exeter) through Thruxton, Hampshire; to beyond Amesbury, Mere, Wiltshire: miles 67 to 100.
(HMCMS:FA1999.120.2)

vol.2 pp.23/24 (Bath to Salisbury and Southampton) through Wilton and Salisbury, Wiltshire; then Romsey to Southampton, Hampshire: miles 0 to 15+ for Salisbury to Romsey; miles 7+ to 0 for Romsey to Southampton.
(HMCMS:FA1999.27)

Cross Roads


lesser roads In the 1785 edition, vol.1, a note explains:-
Roads of Lesser Note, OR BRANCHES FROM THE GREATER, Are described in LETTER-PRESS to prevent the swelling of the Work to too great a Size.
Each page has several route segments, which are meant to be read from the bottom of the section of text upwards line by line; matching the arrangement of the strip maps which read up the page in the direction of travel so that you are looking ahead from your position. The notes here, from the text passages, are made from the last line to the first of each section.
There text itineraries in both volumes 1 and 2.

vol.1 p.193
LONDON to HAVANT
to Petersfield see p.32, through Horndean, to Havant, Hampshire: miles 54 1/2 to 66 1/2.

vol.1 p.195
LONDON to LYMINGTON
to Winchester, 'see below' through St Cross, Redbridge, Lyndhurst to Lymington, Hampshire: miles 63 1/2 to 89 3/4.

vol.1 p.195
LONDON to BISHOP'S WALTHAM
to Meonstoke see p.69; to Bishops Waltham, Hampshire: miles 64 to 68

vol.1 p.195 [no route name]; to Basingstoke, see p.45, to Kingsclere, Hampshire: miles 46 1/2 to 56.

vol.1 p.195
LONDON to WINCHESTER by Basingstoke
to Basingstoke see p.45, through Popham Lane, to Winchester, Hampshire: miles 46 1/2 to 63 1/2.

vol.1 p.196
LONDON to ODIHAM
to Hartfordbridge see p.46; to Odiham, Hampshire: miles 36 to 42.

vol.1 p.196
LONDON to DOWNTON
to Romsey, Hampshire, see p.39; to Downton, Wiltshire.

vol.1 p.196
LONDON to FORDINGBRIDGE
to Romsey see p.39; to Fordingbridge, Hampshire: miles 76 1/2 to 89 1/2.

vol.2 p.37
BATH to BRIGHTHELMSTONE and NEWHAVEN
to Romsey see p.24, Southwick, Havant, Hampshire; Chichester, West Sussex ...: miles 53, to 90 at Chichester.

vol.2 p.37
BATH to WINCHESTER by Rumsey
to Romsey see p.24; to Winchester, Hampshire: miles 53 to 64.

vol.2 p.37
BATH to WINCHESTER by Stockbridge
to Salisbury, Wiltshire see p.23; Stockbridge to Winchester, Hampshire: miles 37 to 60 1/2.

vol.2 p.37
BATH to PORTSMOUTH
to Romsey see p.24, Mansbridge, Wickham, Cosham, to Portsmouth, Hampshire: miles 53 to 81 1/4.

vol.2 p.76
OXFORD to BASINGSTOKE by Newbury
through Newbury, Berkshire; Kingsclere to Basingstoke, Hampshire: miles 0 to 42 3/4.

vol.2 p.76
OXFORD to CHICHESTER by Reading
to Reading, Berkshire p.27/28; Hartfordbridge, Hampshire; Farnham, Surrey; Midhurst to Chichester, West Sussex: miles 27 1/2 to 80 3/4.
OR
through Aldermaston, Berkshire; Pamber, Basingstoke, Alton, Petersfield, Hampshire; to Chichester, West Sussex: miles 30 1/2 to 78.

vol.2 p.79
OXFORD to WINCHESTER
to Aldermaston, Berkshire see p.75; through Baughurst, Popham Lane to Winchester, Hampshire: miles 30 1/2 to 56.

vol.2 p.79
OXFORD to SALISBURY
to Abingdon then Wantage, Oxfordshire; through Hungerford, Berkshire; across a corner of Hampshire near South Tidworth; to Salisbury, Wiltshire: miles 0 to 55 1/2.

vol.2 p.81
PORTSMOUTH to SALISBURY
to Romsey, Hampshire see p.37; to Salisbury, Wiltshire: miles 28 1/2 to 44 1/4.

vol.2 p.81
PORTSMOUTH to OXFORD
through Southwick, Wickham, Bishops Waltham, New Alresford, Hampshire; Aldermaston, Berkshire; to Oxford, Oxfordshire: miles 0 to 80 1/4.

vol.2 p.81
PORTSMOUTH to CHICHESTER
through Cosham, Havant, Hampshire; to Chichester, West Sussex: miles 0 to 18.

vol.2 p.81
POOL to LYMINGTON
through 'Iford Hants'; Milton, to Lymington, Hampshire: miles 0 to 22.

vol.2 p.82
READING to BASINGSTOKE
through Whitley, Berkshire; Stratfield Turgis, to Basinsgtoke, Hampshire: miles 0 to 16.

vol.2 p.82
READING to ANDOVER
through Theal, Aldermaston, Berkshire; Kingsclere, Whitchurch to Andover, Hampshire: miles 0 to 31.

vol.2 p.87
SOUTHAMPTON to GOSPORT by the Ferries
'To Itching Ferry, Hants', Bursledon Ferry, Titchfield, to Gosport, Hampshire: miles 0 to 16.

vol.2 p.87
SOUTHAMPTON to GOSPORT
through Botley, Titchfield, to Gosport, Hampshire: miles 0 to 23.

vol.2 p.91
WALTHAM to ODIHAM
through Salt Lane (6 miles from Bishops Waltham), Tichbourn, New Alresford, to Odiham, Hampshire: miles 0 to 26.

vol.2 p.92
WINCHESTER to PORTSMOUTH
Bishops Waltham, Wickham, Southwick, Cosham, to Portsmouth, Hampshire: miles 0 to 27.

vol.2 p.92
WINCHESTER to SALISBURY
through Romsey, Hampshire; to Salisbury, Wiltshire: miles 0 to 27.

assizes The book also lists the circuits of the assize court judges, including in the Western Circuit, the following places in Hampshire:-

vol.2 p.92
Western Circuit (Hampshire part); ...
Romsey, Southampton (assize town), Winchester (assize town), New Alresford, Alton ...



References Box, E G: 1932=1935: Hampshire in Early Maps and early Roadbooks: Hampshire Field Club: XII



Paterson's Hampshire 1785-93, contents
General index
Old Hampshire Mapped

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