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Map, hand coloured copper plate engraving, Southamtoniae,
ie Hampshire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, engraved by
Leonard Terwoort, Antwerp, Netherlands, published by
Christopher Saxton, map maker, London? about 1575.
Published in the Atlas of England and Wales; it was usually issued in hand coloured form; measurements and notes made in the field were worked up later, with the help of earlier manuscript maps if available; Saxton almost certainly used the rudimentary triangulation techniques first described by the cartographer Frisius, Belgium, 1533.
Hills are drawn in profile to provide a general impression of the local topography, while named settlements are shown by a variety of symbols including a church with tower; rivers, coastline, some bridges, deer parks and woods are all included; the most obvious omission on Saxton's maps, to our eyes, are roads, which were not included on general county maps until the 1690s.
The map '... provides us with our first english example of accurate cartography': Colonel Close: 1930:: Hampshire Field Club.
Saxton's county maps were engraved by Ryther, Hogenberg, Reynolds, Terwoort and Scatter.
Christophorus Saxton descripsit
SOVT / HAMTONIAE / Comitus (preter Insulas / Vectis Jersey, et Garnsey / quoe sunt partes eiusdem / comitatus) cum suis undiq / confinibus Oppidis, pagis, / villis, et fluminibus, / vera descriptio
LEONADUS TERWOORT ANTVERPIANUS SCULPSIT
|scale:-||1 to 190000 ? (1 to 193431 from scale line wrongly assuming a statute mile)|
|scale:-||1 to 240000 ? (from town positions using DISTAB.exe)|
|Saxton's Hampshire 1575, contents|
|Old Hampshire Mapped|