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RVNT VIX A. LXX
HIC EXSEGERE FATA
... ENVS SC GERMA ...
... S REGVIX. AN. ...
S VIX AN ...
... IX ...
A, VIX. AN.
XII. IIID. XX H
Here also is to be seen this stone, handsomely carved, on which two winged Genii support a wreath as below: See Pl.VIII. fig.7. The inscription is to be read, Victoriae Augustorum Dominorum nostrorum.
MORICAMBE. Home Cultrain.
Michael Scotus. Waver r. Wiza r. Old
Carlisle. CASTRA EXPLORATUM. ALA AUGUSTA.
Holme Coultram Abbey
The shore proceeding strait from hence, presently forms such
a bending winding bay, that it seems to be MORICAMBE, which
Ptolemy places hereabouts. The situation and name of the
place agree; for the aestuary bends in, and Moricambe
signifies in British crooked sea. On this David I.
king of Scotland founded Holme, or as it is commonly
called Holme Cultrain abbey; and Vulstey
castle was built by the abbots in the neighbourhood to
secure their treasure, books, and records, from the sudden
inroads of the Scots. In this castle are said to be
concealed a prey to the moths the works of Michael Scotus,
who professed a religious life here about the year 1290, so
deeply immersed in mathematical studies and sciences, that
he obtained the character of a magician with the vulgar,
whose foolish credulity reported him to have wrought
wonders. Below this monastery falls into the aestuary the
little river Waver, after receiving the Wiza
another little stream, at whose source the poor remains of
an antient city stand as monuments that nothing in this
world is exempt from the lot of mortality. This is now
called by the inhabitants Old Carlisle: what was its
antient name I know not, unless it was CASTRA EXPLORATUM
[*], The distance in Antoninus (who does not take the
shortest way, but recites the more considerable places),
agrees both from Bulgium and Luguvallum. The situation was
very convenient for discovering an enemy; for it stands on a
hill of considerable height, affording a good view of the
country all round. Certain it is, that the wing, which, for
its valor, was called AUGUSTA and AUGUSTA GORDIANA was here
in the time of Gordian, from the following inscriptions
which I saw in the neighbourhood of this place at Ilkirk:
#x002A; Jovi Optimo Maximo
#x002A; INGM LING. N.
Phil Trans. 357.
[*] I. O. M.
ALA. AVG. OB
[*] ... RTVT. APPEL. CVI
PRAEEST. TIB. CL. TIB.F.P. [*]
[*] IN ... G ... N JVSTINVS
II. SILANO II COS
#x002A; [EX]RIAE[ ]
PRO SALVTE IMPERATORIS
M. ANTONI GORDIANI. P. F.
INVICTI AVG ET SABINAE TR [*]
IAE TRANQVILE CONIVGI EIVS TO
TAQVE DOMV DIVIN. EORVM A-
LA AVG. GORDIA. OB VIRTVTEM
APPELLATA POSVIT: CVI PRAEEST
AEMILIVS CRISPINVS PRAEF.
EQQ. NATVS IN PRO AFRICA DE
[*] TVIDRO SVB CVR NONNII PH
LIPPI LEG. AVG. PROPRETO ...
ATTICO ET PRETEXTATO
From hence were brought the altars that stand by the road
side at Wigton, having on their sides a simpulum, a
futile [t], a mallet, a patera, and other instruments of
sacrifice: but the letters are entirely worn out by time.
Not far from hence was dug up by the military way a pillar
of rough stone, now at Thoresby, with the inscription [u]:
ET M. IVL. PHI
TR. P. COS ...
This was likewise copied for me by that most learned minister Oswald Dikes, now preserved in his brother T. Dike's house at Wardal.
#x002A; For Aram ex vota.
DIATOVA [*] ARAE
X VOTO POSVIT
Another similar isncription in honour of a topical deity has also been found:
MRTI ET MS
SE ET SVIS. V. S.
besides great numbers of small images, statues on horses, eagles, lions, Ganimedes, and many other evidences of antiquity continually coming to light.
A little higher up runs out a small cape, and below it lies a large aestuary, called by the Scots Solway
Concerning the Areani see hereafter under the Picts wall.
This votive altar also of a rude stone was erected for the
happy health of the emperor Gordian the 3d and his wife
Furia Sabina Tranquilla and their whole family, by the
troops of horsemen surnamed Augusta Gordiana, when Aemilius
Crispinus, a native of Africa, governed the same under
Nonnius Philippus, lieutenant-general of Britain, in the
year of Christ 243, as appeareth by the consuls therein
Not as Gibson reads Fusile, and translates it a
melter. Futile he explained before an open
To the honour of Philip the emperor and his son who
flourished about the year of our Lord 248. Holland.
Another such inscription was found near Brougham castle in
later times. (Gale MS.).
|-- "Moricambe" -- Allonby Bay|
|-- "Holme Abbey" -- Holme Coultram Abbey|
|-- "Moricambe" -- Moricambe|
|-- "Volantium" -- (roman fort, Maryport)|
|-- "Old Carlisle" -- (roman fort, Old Carlisle)|
|-- "Solway Frith" -- Solway Firth|
|-- "Vulstey Castle" -- Wolsty Castle|