button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Castle Crag
parish Borrowdale parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
rocks
coordinates:- NY249159
10Km square:- NY21

1Km square NY2415

photograph

Castle Crag -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 29.6.2011
photograph

Castle Crag -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- 6.3.2012

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 81:-
... Grange, ... Just behind it, the noble wooded rock, which leaves room only for the road and the river, is Castle Crag; and nimble youths who have reached its summit, say the view is splendid. It is, in itself, a fine spectacle.
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Plate, opposite p.93:-
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Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Applethwaite near Keswick, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM APPLETHWAITE NEAR KESWICK.
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image:-
1 Wallow Crag, 2 Falcon Crag, 3 Shepherd's Crag / Lowdore below, 4 Glaramara, 5 Brund, 6 Castle Crag, 7 Great End, 8 Scawfell Pike, 9 Catbell, 10, High Stile, 11 Red Pike, 12 Grasmoor, 13 Causey Pike, 14 Melbreak, 15 Grisdale Pike
person:- artist : Aspland, T L
person:- engraver : Banks, W
person:- publisher : Garnett, John
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY21, button to large image
Castle Crag
hill hachuring

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY21, button to large image
Castle Crag
Hill hachuring.

placename:- Castle Crag
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (4th edn 1830)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
Page 115:-
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The Mountains South-West of Derwentwater: / as seen from Keswick.
Brund and Glaramara / Esk Hause / Castle Crag and Great End / Scawfell Pike / Gait Crag / Blea Crag / Bull Crag / Cat Bell / Hindscarth / Gold Scalp / Robinson / High Stile / Red Pike / Rawling end / Causey Pike / Sail / Ill Crags / Barrow / Swinside / Coledale Hause / Grisedale Pike

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1830
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
thumbnail O80E06, button to large image
Engraving, outline view of mountains, Derwent Water from Crow Park, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, opposite p.10 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

old print:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P021, button   goto source.
Page 21:-
image OT2E04, button   goto source.
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...
image OT01P080, button   goto source.
Page 80:-
THE CRAGS.
... Castle Crag, in Borrowdale (said to have been a Roman station), ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY21, button   goto source.
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placename:- Castle Crag
hill

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY21, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02NY21, button to large image

placename:- Castle Crag
rocks
county:- Cumberland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P093, button   goto source.
Page 93:-
... Castle-crag may be seen, in the centre of the amphitheatre, threatening to block up the pass it once defended. ...
image WS21P094, button   goto source.
Page 94:-
On the summit of Castle-crag are the remains of a fort; ...
...
image WS21P107, button   goto source.
Page 107:-
The prospect to the south [from Latrigg] ... full into the rocky jaws of Borrowdale, ... Castle-crag, in Borrowdale, stands first of all the forest of embattled rocks, whose forked heads, reared to the sky, shine in the sun like spears of burnished steel. ...
image WS21P205, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 205:-
... Beside the village [Grange] rises a round eminence of a rock covered entirely in old trees, and over that more proudly towers Castle-cragg, invested also with wood on its sides, and bearing on its naked top some traces of a fort, said to be Roman, By the side of this hill, which almost blocks up the way, the valley turns to the left, and contracts its dimensions till there is hardly any road but the rocky bed of the river. ...

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Donald 1774

Castle Hill

placename:- Castle Hill
date:- 1774
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old print:- Jenkinson 1875

Guide book, A Practical Guide to the English Lake District, by Henry Irwin Jenkinson, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 4th edition 1875.
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Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Skiddaw, Cumberland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
... Castle Crag ...
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Print, lithograph, outline view, Panoramic Sketches from Scawfell Pike, Cumberland, by Edwin A Pettitt, London, published by Edward Stanford, 55 Charing Cross, London, 1875.
... Castle Crag ...

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1875
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Black 1856 (23rd edn 1900)

Guide book, Black's Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, or Soho Square, London, 1856 to 1900s onwards.
thumbnail BC08E4, button to large image
Print, lithograph, Outline Views, Skiddaw and Derwent Water - Mountains as seen at Lodore Hotel, and Mountains as seen at the Third Gate on Ascending Latrigg on the Way to Skiddaw, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1900.
... 7 Castle Crag ...

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1900
period:- 1900s

old print:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
thumbnail MNU114, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Applethwaite near Keswick, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
Folded in opposite p.93 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.
The view is captioned, numbers refering to mountains in the image - 1 Wallow Crag, 2 Falcon Crag, 3 Shepherd's Crag / Lowdore below, 4 Glaramara, 5 Brund, 6 Castle Crag, 7 Great End, 8 Scawfell Pike, 9 Catbell, 10, High Stile, 11 Red Pike, 12 Grasmoor, 13 Causey Pike, 14 Melbreak, 15 Grisdale Pike.
printed at top:-
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM APPLETHWAITE NEAR KESWICK.
printed at bottom left, right:-
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.71)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
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Print, uncoloured engraving, Castle Crag, Borrowdale, from the Village of Grange, Cumberland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J C Bentley, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1832-35.
vol.1 pl.71 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / J. C. Bentley. / CASTLE CRAG, BORROWDALE, FROM THE VILLAGE OF GRANGE, CUMBERLAND.

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Tattersall 1836

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Print, engraving, Derwentwater and Entrance to Borrowdale, Cumberland, drawn by George Tattersall, engraved by W F Topham, published by Sherwood and Co, Paternoster Row, London, about 1836.
The print is captioned with mountain names and acts as an outline view.
Tipped in opposite p.60 of The Lakes of England, by George Tattersall.
printed at bottom:-
DERWENTWATER & ENTRANCE TO BORROWDALE.
printed at bottom left to right:-
Ashness. / Gowder Crag. / Hollow Stone Crag. / Glaramara. / Shepherd's Crag. / Grange Crag. / Castle Crag. / Gt. End. / Scawfell Pike. / Maiden Moor. / Higher Catbell.

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1836
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Green 1790s-1820s

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Print, uncoloured aquatint, Skiddaw, taken near Castle Crag, Underskiddaw, Cumberland, drawn, engraved and published by William Green, Ambleside, 1804.
Plate 18 from some series.
printed at bottom:-
Skiddaw, / taken near Castle Crag. / Drawn and Engraved by Wm. Green, and Published at Ambleside, June 24, 1804.

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1804
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0264, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Castle Crag, near Keswick, Cumberland, drawn by Havell, engraved by Backshell, published 1820s-30s?
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
Havell, pinxt. / Backshell, sculpt. / CASTLE CRAG, NEAR KESWICK, CUMBERLAND.

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1820=1839
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Black 1841 (3rd edn 1846)

Guide book, Black's Picturesque Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Blck, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, 1841 to 1888.
thumbnail BC02E4, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains as seen at Lowdore Inn, and Mountains as seen at the Third Gate on Ascending Latrigg on the Way to Skiddaw, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1846.
... 7 Castle Crag ...

placename:- Castle Crag
date:- 1844
period:- 19th century, early

illustration:- LNWR 1910

Guide book, The English Lakes, published by the London and North Western Railway, LNWR, about 1910.
thumbnail NW01E6, button to large image
date:- 1910
period:- 1910s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Castle Crag -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- Trees on top. -- 6.3.2012
tiny photograph, 
button to large Castle Crag -- Borrowdale -- Cumbria / -- Cairn, not on top. -- 6.3.2012

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2008

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2012
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