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placename:- Coniston Copper Mines
locality:- Coniston Fells
parish Coniston parish, once in Lancashire
county:- Cumbria
copper mine; mine
coordinates:- SD290985, SD280993
10Km square:- SD29
References Adams, John: 1988: Mines of the Lake District Fells: Dalesman Books (Lancaster, Lancashire):: ISBN 0 85206 931 6

1Km square SD2998

photograph

Coniston Copper Mines -- Coniston Fells -- Coniston -- Cumbria / -- 8.9.2010
photograph

Coniston Copper Mines -- Coniston Fells -- Coniston -- Cumbria / -- 8.9.2010

old map:- OS County Series (Lan 1)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Paddy End Works (Copper)

placename:- Paddy End Works
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- OS County Series (Lan 1)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Coniston Copper Works

placename:- Coniston Copper Works
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 168:-
... From the earliest recorded times, there have been works here [Old Man of Coniston] for the extraction of copper; and at present it is no unusual thing for £2,000 per month to be paid away in wages. The works commence at about half a-mile up the mountain, on its east side; and there is a large estab-
Page 169:-
[estab]lishment of sheds, shops and offices, clustered at the upper end of a basin among the hills. If the traveller desires to explore the mines, he can descend on that side of the mountain. ...
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P157, button   goto source.
Page 157:-
... A mine at Coniston, near the southern boundary, produces the yellow sulphuret; ...
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:- Fielding and Walton 1821 (plate 6)

Set of prints, Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes, illustrated with hand coloured aquatints by Theodore Henry Fielding and John Walton, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
thumbnail FW0106, button to large image
Print, coloured aquatint, Copper Mill, Coniston, Lancashire, drawn by Theodore H A Fielding, published by R Ackermann, 101 Strand, London, 1821.
Tipped in opposite p.24 in A Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes.

placename:- Copper Mill
date:- 1821
period:- 19th century, early

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) -- perhaps relevant

image SMP2NYF, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYF, button to large image
Copper Mines
Building.
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
... Indeed [Cumberland, Westmorland] here was formerly, as far back as Queen Elizabeth, some copper mines, and they wrought them to good advantage; but whether the vein of oar fail'd, or what else was the reason, we know not, but they are all given over long since, ...
...
... Derwent Fells, where the ancient copper mines were found in Queen Elizabeth's time, and in which, it was said, there was a large quantity of gold. But they are discontinued since that time, for what reason, I know not; for there are several copper mines now working in this county, and which, as they told me, turn to very good account.
Some tell us, the copper mines on Derwent Fells were discontinued, because there being gold found among the oar, the queen claimed the royalty, and so no body would work them; which seems to be a reason why they shou'd have been applied to the search with more vigour; but be that how it will, they are left off, and the more probable account is, what a gentleman of Penrith gave us, namely, that the charge of working them was too great for the profits.

date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) -- probably relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY30, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY30, button to large image
the Copermines
No symbol.
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

drawing:- KDMRS 1979-82

Log book and sketch maps from the Kendal and District Mine Research Society, 1979-82.
Geological Outing of the Kendal and District Mine Research Society
Log book page 48:-
DATE - SUNDAY 30/3/80 / MAP REF - 2900/9850 (SHEET 96 1:50000) / LOCATION - CONISTON / NAME - CONISTON COPPER MINE / TYPE OF SITE - MINES / WORKING OR DISUSED - DISUSED / PEOPLE IN PARTY [ ] / NOS. OF PHOTOS - SLIDES Nos.27. / SPECIMENS FOUND - MALACHITE / COMMENTS - WARM DRY DAY. ENTERED MINE VIA HORSE LEVEL, AND REACHED OLD ENGINE SHAFT, FOLLOWED ONE OR TWO LEVELS WHICH ALL ENDED IN ROCK WALLS. PLENTY OF STOPING. ENGINE SHAFT FULL OF WATER UP TO HORSE LEVEL. A LEVEL IN THE BECK WAS ALSO INVESTIGATED ON THE WAY BACK FROM THE MINE, BUT WAS FOUND TO BE IN WATER, TO (sic) DEEP TO WALK INTO, AND A FURTHER TRIP NEXT YEAR WAS PROPOSED WITH BOAT.
Log book page 68:-
DATE - 17/8/80 / MAP REF - / LOCATION - / NAME - / TYPE OF SITE - / WORKING OR DISUSED - / PEOPLE IN PARTY [ ] / NOS. OF PHOTOS - 27. / SPECIMENS FOUND - SMALL PIECES OF COPPER PYRITES & MALACHITE. / COMMENTS - WARM DULL DAY. ENTERED LEVEL IN BECK UNDER WATERFALL, BUT THIS LEVEL WAS ONLY A TRIAL AND EXTENDED ONLY A FEW HUNDRED FEET. ENTERED FOUR OTHER LEVELS AT THE MAIN MINE AREA, THE HORSE LEVEL, UP TO THE ENGINE SHAFT, AND THREE OTHERS AT THE PADDY END MINES, SOME WERE IN DEEP WATER, OTHERS WERE DRY. (SEE ALSO 30/3/80)
Drawing:-
thumbnail KMR11, button to large image
CONISTON MINE BONSER VEIN.
thumbnail KMR36, button to large image
PADDY END MINE

placename:- Coniston Copper Mines
other name:- Coniston Mine
other name:- Bonser Vein
other name:- Paddy End Mine
coordinates:- SD29009850
date:- 1980
period:- 1980s

old print:- Black 1856 (23rd edn 1900)

Guide book, Black's Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, or Soho Square, London, 1856 to 1900s onwards.
thumbnail BC08E3, button to large image
Print, lithograph, Outline Views, Grasmere and Coniston - Mountains as seen from Redbank, Grasmere, and Mountains as seen a little beyond Tent Lodge on the Road from Coniston to Ulverstone, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1900.
... Copper Mines ...
date:- 1900
period:- 1900s

old print:- Black 1841 (3rd edn 1846)

Guide book, Black's Picturesque Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Blck, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, 1841 to 1888.
thumbnail BC02E3, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains as seen from Red Bank, Grasmere, and Mountains as seen a little beyond Tent-Lodge on the Road from Coniston to Ulverston, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1846.
... Copper Mines ...
date:- 1844
period:- 19th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Coniston Copper Mines -- Coniston Fells -- Coniston -- Cumbria / -- Paddy End workings? -- 3.9.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Coniston Copper Mines -- Coniston Fells -- Coniston -- Cumbria / -- 3.9.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Coniston Copper Mines -- Coniston Fells -- Coniston -- Cumbria / -- Coniston Copper Works, and now the YHA. -- 8.9.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Coniston Copper Mines -- Coniston Fells -- Coniston -- Cumbria / -- 3.9.2007

Exploits a system of veins of copper pyrite, Paddy End Old Vein, New South Vein, South Vein, Belman Hole Vein, Kernal Vein, Park's Vein, Triddle Vein, Bonser Vein, and the South Lode, etc. Some nickel, cobalt and lead was found as well as copper.
Possibly worked by the Romans; from 1590 worked by the Company of Mines Royal; closed 1908. Various attempts to get more copper made up to mid 20th century.
Much of the copper in the 19th century was used to line the bottoms of wooden sailing ships.
Adams, John: 1988: Mines of the Lake District Fells: Dalesman Books (Lancaster, Lancashire):: ISBN 0 85206 931 6
Holland, Eric G: 1981: Coniston Copper Mines: Cicerone Press (Milnthorpe, Cumbria):: ISBN 0 90236 336 0

hearsay It is said: that in the mid 19th century a Mrs Linton belived that there were:-
bogies, kobolds, gnomes, and all manner of evil influences in the very entrails of the Old Man.

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2008

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