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placename:- Crosthwaite's Museum
locality:- Keswick
parish Keswick parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
museum
coordinates:- NY265235
10Km square:- NY22

1Km square NY2623

photograph

Crosthwaite's Museum -- Keswick -- Keswick -- Cumbria / -- Plaque, under a sculpture on Main Street:- -- 'THIS BUILDING WAS FORMERLY A CARRIERS WAREHOUSE AND LATER A MUSEUM OF LOCAL ANTIQUITIES AND NATURAL HISTORY - 1780-1870. WAS FOUNDED BY PETER CROSTHWAITE 1735-1808 A NATIVE OF THIS TOWN A NAVAL COMMANDER IN THE EAST INDIA SERVICE AND A MAN OF CONSIDERABLE INGENUITY ...' -- NY26522355 (at) -- 17.9.2006

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 72:-
... Crosthwaite's Museum is also a place of great interest, for its own sake, as well as that of its founder,- Peter Crosthwaite, the first real explorer, surveyor and draughtsman of the district, and the inventor of the Aeolian harp, the life-boat (the reward of which invention he missed through
Page 73:-
carelessness in a government office,) and various other matters, useful or curious. The museum contains ancient coins, ancient books, and a good geological and mineralogical collection. It was begun between 70 and 80 years ago; and the founder died in 1808. It is preserved, improved and exhibited by his descendants.
person:- : Crosthwaite, Peter
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

hearsay Peter Crosthwaite did not invent the aeolian harp, which is sometimes credited to St Dunstan 909-988. The present form of the instrument has been around since the 16th or 17th century. This is a long wooden box, a resonator, with several strings of different thicknesses stretched across two bridges, tuned in unison. Wind blowing across the strings akes them sing, like telephone wires. Peter Crosthwaite made an improved version. Aeolian harps were made and sold in Westmorland and Cumberland in the 18th and 19th centuries.

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 51:-
...
[Keswick] ... Here are two museums, exhibiting the geological history of the surrounding locality, and many foreign curiosities; one was established by the late Mr. Crosthwaite, and is now kept by his son. At both the museums, the various mineral productions of the district are exposed for sale. ...
Page 166:-
[Keswick] ... There are two museums, containing many curiosities, and specimens of the mineralogy and geology of the district. ...
person:- : Crosthwaite, Peter
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map (vignette):- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (But/Cru/Low)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT08Vgn3, button to large image
Crosthwaite's Museum at Keswick ...

placename:- Crosthwaite's Museum
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

old advertisement:- Atkinson 1847 (5th edn 1850)

thumbnail AK2A03, button to large image
Advertisement for Crosthwaite's Celebrated Museum, Keswick, Cumberland, 1850.
At the end of a Handbook to the English Lakes, 5th edn.

placename:- Crosthwaite's Museum
person:- : Crosthwaite, Peter
date:- 1850
period:- 19th century, late

hearsay William Gell commented upon the museum, 1797:-
His collection chiefly consists of mineral productions and those indian bows, caps and ornaments which are to be found in every museum ... His daughter is an elegant woman and more worth seeing than anything else in his house ...

hearsay Iin the Market Place, a few yards from the Royal Oak, NOT in the old town hall.

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2008

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