button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Crow Park
locality:- Keswick
parish Keswick parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
park; building/s
coordinates:- NY265229
10Km square:- NY22

1Km square NY2622

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P120, button   goto source.
Page 120:-
... Crow Park, which at the time of the attainder of the late Earl of Derwentwater, was a wood of stately oaks; but is now a fine, swelling, verdant field, on which races are annually held. ...
person:- : Derwentwater, Earl of
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Clarke 1787 map (Der)

Map series, lakes and roads to the Lakes, by James Clarke, engraved by S J Neele, 352 Strand, London, included in A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, published by James Clarke, Penrith, and in London etc, from 1787 to 1793.
thumbnail CL152623, button to large image

placename:- Crow Park
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Der)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT2NY22Q, button to large image
Crow Park / West's 1st. Station

placename:- Crow Park
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P088, button   goto source.
Page 88:-
... Crow-park, which formerly contained a grove of oaks of immemorial growth, whose fall the bard of Lowes-water thus bemoans, in humble plaintive numbers:
   - That ancient wood where beasts did safely rest, / And where the crow long time had built her nest, / Now falls a destin'd prey to savage hands, / Being doom'd, alas! to visit distant lands. / Ah! what avails they boasted strength at last! / That brav'd the rage of many a furious blast; / When now the body's spent with many a wound, / Load groans its last, and thunders on the ground, / While hills, and dales, and woods, and rocks resound,
This now shadeless pasture, is a gentle eminence, not too high, on the very margin [of the lake Derwent Water] ...
image WS21P089, button   goto source.
Page 89:-
... Mr. Gray speaks thus,- 'October 4, I walked to Crow-park, now a rough pasture, once a glade of ancient oaks, whose large roots still remain in the ground, but nothing has sprung from them. If one single tree had remained, this would have been an unparalleled spot; ...'
image WS21P090, button   goto source.
Page 90, footnote:-
As one province of the Guide, is to point out the characteristic features, and distinguished parts of this lake, in order to exhibit the best landscape picture to the artist, and to give the most pleasure and entertainment to the company who make the tour, the author has taken all possible care to secure these ends in his choice of stations. Yet, there is one impediment attends his descriptions, which will, in part, prevent their permanency, and that is, the annual fall of timber and coppice wood, and the frequent removal of the picturesque trees which take place on the borders of the lakes. These accidents, however, as they cannot be prevented, must be allowed for by the candid traveller, where he finds the original differing in these respects from the account given of it in the book.
The fall of Crow park, on Derwent-water, has long been regretted. And Mr. Gray's beautiful description of Foe-park, above mentioned, is not now to be verified.
It is true that the painter, by the creative power of his pencil, can supply such deficiencies in the features of his landscape, but the plastic power of nature, or the careful hand of industry, directed by taste and judgement, can only make up such losses to the visitors of the lakes.
Thus much was thought proper to be subjoined in this place, as an apology, once for all, for the casual differences of this kind, that may be found between the descriptions given of these lakes in this manual, and their real appearance at any future time.
image WS21P206, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 206:-
In the evening I walked alone down to the lake, by the side of Crow-park, after sun-set, and saw the solemn colouring of the night draw on, the last gleam of sun-shine fading away on the hill tops, the deep serene of the waters, and the long shadows of the mountains thrown across them, till they nearly touched the hithermost shore. At a distance were heard the murmurs of many water-falls, not audible in the day time; I wished for the moon, but she was dark to me, and silent,
   Hid in her vacant interlunar cave.
Oct. 4. I walked to Crow-park, now a rough pasture, once a glade of ancient oaks, whose large roots still remain in the ground, but nothing has sprung from them. If one single tree had remained, this would have been an unparalleled spot: and Smith judged right when he took his print of the lake from hence, for it is a gentle eminence, not too high, on the very margin of the water, and commanding it from end to end, looking full into the gorge of Borrowdale. ...
person:- : Gray, Mr
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

hearsay The hillock of Crow Park is one of a group of drumlins deposited at the end of the glacier flowing out of Borrowdale. It is made of boulder clay, pebbles and rocks and clay.

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2008

button to lakes menu  Lakes Guides menu.

©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2012
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
button, online connection  Other projects

button, online connection  Geography Department, Portsmouth University