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placename:- Esk, River
parish Kirkandrews parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
river; boundary; county boundary
coordinates:- NY3666
10Km square:- NY37
10Km square:- NY36
parish Rockcliffe parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
river
coordinates:- NY3666
10Km square:- NY36
parish Arthuret parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
river
coordinates:- NY3666
10Km square:- NY36
locality:- Cumbria boundary

1Km square NY3666

1Km square NY3666

1Km square NY3666

photograph

Esk, River -- Cumbria boundary -- Kirkandrews and Rockcliffe etc -- Cumbria -- Cumbria -- Cumbria / -- At Longtown Bridge. -- NY37786888 (at) -- 15.9.2006
photograph

Esk, River -- Cumbria boundary -- Kirkandrews and Rockcliffe etc -- Cumbria -- Cumbria -- Cumbria / -- At the Netherby footbridge. -- 15.9.2006

source:- OS County Series (Cmd 10)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Ordinary Spring Tides flow to this point
coordinates:- NY35836521
date:- 1867=1868
period:- 19th century, late; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY37, button to large image
Esk R.

placename:- Esk River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 175:-
...
... Rowcliff ... Above this the two rivers Esk and Leven fall with united streams with one common mouth as it were into Eden frith. The Esk comes from Scotland, but for some miles owns itself a subject of England, and receives the river Kirsop, where the English and Scots lately separated not so much by the river as their mutual fears gave ample proof of the great qualities of both nations. ...

placename:- Esk, River
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

quoting John Leland
Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 179:-
...
... the ryver of Eske in the north side, the which divideth Cumbreland from the batable ground until it come to the arm of the se which divideth England from Scotland.

other name:- Eske, River
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY47, button to large image
wiggly line then double line, national boundary Cumberland Scotland
thumbnail BO18NY36, button to large image
double line with stream lines, into the sea
thumbnail BO18NY26, button to large image
river mouth, into the sea
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P187, button   goto source.
Longtown, near where the Eske and Kirksop Rivers meet: ...

placename:- Eske, River
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY38, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY38, button to large image
Esk River

placename:- Esk River
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY38, button to large image
Esk flud
thumbnail JAN3NY37, button to large image
thumbnail JAN3NY36, button to large image
Double line with stream lines, tapering to single wiggly line.

placename:- Esk Flud
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 168:-

placename:- Eske
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY501, button to large image
Eske flu
River, naiad.

placename:- Eske Flu.
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY37, button to large image
Esk flud
double line; becomes the national boundary; labelled further NW
thumbnail SP11NY36, button to large image
estuary between foreshore sands, runs into the Eden Estuary

placename:- Esk flud
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1576

Map, Westmorlandiae et Cumberlandiae Comitatus ie Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 5 miles to 1 inch, by Christopher Saxton, London, engraved by Augustinus Ryther, 1576; published 1579-1645.
image Sax9NY37, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY37, button to large image
Esk flu
image Sax9NY36, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY36, button to large image

placename:- Esk Flu.
county:- Cumberlandia
river
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

source:- Lloyd 1573

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
thumbnail Lld1Cm, button to large image
Esk flu.

placename:- Esk Flu.
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
esk
Running into the sea.
thumbnail Ggh1Cm, button to large image
thumbnail Ggh2Cm, button to large image

placename:- Esk
river

old map:- Burghley 1590 (facsimile)

courtesy of the National Library of Scotland
thumbnail M048NY36, button to large image
Eske flu.
river

placename:- Eske flu.
locality:- Debatable Land

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38267, button to large image
page 267-268
Cross the Esk River; and 1 1/4 of a Mile further, on r. a T.R. to Edin[burgh, through Longholm.]
thumbnail C38283, button to large image
page 283-284
Cross the Esk River
thumbnail C38337, button to large image
page 337-338
Cross the Esk River.

placename:- Esk, River
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.2 no.25)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0029, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Netherby, Cumberland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J C Bentley, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1832-35.
vol.2 pl.25 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / J.C.Bentley. / NETHERBY, CUMBERLAND. / THE SEAT OF SIR JAMES GRAHAM, FIRST LORD OF THE ADMIRALTY.
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R223, button to large image
Netherby, Cumberland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J C Bentley, 1833.
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Esk, River -- Cumbria boundary -- Kirkandrews and Rockcliffe etc -- Cumbria -- Cumbria -- Cumbria / -- Fishing for salmon, below Longtown Bridge. -- NY37786888 (about) -- 15.9.2006
tiny photograph, 
button to large Esk, River -- Cumbria boundary -- Kirkandrews and Rockcliffe etc -- Cumbria -- Cumbria -- Cumbria / -- Fishing for salmon, below Longtown Bridge. -- NY37786888 (about) -- 15.9.2006

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2008

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2012
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