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placename:- Farleton Knott
site name:- Farleton Fell
parish Beetham parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
rocks
coordinates:- SD5480
10Km square:- SD58

1Km square SD5480

photograph

Farleton Knott -- Farleton Fell -- Beetham -- Cumbria / -- From the west. -- 12.8.2005

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P093, button   goto source.
Page 93:-
... Warton Crag on the left, and Farlton Knot on the right of the road, are two stratified hills of limestone, rising to a considerable height: the latter said to be nearly 600 feet above the road. ...
...
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Page 161:-
A superincumbent bed of limestone, by some called the mountain, by others the upper transition limestone, mantles round these mountains, in a position unconformable to the strata of the slaty and other rocks upon which it reposes. It bassets out near ...
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Page 162:-
... it may be seen upon the surface as far as Warton and Farleton Crags, ...

placename:- Farlton Knot
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
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placename:- Faralton
hill

descriptive text:- Baker 1802 -- probably relevant

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
... On leaving it [Burton], to the right of the road, may be observed a tremendous barren rock near 600 feet above the common level of the road. ...
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
FARLETON KNOT
A part ring of hachuring marks the hill.
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placename:- Farleton Knot
hill
county:- Westmorland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P101, button   goto source.
Page 101, footnote:-
...
The greatest quantity of limestone hills contained in this tour lie within the district bounded by Kendal, Witherslack, Kellet, and Hutton roof. And the most beautiful of them, as seen at a distance, are Farlton and Arnside knots, Witherslack-scar, and Warton-crag. The two first have their highest parts, which are neatly rounded, covered in a great measure with small fragments of limestone (called shillow) which gives them at all times an uncommon and beautiful appearance. But at the latter end of the year, when the foliage of the copses on their sides, and the grass which is interspersed along their glades near their tops, have gained an olive hue, no objects of the kind can appear more elegantly coloured. Farlton knot, especially at that time of year, as seen from Burton church-yard, exhibits a brightness and harmony of colouring, which could little be expected to result from a mixture of grass, wood, and stone.
A travelling party desirous of being gratified with the pleasure of one of these rides, may have it in perfection by going upon Farlton-knot, from Burton, through Claythorp, or traversing the heights of Warton-crag; both of which mountains, besides the particulars here mentioned, afford very extensive views, including part of the ocean, of a country abounding with agreeable images of rural nature.
...
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Page 189:-
reach Burton, Farlton-knot,[1] a beautiful naked limestone mountain, said to resemble much in form the rock of Gibraltar.
[1] By a trigonometrical process, the height of the monument was found to be 594 feet above the level of the turnpike.
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Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 215:-
...
Oct. 10. I proceeded by Burton to Lancaster, twenty-two miles; ... Passed at the foot of Farlton-knot, a high fell.
image WS21P239, button   goto source.
Tour to the Caves in the West Riding of Yorkshire, late 18th century
Page 239:-
...
About six o'clock, one morning in June, we set off from Kendal, and, after travelling about a dozen miles along a good turnpike-road, ... we arrived at Kirkby-Lonsdale soon after eight. About the mid-way we left the little steep white mountain, Farlton-knot, on the right about a mile. It is all composed of solid limestone, and is two or three hundred yards in height. Those who have seen both, say, that on the west side it is very like the rock of Gilbraltar. ...

placename:- Farlton Knot
date:- 1760; 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 93)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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At mile 247.

placename:- Holton Crag
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 93)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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At mile 247-248.

placename:- Farleton Knot
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10SD57, button   goto source.
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Farleto~ Knothill
Hillock.

placename:- Farleton Knothill
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38) -- possibly relevant

John Ogilby's label is closer to Hutton Roof Crags, which may not be so visible from the road.
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m247, button   goto source.
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In mile 247, Westmorland.
A hillock right of the road:-
Holton cragg

placename:- Holton Crag
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
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Farleton Knot hill
Lumpy hillock.

placename:- Farleton Knot Hill
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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Farleton Knothill
hillock

placename:- Farleton Knothill
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1576

Map, Westmorlandiae et Cumberlandiae Comitatus ie Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 5 miles to 1 inch, by Christopher Saxton, London, engraved by Augustinus Ryther, 1576; published 1579-1645.
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Farleton knot hill
Large hillock.

placename:- Farleton Knot Hill
county:- Westmorelandia
hill
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2008

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2012
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