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placename:- Furness Fells
parish Colton parish, once in Lancashire
county:- Cumbria
hill; fell
coordinates:- SD3389
10Km square:- SD38

1Km square SD3389

photograph

Furness Fells -- Colton -- Cumbria / -- From Kirkby in Furness Station. -- 30.8.2006

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2SD29, button to large image
Furness Fells
area, hill hachuring
thumbnail GAR2SD39, button to large image

placename:- Furness Fells
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02SD29, button to large image
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FURNESS FELLS
Hill hachuring.

placename:- Furness Fells
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 131:-
... This whole tract [Furness], except on the coast, rises in high hills and vast piles of rocks called Forness fels, among which the Britans found a secure retreat, trusting to these natural fortresses, though nothing was inaccessible to the victorious Saxons. For we find the Britans settled here 228 years after the arrival of the Saxons, because at that time Egfrid, king of Northumberland, gave St. Cuthbert the land called Carthmell, and all the Britans in it, as is related in his life. ...
Page 132:-
... If we read with some copies of Ptolemy SETANTIORUM λιμεν and not SETANTIORUM λνμεν I would venture to affirm that these Britans were named SETANTII.

placename:- Forness Fels
person:- : Setantii
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
FURNESS FELLS
image Ws02SD39, button   goto source.
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image Ws02SD38, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02SD38, button to large image

placename:- Furness Fells
county:- Lancashire

old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Win/Ble)

Series of maps, An Accurate Map of the Matchless Lake of Derwent, of the Grand Lake of Windermere, of the Beautiful Lake of Ullswater, of Broadwater or Bassenthwaite Lake, of Coniston Lake, of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, and Pocklington's Island, by Peter Crosthwaite, Kendal, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1783 to 1794.
thumbnail CT9SD39Y, button to large image
Furness Fells
labelled small close to the lake!

placename:- Furness Fells
date:- 1783=1794
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s; 1790s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18SD29, button to large image
Fourness [Fells]
area
thumbnail BO18SD28, button to large image
[Fourness] Fells

placename:- Fourness Fells
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

image SMP2SDJ, button   goto source.
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Fourness Fells
Area.

placename:- Fourness Fells
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
... the west side [of Westmorland], which borders on Cumberland, is indeed bounded by a chain of almost unpassable mountains, which, in the language of the country, are called Fells, and these are called Fourness Fells, from the famous promontory bearing that name, ...

placename:- Fourness Fells
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
... a standing lake [Windermere] encompass'd with vast high hills that are perfect rocks and barren ground of a vast height from which many little springs out of the rock does bubble up and descend down and fall into this water; ... these hills which they call Furness Fells a long row continued some miles and some of them are call'd Donum Fells and soe from the places they adjoyne to are named, but they hold the whole length of the water which is 10 mile; they have some parts of them that has wayes that they can by degrees in a compass ascend them and so they go onward in the countrys; ...
...
Their little carts I was speakeing of they use hereabout, the wheeles are fast'ned to the axletree and so turn altogether, they hold not above what our wheele barrows would carry at three or four tymes, which the girles and boys and women does go about with, drawn by one horse to carry any thing they want; here is a great deal of good grass and summer corn and pastures its rich land in the bottoms, as one may call them considering the vast hills above them on all sides, yet they contain a number of lesser hills one below another, so that tho' at one looke you think it but a little land every body has, yet it being so full of hills its many acres which if at length in a plain would extend a vast way; ...

placename:- Furness Fells
other name:- Donum Fells
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

descriptive text:- Fiennes 1698

Travel book, manuscript record of Journeys through England including parts of the Lake District, by Celia Fiennes, 1698.
on the Castle tower walking quite round by the battlements I saw ... into Westmoreland to the great hills there call'd Furness Fells or Hills being a string of vast high hills together; ...

other name:- Furness Hills
date:- 1698
period:- 17th century, late
period:- 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12SD29, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12SD29, button to large image
Fourness Fels
Area, no symbol.

placename:- Fourness Fels
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10SD29, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10SD29, button to large image
Fournes Fells
Hillocks.

placename:- Fournes Fells
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3SD29, button to large image
Fournes fells
thumbnail JAN3SD39, button to large image
Labelling the area, no symbol.

placename:- Fournes Fells
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 136:-
page 165:-
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11SD29, button to large image
Part of Fournes Felds
hillocks; Lancashire

placename:- Fournes Felds
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14NY20, button to large image
thumbnail SP14SD29, button to large image
thumbnail SP14SD39, button to large image
Fournes Fells
hillocks

placename:- Fournes Fells
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1576

Map, Westmorlandiae et Cumberlandiae Comitatus ie Westmorland and Cumberland, scale about 5 miles to 1 inch, by Christopher Saxton, London, engraved by Augustinus Ryther, 1576; published 1579-1645.
image Sax9SD29, button   goto source.
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Fournes fells

placename:- Fournes Fells
county:- Lancastria
hill
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

hearsay Shepherds in the Furness Fells fed sheep on tender sprouts of holly. Tracts of common were covered with holly trees for this purpose. The mutton is said to have had an attractive flavour.

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2008

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2012
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