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placename:- Holme Coultram Abbey
other name:- St Mary's Church
other name:- Holme Abbey
locality:- Abbey Town
parish Holme Abbey parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
abbey; religious house; church
coordinates:- NY17705081
10Km square:- NY15
References : 2005: Diocese of Carlisle, Directory 2004/5

1Km square NY1750

photograph

Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- 20.6.2007
photograph

Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- 20.6.2007

old map:- Nurse 1918

Map, The Diocese of Carlisle, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire North of the Sands, now Cumbria, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Rev Euston J Nurse, published by Charles Thurnam and Sons, 11 English Street, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1918 and 2nd edn 1939.
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HOLM CULTRAM ST. MARY

placename:- St Mary's Church
site name:- Wigton Rural Deanery
site name:- Archdeaconry of Carlisle
site name:- Diocese of Carlisle
date:- 1939
period:- 1930s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
... Even the religious enthusiasm of monachism scarcely advanced within the shadow of the mountains, much less penetrated into their secluded dales. Furness, Calder, St. Bees, and Holme Cultram abbeys, are all in the open country. For a long period, indeed, the population must either have been extremely small, or their religious interests neglect-
Page xi:-
[neglect]ed; perhaps both might be the case. ...
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 172:-
...
... David I. king of Scotland founded Holme, or as it is commonly called Holme Cultrain abbey; and Vulstey castle was built by the abbots in the neighbourhood to secure their treasure, books, and records, from the sudden inroads of the Scots. ...

placename:- Holme Abbey
other name:- Holme Cultrain Abbey
person:- : David I, King of Scots
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 185:-
...
"Holme Cultrayne abbay of white monkes," or Cistercians, founded by David, king of Scots, or his son Henry, valued at £.427." Though not a
Page 186:-
mitred abbey the abbot had summons to parliament in the reigns of Edward I. and II. The steeple fell down Jan. 1. 1600, and beat down great part of the chancel, which was rebuilt 1603, and afterwards burnt down with the church except the vaulted south aisle. The chancel was rebuilt by the vicar Edward Mandeville, and the church repaired by the parishioners. The west porch was built by Robert Chambers, abbot t. Henry VII. and VIII. his rebus being on it, and his gravestone robbed of its brasses is shewn in the ruined choir. Only the nave now remains. ...
Michael Scot was a Durham man, who applied himself to the abstruse Aristotelian philosophy, which he pretended to translate from Avicenna, and dedicated to Frederic II. emperor of Germany, whose astrologer he was. Some of his philological and astrological works have been printed, and Dempster says some remained in his time in Scotland, which his countrymen would not dare to open for fear of the devilish pranks that might be played by them.

placename:- Holme Cultrayne Abbay
person:- : Cistercian Order
person:- : David, King of Scots
person:- : Mandeville, Edward
person:- : Chambers, Robert
person:- astrologer; philosopher : Scot, Michael
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY14, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY14, button to large image
Holm Cultrum
Circle, buildings, towers, with a cross; the first word upright, the second italic.

placename:- Holm Cultrum
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
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Holme
Buildings and tower.

placename:- Holme
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Gough 1350s-60s

Reproduction of the Gough Map of Great Britain, reduced size, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1875; and a full size line reproduction, with added transcriptions of placenames, 1935.
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placename:- Holme Coltram
county:- Cumberland

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
CHURCH OF ST MARY / / / HOLME ABBEY / ALLERDALE / CUMBRIA / I / 71961 / NY1771650814
courtesy of English Heritage
Cistercian Abbey now Parish Church. Founded 1150 with early C16 addition and alterations dated 1730; 1884-5 vestry and 1913 restoration; 1973 ambulatory. Large blocks of red sandstone (brought across the Solway from Scotland). Graduated greenslate roof, Welsh slate on patch and vestry. West porch and ambulatory extension; 6-bay nave/chancel, formerly the nave of the Abbey Church (originally of 9 bays) with aisles removed; west twin bellcote and north vestry/organ chamber. 2-storey porch has round arch with Latin inscription to Robert Chambers, Abbot 1507 and his coat of arms. Upper floor rebuilt to form vestry, dated 1730 with Latin inscription. 2-light lancet windows flank inscription. Flanking statue recesses of 1507 appearance; the right one has door giving access to small chamber. Ambulatory to right, linking with adjoining library and shop, has lead-paned windows in chamfered surrounds. Side walls of nave of 1730 have round-headed casement windows with glazing bars on 2 levels. West wall projects at either side and has been stepped to give the appearance of buttresses. Perpendicular east window c1604, moved to its present location in 1730, flanked by former nave aisle columns. Interior of porch and ambulatory have graveslabs to various abbots and members of the Chambers family of Raby Cote. Heavily moulded west portal with 4 orders of shaft columns and enriched waterleaf capitals. Interior: arcades have piers of clustered columns, with waterleaf capitals, and pointed arches now blocked to form north and south walls. Pre-reformation open timber roof moved to a lower level in c1604. Restoration dated MCMXIII on corbel. Norman gallery at west end now gives access to former vestry. Royal Arms of Queen Victoria. Free-standing bust of Joseph Saul by Joshua Anderson. Jacobean carved oak chair and 2 C15 or early C16 oak muniment chests. C20 furnishings and fittings. Late C19 and early C20 stained glass. After the Dissolution the Abbey was granted to Oxford University. See G.E. Gilbanks, Some Records of A Cistercian Abbey/Holme Cultram, Cumberlands, 1899; F. Grainger and W.G. Collingwood, The Register & Records of Holme Cultram, 1929; Transactions Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaenlogical Society, old series, i, p263; new series, vii, pp262-268; xiii, pp244-251.

placename:- Church of St Mary
district:- Allerdale
listed building
coordinates:- NY17715081
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
CHURCHYARD WALL SOUTH OF CHURCH OF ST MARY / / / HOLME ABBEY / ALLERDALE / CUMBRIA / II / 71962 / NY1772150807
courtesy of English Heritage
Churchyard wall. C20 on medieval plinth. Squared blocks of red sandstone. Low wall, unfinished, built on the site of the south aisle wall of the former Abbey of Holme Cultram, incorporating the excavated foundations of the cloister entrance. West end incorporates plinth of south-west angle of nave.
district:- Allerdale
listed building
coordinates:- NY17725080
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
ABBEY SHOP / / / HOLME ABBEY / ALLERDALE / CUMBRIA / II / 71963 / NY1769250799
district:- Allerdale
listed building
coordinates:- NY17695079
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old painting:-
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Painting, watercolour, Holm Cultram Abbey; West Door, Abbey Town, Holme Abbey, Cumberland, by William Henry Nutter, 1830s-40s.
View into the abbey interior through the double west door, the doorway of which is framed by a substantial round headed arch supported by eight columns.
signed at bottom left:-
W.H. Nutter
annotated at bottom centre:-
Holm Cultram Abbey - West door

placename:- Holm Cultram Abbey
date:- 1830=1849
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Buck 1739/1837 (edn 1877)

Set of prints, engravings, The Castles, Abbeys, and Priories of the County of Cumberland, by Samuel and Nathaniel Buck, 1739, reprinted by Hudson Scott and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1837 and 1877.
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Print, uncoloured engraving, The South East View of Holme-Cultram Abby, in the County of Cumberland, drawn and engraved by Samuel and Nathaniel Buck, 1739, reprinted by Hudson Scott and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1877.
With descriptive text of 1837.
No.17 in The Castles, Abbeys, and Priories of the County of Cumberland, 1877.
printed at top:-
THE SOUTH-EAST VIEW OF HOLME-CULTRAM ABBY, IN THE COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND.
printed at lower left:-
To Edawrd Stephenson Esqr: This Prospect is humbly Inscribed by his most Oblig'd Servants Saml: & Nathl: Buck.
printed at lower right:-
THIS Abby of Cistercians was founded according to Dugdale by K. Hen. II. AD 1150, but according to Speed and others by Henry Earl of Carlisle and Huntingdon, Son of David K. of Scots, who gave it all the Lands of Holme Cultram. It was dedicated to the Blessed Virgin. K. Hen. III K. Rich. I. and K. John, with divers other Nobles and Gentlemen, were Benefactors. John Gournon and Margaret his Wife founded and endow'd a Chantry in this Abby Church for four Chaplains Monks of this House and Two secular Chaplains. It is now a Parochial Church. The Impropriator is the University of Oxford, by the Grant of Q. Mary. An. Val. L427: 19s: 3d. Dugdale. L535: 3s: 7d. Speed. Saml. & Nathl. Buck delin: et sculp: Publish'd according to Act of Parliament March 26. 1739.

placename:- Holme Cultram Abby
person:- : Stephenson, Edward
person:- : Gournon, John and Margaret
date:- 1739
period:- 18th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- Bells. -- 10.7.2009

photocopy Whitehead 1895:-
vol.14 p.327

imaget1014327.jpg
vol.14 p.328

imaget1014328.jpg
vol.14 p.329

imaget1014329.jpg
vol.14 p.330

imaget1014330.jpg
vol.14 p.331

imaget1014331.jpg
vol.14 p.332

imaget1014332.jpg
vol.14 p.333

imaget1014333.jpg
vol.14 p.334

imaget1014334.jpg
Whitehead, H (posthumous): 1895: Bells of Brigham, Cockermouth, Crosthwaite, Distington, and Holme Cultram: TransCWAAS: vol.14: pp.275-334

5 cross slab grave covers.
Ryder, Peter: 2001: Cross Slab Grave Covers of Cumbria: Cumbria CC (Carlisle, Cumbria)

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- Robert de Rowbankes, abbot 1365. -- 16.9.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- 16.9.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- 16.9.2011

map:- see:- : 1954: Monastic Britain: Ordnance Survey

person:- : Cistercian Order

notes Described in:-
Butler, Lawrence (ed): 2011: Church Notes of Sir Stephen Glynne for Cumbria, 1833-1872: CWAAS:: ISBN 978 1 873124 52 9
Extracted from the original notes made by Sir Stephen, now in Deiniol's Library, Hawarden, Flintshire, contact through Flintshire Record Office

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- West end door; rebuilt by Abbot Chamber, 1507. -- 20.6.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- Royal coat of arms, as used by Henry IV onwards. -- 20.6.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- Chest (1) -- 20.6.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- Chest (1) -- 20.6.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- Chest (2) -- 20.6.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- Chest (2) -- 20.6.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holme Coultram Abbey -- Abbey Town -- Holme Abbey -- Cumbria / -- Chest (2) -- 20.6.2007

hearsay The abbey was a 'granddaughter house' of Rievaulx Abbey.

hearsay Michael Scot might have been born in Cumbria. He was a wizard, astrologer, philosopher, and spent his last years here. He had been educated at Oxford, Paris, Salamanca and Toledo; spoke Hebrew and Arabic; was an adept in medicine and chemistry. He lived in Florence and Padua; is mentioned by Boccacio and by Dante. He was astrologer to Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor; and was knighted by Alexander III King of Scotland.

notes Possible moat.
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; illstration

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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