button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Irt, River
parish Irton with Santon parish, once in Cumberland
parish Drigg and Carleton parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
river
coordinates:- NY1002
10Km square:- NY10
10Km square:- SD09

1Km square NY1002

photograph

Irt, River -- Irton with Santon and Drigg and Carleton -- Cumbria / -- At Lund Bridge. -- NY14140390 (at) -- 11.5.2006
photograph

Irt, River -- Irton with Santon and Drigg and Carleton -- Cumbria / -- At Holme Bridge. -- SD07709872 (at) -- 5.6.2007

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY10, button to large image
R. Irt
wiggly line, river
thumbnail GAR2SD09, button to large image

placename:- Irt, River
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY00, button to large image
Irt R.

placename:- Irt River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P041, button   goto source.
Page 41:-
The Esk, ... enters the sea at Ravenglass; where the Irt from Wasdale, and the Mite from Miterdale, join it upon the sands. ... The Bleng, passing Gosforth, falls into the Irt above Santon Bridge.
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02NY00, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02NY00, button to large image
Irt R.

placename:- Irt River

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Cd, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1Lk, button to large image
Irt R.
tapering wiggly line; river

placename:- Irt River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 169:-
...
... the little river Irt runs into the sea, in which the shell-fish having by a kind of irregular motion taken in the dew, which they are extremely fond of, are impregnated, and produce pearls, or, to use the poet's phrase, baccae concheae, shell-berries, which the inhabitants, when the tide is out, search for, and our jewellers buy of the poor for a trifle, and sell again at a very great price. Of these and the like Marbodeus seems to speak in that line;

placename:- Irt, River
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 180:-
...
... the Irt ... Muscle pearls are found in this and other rivers hereabouts as also in Wales. A patent was granted to certain gentlemen for pearl fishing here, but they are not very plentiful, and may be had cheaper from the straits of Magellan, where sir John Narborough and sir Richard Hawkins tell us they abound in every muscle. Tacitus describes the British pearls as of bad colour, subfuscae ac liventes; but this is not their general character. Bede gives a juster account of them when he says they are of all colours. Those that are not bright and shining, and such are met with in the Irt, &c. are usually called Sand pearl, which are as useful in physic as the finest. Dr. Lister says he has found sixteen of these in one muscle, but that they are all only senescentium musculorum vitia. The poor people gather them at low water, and sell them to the jewellers, and it is said Mr. Patrickson of How in this county got as many as sold for 800l.

placename:- Irt, River
person:- : Narborough, John, Sir
person:- : Hawkins, Richard, Sir
person:- : Tacitus
person:- : Bede
person:- : Lister, Dr
person:- : Patrickson, Mr
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02NY10, button   goto source.
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image Ws02NY00, button   goto source.
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image Ws02SD09, button   goto source.
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placename:- Irt River
river
county:- Cumberland

old text:- Mackenzie 1776

Charts, and sailing directions, Nautical Descriptions of the West Coast of Great Britain, Bristol Channel to Cape Wrath, by Murdoch Mackenzie, published London, 1776.
Page 19:-
RAVINGLAS Harbour.
Ravinglas is a dry Harbour in Cumberland, where three rivulets, Esk, Mite, and Ort, unite. ...

placename:- Ort, River
date:- 1776
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
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Irt R.
wiggly line and river mouth, into the sea

placename:- Irt River
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P174, button   goto source.
... The chief Commodities [of Cumberland] are ... Pearls, &c. ... As to the Pearls, they are found at the Mouth of the little Brook Irt, somewhat to the N. of Ravenglass, in a sort of Shell Fish, or Muscles, which the Country People used to gather up at low Water: They are of all Colours; those that are not bright and shining, commonly call'd Sand-Pearl, are as useful in Physick, as the finest, tho' not so beautiful. There has been a Patent not long since granted to some Gentlemen and others for Pearl Fishing here, but it is uncertain whether it will turn to any Account.

placename:- Irt Brook
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Badeslade 1742

A Map of Westmorland North from London, scale about 10 miles to 1 inch, and descriptive text, Cumberland similarly, by Thomas Badeslade, London, engraved and published by William Henry Toms, Union Court, Holborn, London, 1742.
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tapering wiggly line, from Wast water to coast at Drigg

county:- Cumberland
date:- 1742
period:- 18th century, early

descriptive text:- Defoe 1724-26

Travel book, Tour through England and Wales, by Daniel Defoe, published in parts, London, 1724-26.
I enquired much for the pearl fishery here, which Mr. Cambden speaks of, as a thing well known about Ravenglass and the River Ire, which was made a kind of bubble lately: But the country people, not even the fishermen, could give us no account of any such thing; nor indeed is there any great quantity of the shell-fish to be found here (now) in which the pearl are found, I mean the large oyster or muscle. What might be in former times, I know not.

placename:- Ire, River
date:- 1724=1726
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12SD09, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12SD09, button to large image
Irt R
River mouth.

placename:- Irt River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Sanson 1679

Map, Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort, ie the Ancient Kingdom of Northumberland or the Northern Provinces, scale about miles to 1 inch, by Nicholas Sanson, Paris, France, 1679.
thumbnail SAN2Cm, button to large image
tapering wiggly line; river
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1679
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3SD09, button to large image
thumbnail JAN3NY10, button to large image
Double wiggly line tapering to single.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

poem:- Drayton 1612/1622 text

Poem, Polyolbion, by Michael Drayton, published 1612, part 2 with Cumbria published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
page 163:-
page 164:-

placename:- Irt
date:- 1612; 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s; 1620s

old map:- Drayton 1612/1622

Map, Cumberlande and Westmorlande, by Michael Drayton in part 2 of Polyolbion, probably engraved by William Hole; published by John Marriott, John Grismand, and Thomas Dewe, London, 1622.
thumbnail DRY519, button to large image
Irt fl
River, naiad.

placename:- Irt Flu.
date:- 1622
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11SD09, button to large image
double line with stream lines, runs into the sea
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

descriptive text:- Keer 1605 (edn 1620)

Map, Westmorlandia et Comberlandia, ie Westmorland and Cumberland now Cumbria, scale about 16 miles to 1 inch, probably by Pieter van den Keere, or Peter Keer, about 1605; published about 1605 to 1676.
first page:-
... the Rivers seed a kinde of Muskle that bringeth forth Pearle, where in the mouth of the Irt, as they lie gaping and sucking in dew, the Country people gather and sell to the Lapidaries, to their owne little, and the buyers great gaine. ...
date:- 1620
period:- 17th century, early; 1620s

source:- Lloyd 1573 -- possibly relevant

Map, Angliae Regni, Kingdom of England, with Wales, scale about 24 miles to 1 inch, authored by Humphrey Lloyd, Denbigh, Clwyd, drawn and engraved by Abraham Ortelius, Netherlands, 1573.
thumbnail Lld1Cm, button to large image
date:- 1573
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY00, button   goto source.
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image Sax9NY00, button   goto source.
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county:- Cumberlandia
river
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Irt R.
tapering wiggly line; river

placename:- Irt River
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

hearsay The river once provided black oval pearls from the river mussel, Margaritifera margaritifera. The Romans knew of them. The Company of Pearl Fishers, chartered 1692, paid villagers to search for them.

button   Cathow Bridge, Gosforth
button   Craghouse Bridge, Irton with Santon
button   ford, Drigg and Carleton
button   Forest Bridge, Nether Wasdale
button   Gaterigghow Bridge, Gosforth
button   Hollins Bridge, Irton with Santon
button   Holme Bridge, Drigg and Carleton
button   Holmrook Hall Bridge, Irton with Santon
button   Irt Bridge, Drigg and Carleton
button   Irt Viaduct, Drigg and Carleton
button   Kidbeck Bridge, Gosforth
button   Lund Bridge, Nether Wasdale
button   Ravenglass Harbour, Muncaster
button   Santon Bridge bridge, Santon Bridge
button   Stock Bridge, Irton with Santon

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
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