button to main menu   Old Cumbria Gazetteer
placename:- Kemp Howe
other name:- Kemp Howe Stone Circle
other name:- Shap Stone Circle
locality:- Shap
parish Shap parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
stone circle
Altitude 869 feet
coordinates:- NY568133
10Km square:- NY51

1Km square NY5613

photograph

Kemp Howe -- Shap -- Shap -- Cumbria / -- 13.7.2005
photograph

Kemp Howe -- Shap -- Shap -- Cumbria / -- 4.1.2006

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 21 2)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Druidical Circle
stone circle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- LMS 1920s maps

Railway map, lithograph, 23 pages of strip maps, The Journey in Brief, the Route London to Carlisle, and a general map, Diagram of the Route London to Glasgow and Edinburgh, published by the London Midland and Scottish Railway, LMS, 1920s.
thumbnail LS3p27, button to large image
Druid Circle
Half a circle is shown, cut by the line of the railway.
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 141:-
...
... Karl Lofts, composed of two lines of huge unhewn masses of granite, ... having at its south end a circle of similar stones, eighteen feet in diameter, ...
site name:- Karl Lofts
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P174, button   goto source.
Page 174:-
... On the east side of the road, soon after you leave the village [Shap going S], observe a double range of
image WS21P175, button   goto source.
Page 175:-
huge granites [1], pitched in the ground, and at some distance from each other, leading to circles of small stones, and increasing the space between the rows as they approach the circles, where the avenue is about 27 paces wide. They are supposed to have run quite through the village, and terminated in a point. It has long embarrassed the antiquaries what to call this very uncommon monument of ancient date. Mr. Pennant has given a plausible explanation of it from Olaus Magnus, and supposes the row of granites to be the recording stones of a Danish victory obtained on the spot, and the stony circles to be grateful tributes to the memory of consanguineous heroes slain in the action.
...
[1] Since the inclosure of the common, many of these stones have been destroyed, for the purpose of making fence-walls.
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760 -- possibly relevant

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY41, button to large image
Stone Heap
rough circle of standing stones
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd) -- probably relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2NYK, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2NYK, button to large image
Stone Heaps
Near the road?.

placename:- Stone Heaps
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 94) -- probably relevant

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
thumbnail B094m267, button to large image
Stone heap
3 heaps of stones drawn on right, east, of road between mile 270 and 271.
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd) -- probably relevant

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10NY51, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10NY51, button to large image
Stone Heaps
Group of little tower symbols around the junction of the Kendal Shap road and Shap Orton road.
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

The stone heap near mile 271 is probably the stone circle.
Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m267, button   goto source.
thumbnail OG38m267, button to large image
In mile 270, Westmorland.
stone heaps
Three piles of stones, like cairns? drawn by the road.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kemp Howe -- Shap -- Shap -- Cumbria / -- 4.1.2006

hearsay 6 granite bouilders are all that is left; the circle was destroyed by railway building in the 19th century. THis is the southern end of Carls Lofts avenue.
Waterhouse, John: 1985: Stone Circles of Cumbria: Phillimore and Co (Chichester, Sussex):: ISBN 0 85033 566 3
Burl, H A W: 1976: Stone Circles of the British Isles: Yale University Press (United States)

note Several maps, perhaps copied from one to another, show 'Stone Heaps' at the junction of the road to Orton and the Kendal Shap road. This is not exactly where the stone circle is, but, has the road layout changed?

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

button to lakes menu  Lakes Guides menu.

©  Martin and Jean Norgate: 2014
mailto button  email:- JandMN@norgate.freeserve.co.uk
button, online connection  Other projects

button, online connection  Geography Department, Portsmouth University