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placename:- Kendal Castle
other name:- Kirkby Kendal Castle
locality:- Kendal
parish Kendal parish, once in Westmorland
county:- Cumbria
castle
coordinates:- SD52209240
10Km square:- SD59

1Km square SD5292

photograph

Kendal Castle -- Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 19.8.2005
photograph

Kendal Castle -- Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 3.10.2005

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 38 8)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Kendal Castle
castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

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Photograph, Kendal Castle, Kendal, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1894.
Vol.2 no.157 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
157. Kendal Castle. Kendal. K.

placename:- Kendal Castle
date:- 1894
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

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Photograph, Kendal Castle, the Round Tower, Kendal, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1894.
Vol.2 no.158 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
158. Kendal Castle. The Round Tower. Kendal. K.

placename:- Kendal Castle
date:- 1894
period:- 1890s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
... The Norman conquerors, however, seem to have left this tract [The Lakes] wholly to itself: all the remains of the castles being found on the outskirts, as Egremont, Cockermouth, Brougham, and Kendal. ...
Page 20:-
... [Kendal]
The chief objects of interest are the castle, of which four broken towers and part of the outer wall still remain. In 1813, the foundations were strengthened and skirted with a thriving plantation, enriching the view from the town. This fortress, the seat of the Barons of Kendal, and birth-place of Catherine Parr, stands on the east side of the Kent, upon a hill composed of rounded stones, embedded in a black sandy cement. It is well worth visiting, both from the beauty of its commanding situation, and from the interest always excited by the venerable relics of former days. ...
person:- : Parr, Catherine
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old print:- Otley 1823 (8th edn 1849)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
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Engraving, Ruins of Kendal Castle, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, on p.70 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.
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Engraving, Kendal Castle - The Keep, drawn by T Binns, engraved by O Jewitt, on p.86 of A Descriptive Guide of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, 8th edition, 1849.

placename:- Kendal Castle
date:- 1849
period:- 19th century, early; 1840s

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
[Kendal] ... on a hill to the right, are the ruins of the castle. ...
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
thumbnail Bk03Vg13, button to large image
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 147:-
... the Parrs, whose castle overagainst the town [Kendal] is now decaying with age. ...
person:- : Parr Family
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 151:-
...
"... About half a mile of on the east side of the town [Kendal] is on a hill a park longing to young Mr Par, the chiefest of that name, and there is a place as it were a castle."
person:- : Par Family
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
On the east of Kendal.
image Ws02SD59, button   goto source.
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castle
county:- Westmorland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P016, button   goto source.
Page 16:-
Taillebois, baron of Kendal, is the first after the conquest who was honoured with the command of this [Lancaster] castle; and William de Taillebois in the reign of Henry II, obtained leave to take the surname of Lancaster. It is therefore probable that the barons of Kendal either built or repaired the ancient castle, in which they resided, until they erected, upon the summer site of the station of Concangium, their castle at Kendal; for the remains of some of the bastions there [Kendal] agree in style with the towers here [Lancaster].
... ...
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Page 182:-
...
The castle he [Mr Gray] describes thus:- 'The remains of the castle are seated on a fine hill, on the side of the river opposite to the town; almost the whole inclosure-wall remains, with four towers, two square, and two round, but their upper parts and embattlements are demolished: it is of rough stone and cement, without any ornament of arms, round, inclosing a court of the like form, and surrounded by a moat; nor ever could it have been larger than it is, for there are no traces of out-works. There is a good view of the town and river, with a fertile open valley through which it winds.
Had Mr. Gray ascended from the end of Stramongate-bridge to the castle, which was
image WS21P183, button   goto source.
Page 183:-
the only way to it when in its glory, and is the easiest at present, he would have observed a square area that had been fortified with a deep moat, and connected with the castle by a draw-bridge, where was probably the base court. The stones are now entirely removed, and the ground levelled, 'and laughing Ceres reassumes the land.' The present structure was undoubtedly raised by the first Barons of Kendal, and probably on the ruins of a Roman station; this being the most eligible site in the country for a summer encampment, and at a small distance from Watercrook. There are still some remains of a dark red freestone, used in facings, and in the doors and windows, and have been brought from the environs of Penrith, more probably by the Romans, than by either the Saxon or Norman Lords. Fame says this castle held out against Oliver Cromwell, and was battered from the Castle-law-hill, but this is not so probable, as that its present ruinous state is owing to the jealousy of that usurper.
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Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 213:-
...
... I entered Kendal almost in the dark, and could distinguish only a shadow of the castle on a hill, ...
Oct. 9. ... I went up the castle-hill: ...
image WS21P214, button   goto source.
Page 214:-
... The remains of the castle are seated on a fine hill on the side of the river opposite the town; almost the whole inclosure of the walls remain, with four towers, two square and two round, but their upper parts
image WS21P215, button   goto source.
Page 215:-
or embattlements are demolished; it is of rough stone and cement, without any ornament or arms, round, inclosing a court of like form, and surrounded by a moat; nor could it ever have been larger than it is, for there are no traces of out-works. There is a good view of the town and river, with a fertile open valley, though which it winds.
person:- : Taillebois, William de
person:- : Gray, Mr
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J55292C, button to large image
The Castle
hexagon of walls with bastions

placename:- Castle, The
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5SD59SW, button to large image
Castle
castle on a hill
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760

New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18SD49, button to large image
Kendal Castle
circle and flag? on a hill

placename:- Kendal Castle
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2SDP, button   goto source.
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Kendal Cas.
Just the park shown.

placename:- Kendal Castle
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP3P6, button   goto source.
Page 1024:-
...
... At a little Distance from the wooden Bridge [in Kendal] are the Ruins of a Castle, in which Catherine Parr, the sixth Wife of Henry VIII. was born.
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Bowen 1720 (plate 260)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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The Castle
Drawn as a building within a wall with 6 towers
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

descriptive text:- Bowen 1720 (plate 93)

Road book, Britannia Depicta Or Ogilby Improv'd, including road strip maps with sections in Westmorland, scale about 2 miles to 1 inch, derived from maps by Ogilby, 1675, and a county map of Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, with text by John Owen, published by Emanuel Bowen, London, 1720; published 1720-64.
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It [Kendal] had formerly a strong Castle, the Walls of which are partly yet standing, ...
date:- 1720
period:- 18th century, early; 1720s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10SD59, button   goto source.
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Kendale Castle
Circle, tower, in a park - ring of fence palings, trees.

placename:- Kendale Castle
county:- Westmorland
park
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 96)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG96m000, button   goto source.
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In mile 0, Westmoreland.
ye Castle
castle walls around the castle building.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Ogilby 1675 (plate 38)

Road book, Britannia, strip road maps, with sections in Westmorland and Cumberland etc, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by John Ogilby, London, 1675; and a general map of England and Wales.
image OG38m252, button   goto source.
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In mile 256, Westmoreland.
the Castle
drawing of castle walls around the castle building.
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3SD58, button to large image
Kendall Castle
Buildings and tower with flag, in a ring of fence palings with trees.

placename:- Kendall Castle
county:- Westmorland
castle; park
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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W The Castle
walls, 7 or 8 towers, on a mound
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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Kendal [ t]
circle, buildings, tower, and a ring of fence palings and trees for a park
park
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9SD59, button   goto source.
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Building with two towers, symbol for a castle.
Kendall cast:
Castle, in a park, fence palings, trees.

placename:- Kendall Castle
county:- Westmorelandia
castle
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Jefferys 1770

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J55292C, button to large image
The Castle
hexagon of walls with bastions

placename:- Castle, The
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5SD59SW, button to large image
Castle
castle on a hill
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
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date:- 1830
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.1 no.22)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
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Print, uncoloured engraving, Kendal, from the Castle, Westmorland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by W le Petit, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1832-35.
vol.1 pl.22 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / W. Le Petit. / KENDAL, FROM THE CASTLE. / FISHER, SON & CO. LONDON, 1832.
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Dodsley 1764

England Illustrated, 2 volumes, published by R and J Dodsley, Pall Mall, 1764.
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... KENDAL CASTLE ...

placename:- Kendal Castle
date:- 1764
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old print:- Sylvan 1847

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Print, engraving, Ruined Tower, Kendal Castle, Westmorland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.20 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.

placename:- Kendal Castle
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
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Print, engraving, View of Kendal Castle, in Westmorland, engraved by Lowry, published by Alexander Hogg, 16 Paternoster Row, London, 1780s?
printed at bottom right, centre:-
Lowry sculp. / View of KENDAL CASTLE in Westmorland. / Published by Alexr. Hogg No.16 Paternoster Row.

placename:- Kendal Castle
date:- 1780=1789
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
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Print, uncoloured engraving, Kendal Castle, published by Hudson and Nicholson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1832.
Tipped in opposite p.70 of The Annals of Kendal by Cornelius Nicholson.
date:- 1832
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Bogg 1898

Book, Lakeland and Ribblesdale, OR A Thousand Miles of Wandering along the Roman Wall, the Old Border Region, Lakeland, and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg, publishd by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
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Print, engraving, Ruins of Kendal Castle, Kendal, Westmorland, by A Haselgrave, published by Edmund Bogg, 3 Woodhouse Lane, and James Miles, Guildford Street, Leeds, Yorkshire, 1898.
Included on p.226 of Lakeland and Ribblesdale, by Edmund Bogg.

placename:- Kendal Castle
date:-
period:- 19th century, late

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal Castle -- Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 3.10.2005

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal Castle -- Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'As it was' in the 15th century.
tiny photograph, 
button to large Kendal Castle -- Kendal -- Kendal -- Cumbria / -- 'As it is' 1800.

hearsay Built by William Rufus, 13th century. It was owned by Thomas Parr father of Katherine Parr, who was probably not born here but lived here as a child. When Katherine's brother died without an heir, 1571, the castle was abandoned.

notes 13th century castle, with tower, hall, gatehouse etc
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plans and illustrations

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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