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placename:- Kirkoswald Castle
locality:- Kirkoswald
parish Kirkoswald parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
castle; park
coordinates:- NY559410
10Km square:- NY54

1Km square NY5541


Kirkoswald Castle -- Kirkoswald -- Kirkoswald -- Cumbria / -- 26.8.2005 -- The remaining tower at the NE corner of the hall.

Kirkoswald Castle -- Kirkoswald -- Kirkoswald -- Cumbria / -- 26.8.2005 -- Mounds and ditches.

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 40 6)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Kirkoswald Castle
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY54, button to large image
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 29:-
[On the east side of the town,] on high ground, stands the Castle; the ruins are very scanty; the angle of what was once apparently been a high tower, and the ground thrown together in irregular heaps, now grown over with grass, are all that remain. ...
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 190:-
"Kirk Oswald castle south south-east 12 miles from Cairluel, and south from Naward, standeth almost on Eden." It was much improved by sir Hugh Morbill, who got the town a market t. John, and finished, and moated by Thomas Dacre, who married the heiress of Greystock; but it is now ruined.
"Northward from Ousby on the river Eden standeth the capital grand castle Kirk Oswald, ..."
... This great castle of Kirk Oswald was once the fairest fabrick that ever eyes looked upon. The hall I have seen 100 yards long, and the great pourtraiture of king Brute, lying in the end of the roof of this hall, and of all his succeeding successors, kings of England, portraieted to the waist, their visages, hats, feathers, garbs, and habits, in the roof of this hall; now translated to Naward [Castle]

placename:- Kirk Oswald Castle
person:- : Morville, Hugh, Sir
person:- : Dacre, Thomas
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old text:- Clarke 1787

Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787 and 1789; and Plans of the Lakes ... 1793.
Page 105:-
I do not find any ancient authors mention a castle here [Castlerigg], Speed, who speaks of twenty-five in Cumberland, hath found out every one I ever heard or knew of, except Kirkoswald; how that has escaped him I cannot tell. I shall here put down their names, and, as well as I can, their most ancient owners, and supposed founders.
Page 106:-
26. KIRKOSWALD. Sir Hugh de Morvill.

placename:- Kirkoswald Castle
person:- : Morville, Hugh de, Sir
date:- 1787
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

descriptive text:- Simpson 1746

The three volumes of maps and descriptive text published as 'The Agreeable Historian, or the Compleat English Traveller ...', by Samuel Simpson, 1746.
image SMP4P197, button   goto source.
... Kirkoswald and Dacre Castle, the late Earl of Suffex's. ...

placename:- Kirkoswald Castle
person:- : Suffolk, Earl of
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY54, button   goto source.
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Ring of fence palings, trees, north of Kirk Oswald.
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
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Buildings and tower, no flag; the label belongs to the village close by; and a ring of fence palings nearby.

placename:- Kirkoswold
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd) -- probably relevant

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
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circle, building, tower and ring of fence palings, N of Kirkoswald
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image SAX9NY54, button   goto source.
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circle, two towers; and a ring of fence palings, enclosing trees.
castle; park
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
courtesy of English Heritage
Castle in ruins. Late C15 incorporating earlier buildings for the Dacre family. Large blocks of Penrith red sandstone ashlar on chamfered plinth. Remains of 3 towers and part of the hall, with other foundations below ground level, proved by excavation. 3 storey angle garderobe tower has pointed ground floor entrance and small lancet openings on 2 faces; facing stones have individual mason's marks. Inner wall has various garderobe entrances, one with chamfered lintel. Fragments remain of the adjoining hall walls. One other angle tower stands 2 storeys high with vaulted basement and first floor window, but all facing stone removed above ground level. Vaulted basement of a similar corresponding angle tower remains, but no walls are visible above ground. Encircling moat is early C16 and is complete. Building abandoned in late C16 and demolition began in 1604, with materials taken to Naworth Castle and other stone finding its way into many buildings in Kirkoswald. See, Curwen, Castles and Towers of Cumberland & Westmorland, 1913, p150-153.

placename:- Kirkoswald Castle
district:- Eden
listed building
coordinates:- NY55944102
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Buck 1739/1837 (edn 1877)

Set of prints, engravings, The Castles, Abbeys, and Priories of the County of Cumberland, by Samuel and Nathaniel Buck, 1739, reprinted by Hudson Scott and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1837 and 1877.
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Print, uncoloured engraving, The North East View of Kirkoswald Castle, in the County of Cumberland, drawn and engraved by Samuel and Nathaniel Buck, 1739, reprinted by Hudson Scott and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1877.
With descriptive text of 1837.
No.10 in The Castles, Abbeys, and Priories of the County of Cumberland, 1877.
printed at top:-
printed at lower left:-
To Sr: PHILIP Musgrave Bart. This Prospect is gratefully Inscribed by his very humble Servts: Saml. & Nathl. Buck.
printed at lower right:-
THIS castle was founded soon after ye Conquest, by Radulph Engaine Lord of Kirkoswald, & afterwds. came by Marriage to Sr. Hugh Morvill, who was one of ye Four Knights that kill'd Thomas Becket, & whose Sword, wherewith he kill'd Him, is said to have been kept here for some time. Next it came, by ye like means, tp ye Moltons, & then in ye Reign of K. Edw. III. to ye Dacres, in wch. Family it continu'd for eight Generations, till Ld. Thomas Dacre. who in ye Reign of K. Hen. VIII. moted it about, & after Him for three Generations more, till ye Reign of Q. Eliz. when by Marriage of ye Heiress, it came to ye Family of ye Leonards Els. of Sussex, in wch. it continu'd till ye Reigh of Q. Anne, when ye last El. of that Name dying without Issue Male, it was expos'd to Sale & purchas'd by Sr. Christoph. Musgrave Bart. & Father of Philip ye present Proprietor. Saml. & Nathl. Buck delin: et sculp: Publish'd according to Act of Parliament March 26. 1739.

placename:- Kirkoswald Castle
person:- : Musgrave, Philip
person:- : Engaine, Radulph
person:- : Morvill, Hugh, Sir
person:- : Molton Family
person:- : Dacre Family
person:- : Leonard Family
person:- : Musgrave Family
date:- 1739
period:- 18th century, early

old print:-
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Print, uncoloured engraving, Kirkoswald Castle, Cumberland, engraved by Metcalf, published late 18th century?
printed at bottom right, centre:-

placename:- Kirkoswald Castle
date:- 1780=1799
period:- 18th century, late

old print:-
thumbnail PR0317, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Kirkoswald Castle, Cumberland, published by the Illustrated London News, 12 August 1882.
Illustrations of place visited by the Royal Archaeological Institute.
date:- 1882
period:- 19th century, late

hearsay Motte and bailey from 1201; remains of towers and moat, etc.

notes tower, keep, curtain walls, gateway, all in ruins, within a moat
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustrations

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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